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HYBRID POWER MANAGEMENT WITH
INVERTER
PROJECT GUIDE:-MR RAMKUMAR S
PROJECT CO-ORDINATOR:- MRS NALINI AND MRS MEENALOCHINI
...
CONTENTS
 Introduction
 Block Diagram
 Hardware Components
 Software Components
 Flow Chart
 Applications
 Future E...
INTRODUCTION
 Renewable energy sources plays an important role
in electricity generation.
 it is available everywhere an...
BLOCK DIAGRAM
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
 Solar
 Dynamo
 Mains or Utility
 Monostable multivibrator
 LDR
 Driver
 Buffer
 Overvoltage
SOLAR PANEL
 4.5 TO 5V
 It convert light from the
sun into electric current
through the photovoltaic
effect.
DYNAMO
 A dynamo is an electrical generator that produces direct current with the
use of a commutator
 2.5 to 3v
 It ge...
MAINS OR UTILITY
IC1
IC2
7812 Regulator IC
7805 Regulator IC
D1D2D3&D4 1N4007 Rectifier Diodes
CAPACITORS
C1 1000 µf/25V E...
MONOSTABLE MULTI VIBRATOR
SEMICONDUCTORS
IC1 555 Timer IC 1
R1 33 K Ohm ¼ Watt 1
R2 1K Ohm ¼ Watt 1
R3 10K Ohm ¼ Watt 1
R4...
BUFFER AND DRIVER CIRCUIT
SEMICONDUCTORS
IC1 4050 HEX
BUFFER/CONVERTER(NON-
INVERTER)
1
IC2 2003 DARLINGTON ARRY 1
RESISTORS
R1 to R5 220 Ohm ¼ Watt...
Day/Night Sensor(ILLUMINATION)
OVER VOLTAGE & UNDER VOLTAGE
10K
4.7K
10K
4.7K
5.6v Zener
diode
5.6v Zener
diode
547 547
VCC 5V
VCC 12V
RL
MICROCONTROLLER
FLOW CHART
APPLICATIONS AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENT
APPLICATIONS
1.This system is designed for outdoor applications in un-electrified rura...
ADVANTAGES
 In general mode, the power savings is about 50% .
 In dim mode, it is about 35%.
 Using LED’s in this techn...
DISADVANTAGES
 Operative and maintenance is cost effective.
 Initial and maintenance cost is high.
CONCLUSION
This concept falls under the subject of non-
conventional energy resources, out of the many
alternative energy ...
REFRENCE
 [1] K.V.K.K. Prasad, Embedded Real Time Systems: Concepts, Design Prog Bb,
Dreamtech Press, Nov 12, 2003
 [2] ...
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  1. 1. HYBRID POWER MANAGEMENT WITH INVERTER PROJECT GUIDE:-MR RAMKUMAR S PROJECT CO-ORDINATOR:- MRS NALINI AND MRS MEENALOCHINI PRESENTED BY:- ANUSHA.K ARCHANA.C.B SREEJA.N SREELAKSHMI.K
  2. 2. CONTENTS  Introduction  Block Diagram  Hardware Components  Software Components  Flow Chart  Applications  Future Enhancement  Advantages  Disadvantages  Conclusion  Reference
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Renewable energy sources plays an important role in electricity generation.  it is available everywhere and is free to harness.  It is also used in street lights
  4. 4. BLOCK DIAGRAM
  5. 5. HARDWARE COMPONENTS  Solar  Dynamo  Mains or Utility  Monostable multivibrator  LDR  Driver  Buffer  Overvoltage
  6. 6. SOLAR PANEL  4.5 TO 5V  It convert light from the sun into electric current through the photovoltaic effect.
