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Khanjarpur Village Site Study


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Kanjarpur, Roorkee, Uttrakhand, India

Published in: Design
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Khanjarpur Village Site Study

  1. 1. Site Study KhanjarPur TEAM MEMBERS: - Aniruddh Jain - Arvind Bachu - Ayush Soni - Hanan Qureshi - Shashank K.
  2. 2. Site Zoning BLUE: IIT RED: Wealthier Areas of KP GREEN: Grassland(outside KP)
  3. 3. Site Access
  4. 4. Site Selection
  5. 5. Site Selection
  6. 6. Site Selection
  7. 7. Population • Total: 14000 • Voting: 4344 • 1120 families, out of which 89 are BPL
  8. 8. Socioeconomic Profile • Business • Farmers • Labour (Rickshaw etc.) • Dairy
  9. 9. Cultural Profile • Hindus (predominant) • Muslims • Christians – 100-200 • Sikhs – 2 families
  10. 10. Housing Typology • Mainly in bricks, reinforced concrete. • Two floors • Variety
  11. 11. Social Places • Courtyards in older constructions, mainly among farmers. • Absent in the new houses.
  12. 12. Respect for Nature
  14. 14. Road Condition (Interior)
  15. 15. Road Condition
  16. 16. Potable Water
  17. 17. Drainage/Sewerage
  18. 18. Electricity/Telecommunication • Fully electrified • Solar Lighting on Roads • Internet Connectivity • Television/Dish
  19. 19. Education • Primary • Junior (CBSE) • Girls’ education encouraged; some Muslims reluctant. • “We have to send our girls outside for Inter”
  20. 20. Education
  21. 21. Community Facilities • Ground in School/Temple • Used for marriages, gathering.
  22. 22. Recreational Spaces • Badminton Court • Volley Ball Court • Football?? (both within school premises) – Some play in IIT
  23. 23. Land Value • Main Road: Rs. 2000/sft vs. Rs. 1200/sft* • Interiors: Rs. 1200/sft vs. Rs. 700/sft* *Land value five years ago
  24. 24. Land Ownership • Zamindari system ablosihed after ‘47 • Farmers own most of the land (~10 bigay - ~50 bigay) – Sugarcane – Wheat – Rice • No vacant land
  25. 25. Parking
  26. 26. CASE STUDIES
  27. 27. One of the biggest slums in the world, Dharavi is located in West Mumbai region
  28. 28. Approximately seven million people in Mumbai live in slums Mumbai is one of the most populous cities in the world with approximately 14 million people 55% of the population of Mumbai lives in slums Mumbai’s slums cover only 6-8% of the city’s land with 55% of its people. It is believed that 72% of this slum population is literate.
  30. 30. Quality of health revolves around access to safe water and sanitation. Toilet facilities like this are rare. Sewers are often non-existent. Here drums of excrement are dumped.
  32. 32. • About 100 Printing presses. • 111 restaurants. • 85 Export Oriented Units (including WHO approved • surgical sutures). • 3 to 4 Soap and detergent factories. • 25 Bakeries Child labour. There are 145 (Hazardous chemical drums) recycling units along residential units. Adulteration and copying (cold drinks to toothpaste). 722 Scrap and Recycling (plastics, chemicals etc.) of which only 359 are licensed. ChorBazaar : Mumbai’s biggest market for any kind of Pirated goods. INDUSTRIES IN DHARAVI NEGETIVE EFFECTS
  33. 33. REDEVELOPMENT OR NOT The redevelopment would mean, a cleaner hygienic Dharavi minus the slums, encroachments and small scale units. People of Dharavi would live a better life in terms of tangible comforts like houses etc.. Paves way for 550 acres of prime real estate in the most pivotal part of Mumbai. This plan dedicates plots to non polluting industries. Dharavi always carried the slum tag, and now will be ready to become a part of the Skyline of Mumbai. Relocating 57000 unwilling to relocate families is a big thing. The Idea of redevelopment was least thought of 10 years back. As industries are segregated, the social activities which are interrelated between industries are endangered. People in Dharavi although uncomfortable, are happy, happiness is omnipresent in Dharavi. Redevelopment is just an excuse given to make more money out of the Real Estate gold mine that underlies Dharavi.
