As metal powder additive manufacturing advances from rapid prototyping to mass production, the importance of powder characteristics and composition has become widely recognized. In this presentation, various techniques for powder production will be explored, with the emphasis on variants in atomization technology. Conventional and emerging techniques for measuring powder characteristics will be discussed. Analysis of finished components that meet or exceed expected properties, while at the same time taking advantage of revolutionary part design, will be addressed. It is the intent to assist component designers and manufacturing engineers in both alloy selection and specification determination for optimum property results.