STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND               FIREWORKS                 ARIF RAHMAN                 Ypia/HI-2/2949618            ...
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKSTable of ContentsI.     Introduction       Table of Content................................
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKSI. Introduction            Students in Surabaya use firework the same way as those in ot...
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS     C. The Danger of Fireworks             Fireworks are beautiful and but behind that ...
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS    D. Types and Effects of Fireworks     There are many types of fireworks that people ...
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS     outward. Once limited to silver or gold effects, colored crossettes such as red, gr...
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS       11. Spider: A shell containing a fast burning tailed or charcoal star that is bur...
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS       17. Mine: A mine (aka. pot à feu) is a ground firework that expels stars and/or  ...
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS     E. Are FireworksIllegal?                Fireworks are one of the explosion thing, i...
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKSIII. Result of the Survey       Question             Redo        Dani         Septa     ...
STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS      My opinion about this survey:              Many student in surabaya still dont kno...
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Fireworks

  1. 1. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS ARIF RAHMAN Ypia/HI-2/2949618 1/1/2012
  2. 2. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKSTable of ContentsI. Introduction Table of Content.............................................................................................................1 The fact about student in Surabaya habit with fireworks .............................................. 2 The fact about fireworks and money ............................................................................. 2 Why I choosethis topic.................................................................................................2II. A View about Fireworks .............................................................................................. 2 A. Definition of Fireworks............................................................................................2 B. What Students do with Fireworks.............................................................................2 C. The Danger of Fireworks..........................................................................................3 D. Types and Effects of Fireworks................................................................................4 E. Are Fireworks Illegal?...............................................................................................7 F. The Rules of Using Fireworks...................................................................................7III. Survey............................................................................................................................8 My Opinion about the Survey........................................................................................9IV. Conclusion.....................................................................................................................9V. References..............................................................................................................9YPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 1
  3. 3. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKSI. Introduction Students in Surabaya use firework the same way as those in other countries.Fireworks won’t be absent on a festival in Indonesia especially when it is held at night and in Indonesia fireworks are often used when Ramadan and new year are coming. Students always buy fireworks when those days are coming. Sometimes students abuse the use of firework that can be so dangerous and they are not responsible for the effects. Many people said that when we buy a firework, it means that we burn our Money but when you can control your money its alright to buy the fireworks because when you cant control your money will be completly empty. Behind of the beautiful effect any side effect maybe waiting for you. We know that firework isbeautiful but behind thebeauty of this thing it has many side effect. Therefore, I want people who read this paper will realize what the fireworktrulyis and make a good decision about it andthink twice about this thing.II. A View about Fireworks A. Definition of Fireworks Fireworks in the Wikipedia are a class of explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and entertainment purposes. The most common use of a firework is as part of a fireworks display. A fireworks event (also called a fireworks show or pyrotechnics) is a display of the effects produced by firework devices. Fireworks competitions are also regularly held at a number of places. Fireworks (devices) take many forms to produce the four primary effects: noise, light, smoke, and floating materials (confetti for example). They