Academic research update

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Academic research update

  1. 1. Human Factors Research in Unmanned Aerial Systems Lisa Jo Elliott, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Human Factors Engineer ljelliott@usf.edu
  2. 2. Briefing. • Importance of Human Factors research in UAS • Breadth of research problems • Challenges to continued research • Toward solutions
  3. 3. Importance of HF in UAS • Safety- Large UA systems safety is a fraction of manned aircraft. • Standardization- Controls, System Behavior, types and behavior of automation differs by manufacturer and system. • Operators- who makes the best operators?
  4. 4. Breadth of Research Problems Class Payload Operators Use Visual Who 1-Micro UAS Sensors One external Observation, Firefighting… External Observers All 2-Mini UAS Sensors One external Observation and detection, Agriculture… External Observers All 3- Tactical UAS Sensors, small payload At least external, internal Observation, detection and some action External Observers, Chase Plane All 4- HALE Unlimited More than two All, flight restricted Chase Plane Gov’t or Industry 5- UCAS unlimited Many all, flight restricted Chase Plane Gov’t
  5. 5. Research Problems- Human Side Large Systems • Cannot see the plane with many controls, many operators with different roles. • Teams & Communication • Automation • Selection, Training, Simulation • Psychosocial Issues • Vigilance and fatigue • NAS Integration • Sensor Data… Small Systems • Can see the plane but few controls and single operator • Situation Awareness • Secondary Control • Cognitive Reversals • Perceptual Judgments • Detect, Sense, and Avoid • Multiple UAS • Selection, Training…
  6. 6. Research Problems- System side Large Systems • Survivability of System $$$ • Loss of Link • System Design (control station, external view). • Communication • Automation • Vigilance and fatigue • Alienation of host populations • Sensor Data Small Systems • Control Station Design • Control of multiple UAS • Interoperability • Detect, Sense, and Avoid • Communication with ATC, NOTAM, live feed • Loss of Link • Sensor Data • NAS integration
  7. 7. Research Problems and Findings - Dr. Yu Zhang - Small UAS for Agriculture - NMSU-PSL UAS FTC Introduction to Unmanned Aerial Systems Book Observer Perception Control Reversal Task Load Index Subjective Workload for UAS - Human Factors and Ergonomic Society - www.hfes.org
  8. 8. Challenges & Solutions • Challenges • System cost • FAA COA • Funding Mechanisms- contracts, few grants • Flight Test Centers – Population Density • Toward Solutions • Open source simulation platforms for research • Clearer guidance on COA for Research • National Robotics Initiative • FAA Flight Test Centers

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