PRESERVATION ENCLOSURES Boxes and wrappers.
Items to be considered for boxing: <ul><li>Special Collection’s material. </li></ul><ul><li>Bindings with embellishment; <...
Items unsuited to boxing: <ul><li>Volumes for which reduced air flow might cause further damage </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Oversized or undersized items </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where the combined weight of a box plus the object makes t...
Enclosures provide physical protection against: <ul><li>Incidental handling damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Catastrophic damage ...
<ul><li>Fire and flood   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By delaying the effects of the disaster and restricting the physical distor...
<ul><li>Pests. </li></ul><ul><li>Dust and dirt. </li></ul><ul><li>Fluctuations in temperature and humidity. A box helps to...
Enclosures provide protection by: <ul><li>Giving extra physical support to weak binding structures when items are stored u...
Enclosures passively delay chemical deterioration by: <ul><li>Buffering the contents from pollutants in the air. </li></ul...
Considerations when boxing: <ul><li>Sufficient shelf/storage space? </li></ul><ul><li>Can items be shelved by size after b...
An  effective  enclosure should: <ul><li>Be designed to immediately arrest or reduce   the  potential  for damage or loss....
<ul><li>Indicate the orientation of box on the shelf – usually by the position of any labelling. </li></ul><ul><li>Be of a...
The enclosure design and materials should not inflict any new damage on the contents!
Enclosure types
Drop-spine Book Box <ul><li>For codices/books with paper text-blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor-made for an exact fit. </li...
<ul><li>Flexible Design </li></ul>
Disadvantages <ul><li>Costly – time and materials.  </li></ul><ul><li>Requires additional shelf space. </li></ul><ul><li>R...
Drop-spine Pressure Box <ul><li>Designed for codices with parchment text-blocks and coverings </li></ul><ul><li>Applies ov...
Phase-box <ul><li>Quick and simple to produce. </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor-made for an exact fit. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides ...
<ul><li>Adaptable   design </li></ul>
Four flap wrapper <ul><li>Suitable for items too thin to phase box. </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor-made for an exact fit. </li><...
<ul><li>Adaptable   design </li></ul>
Die Cut/Archive Storage Box <ul><li>Cut and folded from a single sheet. </li></ul><ul><li>Made to measure or standard size...
Other enclosure types <ul><li>Fascicule - For single sheet collections. </li></ul><ul><li>Book shoes/Book wrappers - For h...
Workshops <ul><li>Part 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Materials. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Measuring artefact. </li...
<ul><li>.  </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you for listening. </li></ul>
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Levantine Enclosures