may be designed to burn with flames and sparks of many colors, typically red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, and silver. Displays are common throughout the world and are the focal point of many cultural and religious celebrations. B. What Surabaya Students Do with Fireworks Truly Surabaya students not only use fireworks to celebrate the New Year’s Eve or Ramadan moon, some Time they use it to scary their friends or just make a noise to attract the other senior high school students to make their more famous with that. They do that because they don’t know how to use it and choose to just ignore the rule. Sometimes when Ramadan moon come they spent their Money to buy fireworks andsometimes they steel their moms Money to buy it. It means that he just spent their Money useless.YPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 2
  4. 4. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS C. The Danger of Fireworks Fireworks are beautiful and but behind that beautiful fireworks have many dangerous think physically or spiritual. Like a fire explosion that can make someone hurt or died, and when the place is not suitable for fireworks it can be so dangerous because it can make a Building on fire. Spiritually it can make someone forget about what must they do or they choose fireworks than pray to God it almost happen on TheRamadan moon where the school start later so they can sleep late night and use that time to playing firecracker and the side effect of that they feel sleepy. In surabayalike a last Ramadhan(29/8/2011) that was 13 people hurt and 5 Among them Amputees on of them is still under five years Some others side effect of firework are: - Fireworks Can Be Toxic to Humans Depending on the effect sought, fireworks produce smoke and dust that contain various heavy metals, sulfur-coal compounds and other noxious chemicals. Barium, for instance, is used to produce brilliant green colors in fireworks displays, despite being poisonous and radioactive. Copper compounds are used to produce blue colors, even though they contain dioxin, which has been linked to cancer. Cadmium, lithium, antimony, rubidium, strontium, lead and potassium nitrate are also commonly used to produce different effects, even though they can cause a host of respiratory and other health problems. - Fireworks Contribute to Environmental Pollution The chemicals and heavy metals used in fireworks also take their toll on the environment, sometimes contributing to water supply contamination and even acid rain. Their use also deposits physical litter on the ground and into water bodies for miles around. As such, some U.S. states and local governments restrict the use of fireworks in accordance with guidelines set by the Clean Air Act. The American Pyrotechnics Association provides a free online directory of state laws across the U.S. regulating the use of fireworks. - Fireworks Add to Worldwide Pollution Of course, fireworks displays are not limited to U.S. Independence Day celebrations. Fireworks use is increasing in popularity around the world, including in countries without strict air pollution standards. According to The Ecologist, millennium celebrations in 2000 caused environmental pollution worldwide, filling skies over populated areas with “carcinogenic sulphur compounds and airborne arsenic.”YPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 3
  5. 5. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS D. Types and Effects of Fireworks There are many types of fireworks that people use. According to Wikipedia, there are 20 types and 4 effects of fireworks: 1. Peony:spherical break of colored stars that burn without a tail effect. The peony is the most commonly seen shell type. 2. Chrysanthemum:A spherical break of colored stars, similar to a peony, but with stars that leave a visible trail of sparks. 3. Dahlia: Essentially the same as a peony shell, but with fewer and larger stars. These stars travel a longer-than-usual distance from the shell break before burning out. For instance, if a 3" peony shell is made with a star size designed for a 6" shell, it is then considered a dahlia. Some dahlia shells are cylindrical rather than spherical to allow for larger stars. 4. Willow: Similar to a Chrysanthemum, but has less of an ongoing flare after ignition of the shell. In addition, the flame trails gradually extinguish, and in doing so, falls creating a willow branch-like effect. 5. Ground Bloom Flower: A minute barrel-like figure that, when ignited, releases a small flare with an ongoing good thrust in order to rapidly spin and cause the illusion that its coming from all angles. As it spins, the color of the flame will usually change and often ends with an orange flame color (color of a burning hydrocarbon in oxygen). 6. Palm: A shell containing a relatively few large comet stars arranged in such a way as to burst with large arms or tendrils, producing a palm tree-like effect. Proper palm shells feature a thick rising tail that displays as the shell ascends, thereby simulating the tree trunk to further enhance the "palm tree" effect. One might also see a burst of color inside the palm burst (given by a small insert shell) to simulate coconuts. 7. Ring: A shell with stars specially arranged to create a ring like shape. Variations include smiley faces, hearts, and clovers. 