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Historical periods presentation team b

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Presentation on the Modern Period featuring Visual Arts, Drama, Music, and Dance.

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Historical periods presentation team b

  1. 1. Historical Periods Presentation: Modern Period MTE/534 – Curriculum Constructs and Assessments: Visual and Performing Arts Melissa Earle, Siobhan Eith, Kasie, April Wells Dr. Cassaundra Singleton March 28th, 2016
  2. 2. Modern Period Introduction This presentation will discuss important historical events from the Modern Period. The term “modern” was created in the 16th century to signify recent or present times (Baker, 1987). Some major events of this era include World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), and “Modernism” (the movement experimented with a large amount of new approaches). Topics that are featured in the presentation include visual arts, drama, music, and dance. Each section will discuss the defining characteristics, significant artists, relevant timeframe, the origin of the movement, and how society was involved.
  3. 3. Modern Period Visual Arts
  4. 4. Modern Period Visual Arts Prior to the 19th century, many artists were hired by wealthy patrons or churches to create artwork. Because of this, many of the works of art depicted religious themes or mythological scenes. Visual art was intended to instruct the audience rather than entertain them. With the turn of the 19th century, many artist made the switch to depict the people, places, and ideas that interested them as an individual. They also began to explore dreams and symbolism as a day to depict their own experiences. It was also during this time that artists really began to experiment with photography and the use of non-traditional materials.
  5. 5. Defining Characteristics • Depicted people, places, and ideas that the artist was interested in • Exploration of symbolism and dreams • Expressive use of color • Experimentation with different materials • Use of new techniques an mediums (such as photography)
  6. 6. Significant Artists • Eugène Atget • Hippolyte Blancard • Paul Cézanne • Robert Delaunay • Vincent van Gogh • Hector Guimard • Raoul François Larche • Jacques-Henri Lartigue • Henri Matisse • Edvard Munch • Pablo Picasso • Georges-Pierre Seurat • Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec • Édouard Vuillard
  7. 7. Relevant Timeframe • 1899- Sigmund Fraud publishes the interpretation of dreams influencing a new subject matter for artists • Late 19th century artists work to depict not only every day life but also the emotional and psychological stresses one may experience • End of 19th century graphic design and advertising was born • Early 1900s the emergence of the modern city creating innovations in transportation and massive migrations of people • During the 20th century, photographs became more accessible
  8. 8. Where Movements Originated The switch in visual art truly started to change during the time of the industrial revolution, where the advancement in technology, manufacturing, and transportation were at the forefront. Even though this took place all around the world, France was the country that seemed to have changed the most rapidly, especially in Paris.
  9. 9. How Society Was Involved Society played a major role in the change in visual art. With the development of better technology, new types of mediums and methods (such as paint in a tube) of creating art came about. The increased transportation made it easier for artist to get around to paint the people and places around them. Also, society itself became an important part because now they were the subject for artists to focus on in order to create great works of art. With the increased ease of creating visual art, artists were able to duplicate their works over and over again. With this the age of advertising was born with artists creating posters and flyers for cabarets, art salons, music concerts, and readings.
  10. 10. Modern Period Drama
  11. 11. Modern Period Drama The modern period and its drama were shaped by world-changing forces, such as industrial-technological revolution, democratic revolutions, and an intellectual revolution that would disrupt earlier conceptions of time, space, the divine, human psychology, and social order (Cohen, 2016). This brought on the realism and symbolism movement within the theatre group. This is where themes and feelings where brought into the theatre life as a way of expressing ones self also known as today’s modern play and musical theatre.
  12. 12. Defining Characteristics All about: • Real-life environments • Real-time dramatic plots • Use of creativity, to disrupt, question, challenge, and cause change in society and especially its political systems.