  34. 34. Inferences Case studies all over the world have documented the inappropriateness of high-rise resettlement projects in poor areas. The social and economic networks which the poor rely on for subsistence can hardly be sustained in high-rise structures. These high rise projects are not appropriate for home-based economic activities, which play a major role in Dharavi. A unique characteristic of Dharavi is its very close work-place relationship. Productive activity takes place in nearly every home. As a result, Dharavi's economic activity is decentralized, human scale, home-based, low-tech and labor-intensive. This has created an organic and incrementally developing urban form with mixed use, high density low-rise streetscapes. This is a model many planners have been trying to recreate in cities across the world.
  35. 35. Slum Redevelopment : Amraiwadi, Gujarat
  36. 36. Amraiwadi, Gujarat Amraiwadi is located in the eastern segment of the Ahmedabad city, which has historically developed as an industrial area; since the beginning of the 20th century the cotton textile mills were located there and later the new industrial estates housing small scale industries.
  37. 37. Gujarat state government has decided to adopt Mumbai's controversial Dharavi slum redevelopment model as it embarks on an ambitious plan to upgrade the living quarters of 440,000 slum dwellers in the city.
  38. 38. Multi-Pronged Approach of Gujarat Housing Board for slum redevelopment
  39. 39. The Ahmedabad project, called 'the Regulation for the Rehabilitation and Redevelopment of the Slums 2010' and run by the state's Urban Development Department, will focus initially on 1,200 families who reside in the 'crime-prone' slum of Amraiwadi. Under the public-private partnership (PPP) model, an Ahmedabad-based private contractor will develop 1,136 flats of 33 square metres each, in three-storey blocks, for allocation to slum dwellers currently living on government land. The one-bedroom apartments will have drainage and drinking water systems, and will also have a landscaped garden and school if all approvals go as planned.
  40. 40. As the project progresses, the government will need to keep as its focus the betterment of the people living in the slums, rather than a 'beautification' of the city, which will ultimately lead to an incongruence in goals for the players involved. Under Ahmedabad's Slum Rehabilitation Policy, the builder can utilise the space left after constructing houses for the slum-dwellers for commercial or other purposes. Also, the floor space index (FSI) — the ratio of the total floor area of a building to the area of its site — will be raised for builders who develop slums under the policy.
  41. 41. Mukhyamantri awas samriddhi yojana This scheme aims to provide: • Urban Infrastructure Facilities • Social Infrastructure Facilities • EWS/LIG Housing • Provision for two rooms, kitchen, bathroom and water closet • Inclusion of Private Sector for in-situ Development of Slums • Releasing a bunch of incentives to catalyze the low-cost housing sector in the State
  42. 42. Methodology Six slums in this Amraiwadi ward have been selected after looking at the available data from the surveys and Focussed Group Discussions (FGDs) in each of the slum.
  43. 43. Typical Floor Plans for the Proposed One BHK Flats
  44. 44. Proposed plans by Gujarat Housing Board for slum redevelopment
  45. 45. Pruitt-igoe
  46. 46. Design Considerations • Space to be provided for Cattle, preferably common. • Agricultural land to be legal maintenance purview. • Zoning in terms of socio economic strata considerations – farmers, businessmen etc. • Proper sewerage and sanitary systems to be considered given the severe problems that arise during monsoons • Infrastructure for Health facilities to be considered. • Aspirations of people to be kept in mind in terms of cross-linkages between house holds • Community and recreation areas would be of utmost importance. • Respect for Nature.
  47. 47. We should acknowledge existing economic activities and the spatial organization, and modify it wherever necessary in the process of redevelopment. The involvement of the concerned population in the planning process is a planning imperative if the redevelopment is to be successful from a human and urban perspective.
  48. 48. THANK YOU