  7. 7. DYNAMO  A dynamo is an electrical generator that produces direct current with the use of a commutator  2.5 to 3v  It generates the required energy through speed breaker
  8. 8. MAINS OR UTILITY IC1 IC2 7812 Regulator IC 7805 Regulator IC D1D2D3&D4 1N4007 Rectifier Diodes CAPACITORS C1 1000 µf/25V Electrolytic C2 to C4 0.1µF Ceramic Disc type 230AC X 1 C1 D2 1 C2 C3 IC1 7812D1 1 9V C4 IC1 7805 +12V +5V
  9. 9. MONOSTABLE MULTI VIBRATOR SEMICONDUCTORS IC1 555 Timer IC 1 R1 33 K Ohm ¼ Watt 1 R2 1K Ohm ¼ Watt 1 R3 10K Ohm ¼ Watt 1 R4 470 Ohm ¼ Watt 1 D1 Red Light Emitting Diode 1 CAPACITORS C1 & C3 10 µf / 25V Electrolytic 1 C2 0.1µF Ceramic Disc type 1
  10. 10. BUFFER AND DRIVER CIRCUIT
  11. 11. SEMICONDUCTORS IC1 4050 HEX BUFFER/CONVERTER(NON- INVERTER) 1 IC2 2003 DARLINGTON ARRY 1 RESISTORS R1 to R5 220 Ohm ¼ Watt Carbon Resistors 5 R6 to R10 2.2 K Ohm ¼ Watt Carbon Resistors 5 DIODES D1to D5 1N4148 SIGNAL Diodes 5 D6 to D10 Red Indicator LEDs 5 MISCELLANEOUS RL1-RL5 12 V, 700 Ohm DPDT Reed Relays 5
  12. 12. Day/Night Sensor(ILLUMINATION)
  13. 13. OVER VOLTAGE & UNDER VOLTAGE 10K 4.7K 10K 4.7K 5.6v Zener diode 5.6v Zener diode 547 547 VCC 5V VCC 12V RL
  14. 14. MICROCONTROLLER
  15. 15. FLOW CHART
  16. 16. APPLICATIONS AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENT APPLICATIONS 1.This system is designed for outdoor applications in un-electrified rural areas. 2.This system is an ideal application for campus and village street lighting. 3.Solar street light system is an ideal lighting system for roads, yards, residential colonies, township, corporate offices, hospitals educational institutions and rural electrification. FUTURE ENHANCEMENT There is always chance to improve any system as research & development is an endless process. Our system is no exception to this phenomenon. The following developments can be done in future for Speed Break Based Street Light Control: In future this module can be implement to activate the Street Lights based on the number of persons arrived.
  17. 17. ADVANTAGES  In general mode, the power savings is about 50% .  In dim mode, it is about 35%.  Using LED’s in this technology, it provides cool environment unlike HID lamps.  Utilization of energy is optimized using this technology.  Street light gives a bright light over a semi circle of radius 30 feet.
  18. 18. DISADVANTAGES  Operative and maintenance is cost effective.  Initial and maintenance cost is high.
  19. 19. CONCLUSION This concept falls under the subject of non- conventional energy resources, out of the many alternative energy resources one dependable source is solar energy, but it is quite costliest affair. Therefore, alternative cheapest source is to generate electricity from speed breaker. This technology proven here is the ultimate inexpensive source of all known forms of energy
  20. 20. REFRENCE  [1] K.V.K.K. Prasad, Embedded Real Time Systems: Concepts, Design Prog Bb, Dreamtech Press, Nov 12, 2003  [2] B.A. Kitchenham, “Procedures for Performing Systematic Reviews,” Technical Report TR/SE-0401, Keele University, and Technical Report 0400011T.1, NICTA, 2004.  [3] Umesh Balaji Kothandapani Ramesh, Séverine Sentilles, Ivica Crnkovic, Technical Report: Energy Management in Embedded Systems Taxonomy, http://www.mrtc.mdh.se/index.php?choice=publications&id=2769  [4] Massoud Pedram, Power optimization and management in embedded systems. In Proceedings of the 2001 Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference (ASP- DAC '01). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 239-244.

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