  13. 13. Significant Types of Modern Drama • Expressionism • Theatricalism • French Avant-Garde
  14. 14. Relevant Timeframe • 1916 – Bernard Shaw’s – Pygmalion • 1910 – Bernard Shaw’s – The Dark Lady of the Sonnets • 1905 – Bernard Shaw – Major Barbara • 1899 – by George Bernard Shaw – Caesar and Cleopatra • 1894 – Bernard Shaw's – Arms and the Man • 1894 – Bernard Shaw – Mrs. Warren's Profession • 19th Century drama introduced – Oscar Wilde – An Ideal Husband Oscar Wilde – The Importance of Being Earnest Bernard Shaw – Misalliance • 18th Century or Enlightenment drama is introduced as “The Beggar's Opera,” The inspiration for the 20th-century Brecht/Weill Three penny Opera, this play is a mock opera which satirizes the British upper class. • 17th Century – Dom Juan, ou Le Festin de Pierre, Restoration Drama is introduced.
  15. 15. Where Movements Originated Within the many revolutions in Europe in the 19th century, artists gave voice to the personal, changing opposition to the status quo, and in post-World War I, O'Neill, the father of American drama, would restate the tensions of the past and keep current with the political turmoil of the present--from experiments with socialism in America. (Narey, n.d.). The sudden arise of the reactionary feelings and dealings gave rise to the McCarthy era and the House on Un- American Activities Committee, with such figures as Miller giving us The Crucible, a modern drama on the puritanical witch trials of Salem and 17th century America (Narey, n.d.).
  16. 16. How Society Was Involved Society insists on a greater understanding of all things pertinent to modern humanity and its relationships to religion, societal order, psychology in order to appreciate its message; however, we critically acknowledge that most of us remain ignorant to all the former (Narey, n.d.). Thus, the drama instructs, irritates, challenges, and begs for intelligence in order to gain from its message (Narey, n.d.). It remains didactic, combined with pleasure, but always wishing to challenge the current notions of authority (Narey, n.d.).
  17. 17. Modern Period Music
  18. 18. Modern Period Music Modern Period music has evolved in many different ways. The most common element among the various types of Modern music is the element of experimentation. The Modern Era of music was created form the late Romantic and Impressionist periods as a result of experimental efforts of composers such as Richard Strauss, Maurice Ravel, and Claude Debussy. Even though some composers of the Modern Era of music continually used traditional harmonies that were developed during the Romantic Period, many other Modern Era composers experimented with new, unusual harmonies.
  19. 19. Defining Characteristics • Sounds were more unconventional • Percussion became more important because unusual instruments like bicycle horns and typewriters were used (Kamien, 2002). • There was controversy with sounds that were unfamiliar, disturbing, or fantasy-like. • Technology changes were included into music. Microsoft.com
  20. 20. Significant Artists Music from the Modern Period was inspired by the Big Band and Rockabilly genre. Music trends introduced in the Modern Period includes: * Rhythm and Blues *Funk * Jazz *Rap *Motown *Rock and Roll *Country *Blues Significant artists include: *Scott Joplin *Aretha Franklin *Frank Sinatra *Led Zeppelin *The Beatles *Duke Ellington *Elvis Presley *The Sugarhill Gang *Claude Debussy *Igor Stravinsky *Aaron Copland *Sergei Prokofiev
  21. 21. Relevant Timeframe • 1900 – Buddy Bolden invents jazz. • 1902 – Claude Debussy introduces impressionism to music. • 1904 – The London Symphony Orchestra is established. • 1910 – Igor Stravinsky completes The Firebird for Sergei Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes. Stravinsky will become one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. • 1933 – Laurens Hammond introduces his Hammond organ. • 1936 – Electric guitar debuts. • 1956 – Elvis Presley emerges as one of the world’s first rock stars. • 1963 – A wave of Beatlemania (The Beatles) hits the U.K. The Rolling Stones emerge as the anti-Beatles. • 1964 – Bob Dylan becomes popular with his “Folk” music. • 1973 – Reggae music becomes popular • 1977 – Saturday Night Fever sparks the disco inferno. • 1978 – Sony introduces the Walkman, the first portable stereo • 2003 – Apple Computer introduces Apple iTunes Music Store, which allows people to download songs for 99 cents each.