8. Diadem: A type of Peony or Chrysanthemum with a center cluster of non-moving stars, normally of a contrasting color or effect. 9. Kamuro: Kamuro is a Japanese word meaning "Boys Haircut" which is what this shell looks like when fully exploded in the air. A dense burst of glittering silver or gold stars which leave a heavy glitter trail and are very shiny in the nights sky. 10. Crossette: Crossette is an effect characterized by a "star" which quickly shoots outward in four directions from the initial comet. When multiple crossette shells are fired simultaneously, the result is a mass of criss-crossing trails, hence the name "crossette". Each specialized star in a crossette shell contains a small shot hole that effectively divides the star into four sides. The shot hole is packed with an explosive powder. When the charge ignites, the star splits into four segments that propelYPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 4
  6. 6. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS outward. Once limited to silver or gold effects, colored crossettes such as red, green, or white are now very common.YPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 5
  7. 7. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS 11. Spider: A shell containing a fast burning tailed or charcoal star that is burst very hard so that the stars travel in a straight and flat trajectory before slightly falling and burning out. This appears in the sky as a series of radial lines much like the legs of a spider. 12. Horsetail:Named for the shape of its break, this shell features heavy long- burning tailed stars that only travel a short distance from the shell burst before free-falling to the ground. Also known as a waterfall shell. Sometimes there is a glittering through the "waterfall." 13. Time rain: An effect created by large, slow-burning stars within a shell that leave a trail of large glittering sparks behind and make a sizzling noise. The "time" refers to the fact that these stars burn away gradually, as opposed to the standard brocade "rain" effect where a large amount of glitter material is released at once. 14. Multi-break shells: A large shell containing several smaller shells of various sizes and types. The initial burst scatters the shells across the sky before they explode. Also called a bouquet shell. When a shell contains smaller shells of the same size and type, the effect is usually referred to as "Thousands". Very large bouquet shells (up to 48 inches) are frequently used in Japan. 15. Fish: Shells that have the property of launching the flaming debris in all different directions. Also, what gives them their identities are the flares swarming in random directions. 16. Salute: A shell intended to produce a loud report rather than a visual effect. Salute shells usually contain flash powder, producing a quick flash followed by a very loud report. Titanium may be added to the flash powder mix to produce a cloud of bright sparks around the flash. Salutes are commonly used in large quantities during finales to create intense noise and brightness. They are often cylindrical in shape to allow for a larger payload of flash powder, but ball shapes are common and cheaper as well. Salutes are also called Maroons. Another type of salute is the lampare. A lampare shell has the flash powder used in a regular salute, but is filled with a flammable liquid. When the shell explodes it has a loud report with a fireball.YPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 6
  8. 8. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS 17. Mine: A mine (aka. pot à feu) is a ground firework that expels stars and/or other garnitures into the sky. Shot from a mortar like a shell, a mine consists of a canister with the lift charge on the bottom with the effects placed on top. Mines can project small reports, serpents, small shells, as well as just stars. Although mines up to 12 inches (300 mm) in diameter appear on occasion, they are usually between 3 and 5 inches (76 and 130 mm) in diameter. 18. Bengal fire: Bengal fire or Bengal light produces a steady, vivid, blue-colored light. It is often made using combinations of potassium nitrate and copper compounds 19. Roman candle: A Roman candle is a long tube containing several large stars which fire at a regular interval. These are commonly arranged in fan shapes or crisscrossing shapes, at a closer proximity to the audience. Some larger Roman candles contain small shells (bombettes) rather than stars. 20. Cake: A cake is a cluster of individual tubes linked by fuse that fires a series of aerial effects. Tube diameters can range in size from 1⁄4 to 4 inches (6 to 100 mm), and a single cake can have over 1,000 shots. The variety of effects within individual cakes is often such that they defy descriptive titles and are instead given cryptic names such as "Bermuda Triangle", "Pyro Glyphics","Summer Storm", "Waco Wakeup", and "Poisonous Spider", to name a few. Others are simply quantities of 2.5"-4" shells fused together in single-shot tubes. ------Noise-related effects------ 1.Bangs and Report: The bang is the most common effect in fireworks and sounds like a gunshot, technically called a report. 2. Crackle: The firework produces a crackling sound. 3. Hummers: Tiny tube fireworks that are ejected into the air spinning with such force that they shred their outer coating, in doing so they whizz and hum. 4. Whistle: High pitched often very loud screaming and screeching created by the resonance of gas. This is caused by a very fast strobing (on/off burning stage) of the fuel. The rapid bursts of gas from the fuel vibrate the air many hundreds of times per second causing the familiar whistling sound. It is not – as is commonly thought – made in the conventional way that musical instruments are using specific tube shapes or apertures. Common whistle fuels contain benzoate or salicylate compounds and a suitable oxidizer such as potassium perchlorate.YPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 7
