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Special Education in Romania



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Special Education in Romania

  2. 2. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA Special and specially integrated education is an integral part of the Romanian national education system and provides all children/pupils/young people educational programs adapted to their degree of deficiency and their development needs. It is organized at all levels of pre-university education, depending on the type and degree of disability, such as: mental, hearing, vision, or associated.
  3. 3. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA In Bucharest, special education are provided in 19 special schools:  1 kindergarten  11 gymnasium schools  2 professional vocational schools  2 gymnasium school and 1 high school for hearing impaired pupils  1 gymnasium school and 1 high school for visual impaired pupils
  4. 4. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA The special education and learning/teaching process is achieved through lessons, practical works in laboratories or school workshops, complementary activities of complex and integrated therapeutic education by teachers, educators and specific intervention activities (rehabilitation/ recovery) carried out by specialists in specially designed cabinets, production practice (at the arts and crafts school/vocational schools), out-of-school activities and/or outside school.
  5. 5. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA The didactic methodologies used in special education are adapted to the type and the degree of deficiency/disability and the learning specificity of children with disabilities.  In the current activity of special education the didactic strategies and methodologies aims at differentiating and individualizing the educational approach, introducing new approaches to the learning process and flexible use of all available resources.
  6. 6. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA In the design and implementation of lessons and various educational activities at the class level, teaching staff demonstrates flexibility and adapts learning situations, strategies, materials, methods, resources and resources to each student's educational progress.
  7. 7. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA Teachers independently choose to organize their activities with all pupils (frontal activity), by groups of pupils (group activity) or individually (differentiated/individualized activity) - depending on the specific objectives proposed for the lesson and the level of pupils.
  8. 8. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA To teach the majority of disciplines, teachers, in special education, use, on a large scale, methods based on the voluntary action of children (exercises, practical activities, etc.) and stimulated action (didactic games, dramatization learning, etc.).
  9. 9. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA Teaching is done through the use of active and participatory methods that require the student's interest, creativity, imagination, involvement and participation, in order to acquire knowledge that will use them later. Interactive-Creative Learning: is focused on learning through research- discovery, on self-directed learning, independent or guided, and especially on creative thinking and imagination.
  10. 10. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA A desideratum of the special education is to improve the use of the means of working materials at lessons, so it is easier to capture their attention and to facilitate the affective and motivational involvement of pupils in the lesson sequences. Lately, in special education ITC has an important role. More and more educational soft's and games are used in teaching and learning process.
  11. 11. SPECIAL EDUCATION IN ROMANIA In the educational process, the computer plays 2 important roles: - support in communication - support in learning In the case of children with physical and sensorial impairments, Computer Assisted Learning determines the increase in learning independence. - develop the ability of pupils with severe deficiencies to operate with signs and symbols - train and develops visual and auditory perception - motivates the pupils
  12. 12. THANK YOU!