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Levantine Enclosures

  1. 1. PRESERVATION ENCLOSURES Boxes and wrappers.
  2. 2. Items to be considered for boxing: <ul><li>Special Collection’s material. </li></ul><ul><li>Bindings with embellishment; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clasps, catches, elevated decorative elements, ties etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Fragile and important bindings. </li></ul><ul><li>Damaged volumes. </li></ul><ul><li>Volumes with parchment text-blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Volumes with Vellum/parchment coverings. </li></ul><ul><li>Textile bindings; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Velvet, Silk and embroidered bindings. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Limp bindings. </li></ul><ul><li>Pamphlets. </li></ul><ul><li>Collections not shelved by size. </li></ul><ul><li>New bindings/fine bindings; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Required to stay in the same condition as when acquired. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Conserved artefacts. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Items unsuited to boxing: <ul><li>Volumes for which reduced air flow might cause further damage </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>items with very acidic papers. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Items in conditions with potential for mould growth. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Volumes in historic libraries and interiors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where the visual appearance of the books is important. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Oversized or undersized items </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where the combined weight of a box plus the object makes them unsafe to handle. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some very small items are not suitable for some types of enclosures. Alternative solutions need to be investigated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Enclosures provide physical protection against: <ul><li>Incidental handling damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Catastrophic damage caused by a fall or blow. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection during transportation – it should not be the sole protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Abrasion by neighbouring volumes - especially those with embellishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Abrasion during removal and placement on the bookshelf. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Fire and flood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By delaying the effects of the disaster and restricting the physical distortions they cause. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Light damage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fading and weakening of the covering material </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Pests. </li></ul><ul><li>Dust and dirt. </li></ul><ul><li>Fluctuations in temperature and humidity. A box helps to control the dimensional changes they cause in bindings, particularly codices with parchment text-blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>intrusive or harmful library labelling. </li></ul><ul><li>Intrusive, unnecessary Conservation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Enclosures provide protection by: <ul><li>Giving extra physical support to weak binding structures when items are stored upright on shelves. </li></ul><ul><li>Retaining loose or detached fragments with their original bindings. </li></ul><ul><li>The presence of a box can cause the reader to treat the artefact with greater care. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Enclosures passively delay chemical deterioration by: <ul><li>Buffering the contents from pollutants in the air. </li></ul><ul><li>Separating incompatible materials. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Separating leather covers from paper covered volumes avoids the transfer of acids from leather to paper that cause discolouration. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>New materials can trap atmospheric pollutants, locking them away from vulnerable items e.g leather, photographs etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Considerations when boxing: <ul><li>Sufficient shelf/storage space? </li></ul><ul><li>Can items be shelved by size after boxing for mutual support? </li></ul><ul><li>Do staff have appropriate skills. Training? </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetic criteria for historic interiors. </li></ul><ul><li>One type of box will not fit all artefacts. Flexibility is required. </li></ul><ul><li>Funds. </li></ul>
  11. 11. An effective enclosure should: <ul><li>Be designed to immediately arrest or reduce the potential for damage or loss. </li></ul><ul><li>Be made from suitable, acid-free archival materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Be of robust construction to protect contents. </li></ul><ul><li>Be the correct size. </li></ul><ul><li>Place a binding under light pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>not fall open if dropped. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Indicate the orientation of box on the shelf – usually by the position of any labelling. </li></ul><ul><li>Be of a design that encourages the use of both hands when handling the artefact. </li></ul><ul><li>Restrict the ability of the reader to open the codex/book within the box. </li></ul><ul><li>Be obvious and simple in its design and use. </li></ul><ul><li>Should preferably be a single unit. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The enclosure design and materials should not inflict any new damage on the contents!
  14. 14. Enclosure types
  15. 15. Drop-spine Book Box <ul><li>For codices/books with paper text-blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor-made for an exact fit. </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth covered dense board for a durable and rigid box providing a high level of protection. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Flexible Design </li></ul>
  17. 17. Disadvantages <ul><li>Costly – time and materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires additional shelf space. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires staff with appropriate skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Not suitable for codices with parchment text-blocks or coverings. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Drop-spine Pressure Box <ul><li>Designed for codices with parchment text-blocks and coverings </li></ul><ul><li>Applies overall light pressure to codex to restrict expansion and contraction of parchment with changes in humidity </li></ul>
  19. 19. Phase-box <ul><li>Quick and simple to produce. </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor-made for an exact fit. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides rigidity and support. </li></ul><ul><li>Secure fastening suitable for limp bindings, parchment text-blocks and coverings. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Adaptable design </li></ul>
  21. 21. Four flap wrapper <ul><li>Suitable for items too thin to phase box. </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor-made for an exact fit. </li></ul><ul><li>Does not provide the rigidity of a phase-box. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Adaptable design </li></ul>
  23. 23. Die Cut/Archive Storage Box <ul><li>Cut and folded from a single sheet. </li></ul><ul><li>Made to measure or standard sizes. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be purchased commercially. </li></ul><ul><li>For bindings, fragments, single sheet items. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Other enclosure types <ul><li>Fascicule - For single sheet collections. </li></ul><ul><li>Book shoes/Book wrappers - For historic interiors </li></ul><ul><li>Envelopes </li></ul>
  25. 25. Workshops <ul><li>Part 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Materials. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Measuring artefact. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Making a one-piece 4 flap wrapper. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Part 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Making a two-piece Phase Box. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Part 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Making an Archive Box. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summing up </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you for listening. </li></ul>

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