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The English word "love" can refer to a variety
of different feelings, states, and attitudes that
ranges from interpersonal affection ("I love my
mother") to pleasure ("I loved that meal").
It can refer to an emotion of a strong attraction
and personal attachment. It can also be a
virtue representing human kindness,
compassion, and affection—"the unselfish
loyal and benevolent concern for the good of
As well, it may describe compassionate and
affectionate actions towards other humans,
one's self or animals.
A person can be said to love an object, principle,
or goal to which they are deeply committed and
greatly value. People can also "love" material
objects, animals, or activities if they invest
themselves in bonding or otherwise identifying
with those things.
If sexual passion is also involved, then this
feeling is called paraphilia.
Interpersonal love refers to love between human
beings. It is a more potent sentiment than a simple
liking for another.
Unrequited love refers to those feelings of love that
are not reciprocated.
Interpersonal love is most closely associated with
Such love might exist between family members,
friends, and couples.
There are also a number of psychological disorders
related to love, such as erotomania.
Erotomania is a type of delusional
disorder where the affected person
believes that another person is in love
with him or her. This belief is usually
applied to someone with higher status or
a famous person, but can also be applied
to a complete stranger.
• Some people have categorized four forms
interpersonal love based on ancient Greek
TYPES OF LOVE HISTORICALLY
The ancient Greeks defined following types of love that
exist in human relationships:
EROS is a affectionate love that
tends to be possessive and
It is far more inclusive than just
sexual love, an example is Romeo
Philia is about special
friendships; they may be
mates team members,
fellowship or the like where
Intimacy and equality with
trust and respect for each
Storge is the love found in
families: the love of
parent for child and child
Xenia is LOVE that manifests as
Through hospitality XENIA,
strangers become grateful
friends in a world that is not
Agape is a non-possessive love and concern for
the well being of others;
a selfless love for humanity and the will of the
self in ‘devotion to neighbour’.
This is a therapeutic attitude to be developed,
what Carl Rogers encourages in his client-
Nygren sees Agape “as spontaneous,
unmotivated, indifferent to value, creative,
unlimited, unconditioned, and un-calculating.”
Ludus is playful or uncommitted love. It can
involve activities such as teasing and
dancing, or more overt flirting, seducing,
The focus is on fun, and sometimes on
conquest, with no strings attached.
Ludus relationships are casual,
undemanding, and uncomplicated but,
for all that, can be very long-lasting.
Pragma is a kind of practical love
founded on reason or duty and
one’s longer-term interests. Sexual
attraction takes a back seat in favor of
personal qualities and compatibilities,
shared goals, and making it work.
In the days of arranged marriages,
pragma must have been very common
Philautia is self-love, which
can be healthy or unhealthy.
psychology depicts love as a
cognitive and social phenomenon.
Psychologist Robert Sternberg
argued that love has three different
components: intimacy, commitment,
Intimacy is a form in which two people share
confidences and various details of their
personal lives, and is usually shown in
friendships and romantic love affairs.
Commitment, on the other hand, is the
expectation that the relationship is permanent.
The last and most common form of love is
sexual attraction and passion.
Passionate love is shown in infatuation as well
as romantic love.