Spanish 3 Grammar Notebook Nicholas


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Spanish 3 Grammar Notebook Nicholas

  1. 1. Spanish 3 Grammatical Concepts Nicholas Arce
  2. 2. Table of Contents1- Title 15- Comparatives and Superlatives2- Table of Contents 16- Future Tense3- Preterite Tense 17- Future Triggers4- Preterite Triggers 18- Future Irregulars5- Car, Gar, Zar 19- Transition Words6- Spock 20- Por7- Snake, Snakey 21- Para8- Cucuracha9- Imperfect Tense10- Imperfect Triggers11- Irregulars12-Preterite vs. Imperfect13- Ser vs. Estar14- Verbs like Gustar
  3. 3.  This verb form is used for completed actions in the past. Such as you ate yesterday,Regular Verb Forms comiste ayer, or I swam at 8, Nadé a las ocho. They have a é amos definitive start and end.-Ar aste - ó aron Preterite-Er/Ir í imos iste - ió ieron
  4. 4.  Every verb tense has Triggers words which will help you identify which tense to use. For the preterite tense...  Ante ayer  El dia anterior  El jueves pasado  El otro dia  UN! vez All these will help you identify the perterite tense
  5. 5. Car, Gar, Zar Most (if not all) verb forms have irregulars. The preterite has quite a few...the first being the car, gar, and zar verbs.  For these verbs, take off the ending of the infintive, and for the YO form with verbs ending in car, gar, or zar, use the endings qué, gué, and cé respectively.  buscar---busqué  llegar---llegué  empezar---empecé
  6. 6. Irregular conjugations for each Spock! grouping. No accents! Hacer hice, hicimos, hiciste, hizo, hicieron Dar Ir Dar/Ver Ver Ser -i,-imos,-iste,-io,-ieronHacer Ir/Ser fui, fuimos, fuiste, fue, fueron
  7. 7.  Only the bottom of the Snake....Snakey chart....(3rd person) has an irregular conjugation where the vowel changes to a y.  Leer  Oir leyó oyó leyeron oyeron
  8. 8. Cucurachas! andar anduv- estar estuv- These verbs all have the same endings: e, imos, tener tuv- iste, o, ieron. caber cup- haber hub- Anduve, anduvimos, anduviste, anduvo, poder pud- anduvieron poner pus- saber sup- hacer hic- ***** for those, the 3rd person plural drops the I in the conjugation. For example. Trajeron instead querer quis- of trajieron.... venir vin- *decir dij- *producir produj- *traer traj-
  9. 9. Imperfect Used to describe past actions The endings are.... that dont have a specific beginning or ending. They -Ar aba abámos have an imperfect time. They abas - describe habitual past actions, or uncompleted actions. Also aba aban vague refrences would use the imperfect.... cuando ERA -Er/Ir niño... ía íamos ías - ía ían
  10. 10. A veces A menudo De vez en cuando Triggers Mientras Muchas veces Los lunesDenotes the imperfect tense!!!! Cada dia Frequentemente siempre
  11. 11. Imperfect IrregularsIr Ser Veriba era veíaibas eras veíasiba era veíaíbamos éramos veíamosiban eran veían Only 3, enough said?
  12. 12. Preterite vs. ImperfectWe have two ways we could possibly express past actions, with the preterite and imperfect tenses. So, which one should we use? Well, the preterite, as I Nadaste a las dies (Pret.) said before, is like a snapshot, a definite time. Imperfect is like Nadaba de vez en cuando (imp.) a movie, it keeps moving.If that isnt confusing enough, they can both be used in the same sentence. But luckily, the Cuando dormía, mi perro comió imperfect shows the una hamburguesa con queso. background information such as time, weather, and location, while the preterite shows the specific events.
  13. 13. Ser vs. EstarSer Estar D- descriptions  H- health O- occupations  E- emotions C- characteristic  L- location T- time  P- physical characteristics O- origin  ING- for verbs in English ending in -ing you need estar + R- relationships verb + ando/iendo P- possesion E- events D- dates
  14. 14. Verbs like Gustar Some verbs work like gustar Personal pronoun + gusta/an + nounme encantan los zapatosme fascina comerno me importa aburrir, faltar, importar, interesar, molestar, quedar, caer, doler, disgustar, preocupar, sorprender, apetecer
  15. 15. Comparatives and SuperlativesComparatives SuperlativesMas ____ que ____ el mas ___ de ____Menos ____ que ____ el menos ___ de ____ Nuestra casa es mas grande que su  Nuestra casa es el mas grande de casa todos en el mundo *Irregular adjectives *OTRO!  Bueno- mejor  Tan___ como *Numbers!  Malo- peor  Mas de or menos de as ___ as  Viejo- mayor  Tanto ___como  Joven- menor as much/many as
  16. 16. Future TenseAll verbs end the same way! Infintive + ending é emos ás -Hablaré miercoles. á án
  17. 17. Triggers When you see these,  Mañana you know the event will  El lunes be happening sometime in the future!  Despues de mañana  El proximo dia
  18. 18. Irregulars!  Caber cabr  Poner pondr  Decir dir Same endings, but the  Haber habr stem changes!  Salir saldr  Hacer har  Poder podr  Tener tendr  Querer querr  Valer valdr  Sabe sabr  Venir vendr
  19. 19. Transition WordsThese words will spice up your • Aunque- even though sentences and • Mientras- while provide you with ways of saying • A pasar de- in spite of more things. • Por lo tanto- therefore • Sin embargo/no obstante- nevertheless
  20. 20. PorFor By means of Passing through PORtal General, not specific PORtugal How long PORever The cause of something PORpuse An exhange imPORt/exPORt Doing something in I am POR, pay for me place of someone By means of moving transPORtation
  21. 21. ParaFor In order to For whom something is Suprise PARAtay done Destination PARAguay The purpose for whom PARAsites something is done Opinions PARAdon me, but... Contrast and compare comPARAson deadline PARAmedic