  9. 9. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS E. Are FireworksIllegal? Fireworks are one of the explosion thing, it means that fireworks truly is illegal in Indonesia and use of this thing is very strict. But many people who just thinkin about Money importit from the foreign country (many of it is from China) and sell it with illegal. Its Easy in Indonesia to sell it because of lack of the security in this country. In the Dutch colonial era in Indonesia has laws to regulating the use of fireworks, in LembagaNegara(LN) years 1940 no. 41.the threat of imprisonment of three months and a fine of Rp 7,500 if the violation of "making, selling, storing, distributing fireworks and firecrackers.Perhaps because the regulation is outdated and too "antique", then the government has issued various regulations, including to change the laws in “UU darurat year 1950” that can make someone could reach for 18 years in Prisons. So you must very carefully when you have this thingbecause you can be arrested. F. The Rules of Using Fireworks rule of using fireworks is quiet simple but many people dont know how to use fireworks.If you are going to buy or use fireworks, sparklers or any type of pyrotechnic at home, there are some rules and guidelines that you should be aware of: - You must be aged 18 years and over to buy fireworks - You can only buy sparklers with other fireworks in retail fireworks packages - You should always carefully follow the manufacturer’s instructions for each type of firework. - Light in Wide open area away from anything that could catch fire - keep all unlit fireworks in the bag until you are ready to use them - If any fireworks doesn’tgo, dispose it safely, never attempt to relight Before you lighting fireworks think about others: * Fireworks are noisy-consider your neighbour’s * Point fireworks at the stars, not your matesYPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 8
  10. 10. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKSIII. Result of the Survey Question Redo Dani Septa Fahri Alfin Ivan Do you like yes yes yes yes yes yes fireworks? (a) (a) (a) How often do you Everynight Everynight Everynight (C) Rarely (C) Rarely (B) Often play fireworks? at ramadan at ramadan at ramadan How much Money you spent 15000 10000 10000 40000 10000 20000 to buy fireworks*? Do your parents know that you No No No Yes yes No play with fireworks? Do you relight your jammed Yes Yes No No Yes Yes fireworks? Where is your favorite place to Street Street Street Street Street Street play them? Do you know that many of them are No No Yes Yes No Yes illegal? In what event that you usually buy Ramadaha Ramadhan Every time Ramadhan Ramadhan Every time fireworks or you n moon moon i want moon moon i want buy in no event? * Currency in IDRYPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 9
  11. 11. STUDENTS IN SURABAYA AND FIREWORKS My opinion about this survey: Many student in surabaya still dont know how to use or let we say playing with the firework, There is rule to control it but they dont know it, on the otherside their parents dont know that they are playing with the firework,it can be dangerous. Students in Surabaya spend their Money frequently on the Ramadhan moon and its like monthly drug because they spend their Money too much on that moon.IV . Conclusion In this survey i describedmany types of fireworks with every effects of fireworks noise. I described the danger of the fireworks and the rule to use it. And from this paper you know that mostly students in Surabaya liked to play fireworks but many of itdont know how to use it. We can conclude that many students dont have any information how to use it. so There must be some Action to stop it for exemple giving their a knowledge about this thing. And always watching them when they play fireworks because in the survey many of their parents dont know that they playing with the fireworks. Please before playing with fireworks –consider your neighbours and the side effect. Dont matter how many Time that you spend to play with the firework but dont forget about the rules and the Safety to make it fun and still safe. “ HAVE FUN BE SAFE”V. References - www.fire.org.nz -http://surabaya.detik.com/read/2011/08/30/144713/1713569/466/korban-mercon- selama-ramadan-13-orang-5-diantaranya-diamputasi - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fireworks -http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petasan - http://environment.about.com/od/healthenvironment/a/toxicfireworks.htmYPIA/HI-2/MT/2949618/ARIF RAHMAN Page 10

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