  22. 22. Where Movements Originated The Modern Era of music evolved from the late Romantic and Impressionist periods as a result of the experimental efforts of such composers as Claude Debussy, and Richard Strauss (Kamien, 2002).
  23. 23. How Society Was Involved Music has now become a big part of society, because of radio broadcasts, recordings, and access to music that can be played in homes. At the beginning of the Modern Period, these new styles of music were not accepted by people, so music was mostly performed by composers at concerts. Women also became more active in music as virtuoso soloists, and educators. While men were in wars, women joined the orchestras as conductors and players. Today, American universities and colleges are now expanding music by educating students. In fact, these universities, colleges are now what the nobility and churches were in the past.
  24. 24. Modern Period Dance
  25. 25. Modern Period Dance The modern period of dance began in the late 1800’s and ended in the mid 20th century. After the early 1960’s, the next era was known as Post Modern Dance. Modern dance had three distinct periods known as Early Modern, Central Modern, and Late Modern, which will be explained in more detail later in the presentation.(Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 2012). It evolved with experimenting with new ways to move the body, including movement of the torso, which had not been done before, older dance movements were more like the waltz and had steps with more “stiff ” movements. Ballet was also more about structured steps, unlike modern dance.
  26. 26. Defining Characteristics • Encourages dancers to use emotions in dance • Rejecting the strict structure of ballet • A more “free style” of dancing • More bodily movement, bending at torso • Dancing barefoot as opposed to ballet shoes • Using gravity, not always light on their feet like in ballet (graphic from shutterstock.com).
  27. 27. Significant Artists There were many artists from Europe and America that basically created modern dance. Many of the American artists/dancers performed and taught in Europe. Familiar names in modern dance are: Isadora Duncan, Loie Fuller, Ted Shawn, Martha Graham, Katherine Dunham, Lester Horton, Charles Weidman, Jose Limon, Pearl Primus, Anna Sokolow, Anna Halprin, and Paul Taylor. (www.infoplease.com) (Pictures from google images).
  28. 28. Relevant Timeframe for Modern Dance • 1880-1923: Known as the Early Modern Period. Known as “New Dance or Free Dance and Romanticism”. Isadora Duncan is from this period. • 1923-1946: Known as the Central Modern Period. Many wanted to find the American way of moving. Martha Graham is from this period. • 1946-1960: Known as the Late Modern Period. Led into the Post Modern and Contemporary Dance periods. Jose Limon and Paul Taylor are from this period.
  29. 29. Origination of Modern Dance Modern dance originated in Europe and the United States in the late 19th century. It evolved from the strict structure of ballet and the Impressionist Era.
  30. 30. Historical Events of the Time, and How Society was Involved. Arts were interrelated. Major events included WWI and WWII, the stock market crash in 1929, and The Great Depression. Many were looking for new and modern ways to express themselves or new ways to be entertained. During the modern period, music, dance, drama, and even visual art was changing. Society wanted to be entertained and looked for more upbeat and fun ways to be entertained due to what was going on in the world around them. In music, jazz, the blues, swing motown, and rockabilly evolved during this time. Dance also evolved and became more freestyle and not as rigid as in the past. Plays included new modern dance along with music of the time. Visual art was becoming more daring and “provocative” at the time. The world was changing in a huge way and the arts were evolving with those changes.
  31. 31. References • Baker, H.A. (1987). Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. • Kamien, R. (2002). Music: An appreciation. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. • Beginnings of Modern Dance. (2012). Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Retrieved from www.google.com • www.infoplease.com History of Modern Dance (2010). Retrieved on March 25th, 2016 • Cohen, T. (2016). Theatre: Brief Version. Retrieved from http://highered.mheducation.com/sites/0767430077/student_view0/chapter8/index.html • MoMA Learning. (2016). What is Modern Art?. Retrieved from https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/themes/what-is-modern-art/popular-culture • Narey, W. (n.d.) Modern and Contemporary Drama: ENG 3433 Retrieved from http://www.clt.astate.edu/wnarey/modern_contemporary_drama.htm

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