Nation Report Part 2
• Variety of cultures and mixed of ethnic groups
• In uenced by European immigration although there are also some Amerindian and African
in uences, particularly in the elds of music and art.
• Mixture of architectural styles imported from Europe.
• Modern styles appear mixed with colonial features, relics from the Spanish-ruled past.
• Museums, cinemas and galleries are abundant in all the large urban centers, as well as traditional
establishments such as literary bars, or bars o ering live music of a variety of genres. P2
• Cinema has been active since 1896.
• Achieved international recognition with lms such as
e O cial Story and 9 Queens.
• Argentine theatre traces its origins to Viceroy Juan
José de Vértiz y Salcedo's creation of the colony's rst
comedy theatre (La Ranchería) in 1783.
• European Immigration in Argentina created a need
for a cultural shi in theatre addressed by Florencio
• e best-known element of Argentine culture is the
• Tango is the word refers to both the music and the
lyrics (o en containing words and phrases in
lunfardo, a local slang), which are a form of poetry.
• Folk music and dance are popular in provincial
Argentina and are blends of various native and
• Since the 1970s Rock music has been widely
appreciated in Argentina.
Painting and Sculpture
• Rich history in painting and sculpture from both before and since the development of modern Argentina in the second
half of the 19th century.
• Shortly a er independence in 1816, landscape painters from Europe began exploring the spacious Argentine
countryside, much as many did in the United States.
• In the 1830s, Carlos Morel became the rst in uential Argentine painter and Prilidiano Pueyrredón's naïve, slice-of-life
portraits made him among the few successful Argentine artists of those early days
• Artistic production in Argentina, however, did not truly come into its own until a er the 1852 overthrow of the
repressive regime of Juan Manuel de Rosas.
• Monumental sculptors became in very high demand a er 1900, particularly by municipal governments and wealthy
families, who competed with each other in boasting the most evocative mausolea for their dearly departed. P3
• Many Argentines are involved in sports.
• Fútbol (soccer) is more of a national obsession than a game. Argentina won the World Cup in 1978 and
1986 and the gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics and 2008 Summer Olympics for men's soccer,
and the exploits of Diego Maradona have kept fans, paparazzi and columnists busy for the past 20 years.
• Argentina's o cial language is Spanish
• Most Argentines can understand simple spoken Italian and Portuguese, due to their similarity to
Spanish. ere are about 23 native languages spoken in di erent parts of the country, including
Quechua, Mapuche, Guaraní, Toba and Wichí.