Learn how to read Arabic alphabets with three dfferent short vowels (harakat) & learn how to write Arabic alphabets in different positions in the Arabic words
To learn Arabic language, first of all you must learn the Arabic alphabets, which are (28 letters), you should know the shape of each letter in different positions in the words and the different ways to pronounce each letter with Arabic short vowels (ḥarakāt).
( َ ) fatḥa فَتْحَة : it is pronounced as a short vowel (a), like the second (a) in (Arabic).
( ُ ) dhamma ضَمّة : it is pronounced as a short vowel (u), like the (u) in (Put).
( ِ ) kasra كَسْرَة : It is pronounced as a short vowel (i), like the (i) in (Bit).