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ADHARABUTA SIDDHANTA of
BHAISAJYA KLPANA
BY
ANUSHA R V
BAMS 2ND
YEAR
INTRODUCTION:
Every science will have its own BASIC PRINCIPLES.They are the set of
beliefs or doctrines,which guide us as we advance with science.
• These are the base for further theories in it.
• The term AdharabhutaSiddhantha means the basic fundamental
principles.
The following concept are the fundamental principles of the
Bhaishajayakalpana;
• Concept of Paribhasha.
• Concept of Dravyasangrahana and samrakshana.
• Concept of Maana.
• Concept of Panchavidha Kashaya Kalpana.
• Concept of Dravyastitha Rasa-guna-virya-vipaka And Prabhava.
• Concept of Anuktha Or Visheshokta Graham.
• Concept of Aushadhi Yoga namkaran.
• Concept of SaveeryataAvadhi.
• Concept of AushadhaSevana Kala.
• Concept of AushadhaMatra.
• Concept of Anupana.
• Concept of Use of VirudhaVeeryadravya.
• Concept Of AbhavaPratinidhiDravya
CONCEPT OF PARIBHASHA:
अव्यक्ता अनुक्ता लेशोक्ता संधिग्धार्थं प्रकाधशका |
प्रकथ्यन्ते दीपीभूता सुधनधिता ||
o In ayurveda there are many fundamentals that are unclear or undescribed
or explained in a very short manner.
o If these fundamentals are understood properly they will be very helpful to
us in understanding the basis of ayurveda.
o Any long sentence or vocabulary are enlisted briefly is called as
Paribhasha.
o Example: Triphala– collective name of fruits of haritakibibitaki and
amalaki taken in equal quantities
CONCEPT OF DRAVYA SANGRAHANA AND
SAMRAKSHANA:
o The therapeutic efficacy of any drug depends strongly on the methods
followed for its collection and storage.
o Points of significance during drug collections are:
o Time of drug collection
o Place of drug collection
o The state of drug collection
o Method of drug collection
o Storage and preservation
TIME FOR DRUG COLLECTION:
शरद्यखिलकार्ाार्थाग्राह्यंसरसमौषिम्।धिरेकिमनार्थंचिसन्तान्तेसमाहरेत्
Sarad rtu is the best time for collection of herbs for all type of
preparation.
Vamana and virechana drugs are collected in vasanta rtu.
Specific time for specific plant part collection:
मूलानि निनिरे ग्रीष्मे, पत्रं वर्ाावसन्तय ोः । कन्दानि िरनि क्षीरं, यथर्ता क
त सतमं
फलम् । हेमन्ते सारम र्ध्या, गृह्णीयार्् क
त िल निर्क
् ॥
• Mula should be collected in sisira and grishma.
• Patra in varsha and vasanta.
• Kanda and ksira in sarad.
• Sara in hemantha
• Kusuma and phala in their respective season.
Time of the day for drug collection:
गृह्णीयात्तानि सतमिाोः ितन ोः प्रार्ोः सतवासरे।
It is indicated that aushada dravya are collected in early morning.
During brahma muhurtha kala the yield and the potency of the drug
are expected to be more as it is kapha kala.
Place of drug collection:
आग्नेया नवन्ध्यिैलाद्ाोः सौम्य नहमनगररमार्ोः ।
As a general opinion Acärya Särngadhara says that all 'usna virya
dravya' are to be collected from "Vindhya hills' and 'sita virya dravya'
are to be collected from the vicinity of 'Himalaya ranges".
The stages of drug collection:
The general rule speaks about the collection of all drugs in fresh form
but there are expection,few drugs should be collected in old form.
नवान्येव हि योज्याहन द्रव्याण्यखिलकर्मसु । हवना हवडङ्गक
ृ ष्णाभ्ाां
गुडधान्याज्यर्ाहिकैः
Vidanga,pippali, guda,dhanya vishesha should be used purana.
METHOD OF DRUG COLLECTION:
गृह्णीयात्तानि सतमिाोः ितन ोः प्रार्ोः सतवासरे। आनित्यसम्मतख मौिी िमस्क
ृ त्य
निवं हृनि ॥ साधारणधराद्रव्यं गृह्णीयाि उत्तरानिर्म्
The drug collection is done with all methodical and religious rituals.
In early morning hours after bath with calm mind the person should
pray Lord Siva facing the early morning sun. Later the drugs situated
towards 'north' should be collected. The above concept is essential to
have full involvement of the person collecting the drugs. Moreover,
the works done with utmost care and full corcentration yields better
results, so is the case with collection of drugs also.
Storage and preservation:
Any drug material, which is collected, should be stored in suitable
conditions to retain the inherent drug properties until the drug goes
into a preparation.
For this, the most primary thing, which we require, will be the
suitable containers to store the raw drugs.
CONCEPT OF MAANA:
ना मानेन धिना र्ुखक्तर्द्ाव्याणाम् जार्ते क्वधचत् |
अत: प्रर्ोगकार्ाार्थं मानमत्रोच्यते मर्ा ||
o Maana Means Measurement It Has Atmost Important In Making Aushada
Kalpana.
o During drug formulation quantity of drug to be taken , amount of water to
be added measurement of rest of prakshapadravya to be added as well as
drug dosage maana has got it’s important.
TYPES:
o According to the nature of substance ;
• Paiyamaana – measurement of lengths.
Dhruvayamaana – measurements of liquids
• Poudhavamaana – measurement of weight.
o There are another classification;
• kalingamaana.
• Magadha mana

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Anusha R V.pdf

  • 1. ADHARABUTA SIDDHANTA of BHAISAJYA KLPANA BY ANUSHA R V BAMS 2ND YEAR
  • 2. INTRODUCTION: Every science will have its own BASIC PRINCIPLES.They are the set of beliefs or doctrines,which guide us as we advance with science. • These are the base for further theories in it. • The term AdharabhutaSiddhantha means the basic fundamental principles. The following concept are the fundamental principles of the Bhaishajayakalpana; • Concept of Paribhasha. • Concept of Dravyasangrahana and samrakshana. • Concept of Maana. • Concept of Panchavidha Kashaya Kalpana. • Concept of Dravyastitha Rasa-guna-virya-vipaka And Prabhava. • Concept of Anuktha Or Visheshokta Graham. • Concept of Aushadhi Yoga namkaran. • Concept of SaveeryataAvadhi. • Concept of AushadhaSevana Kala. • Concept of AushadhaMatra. • Concept of Anupana. • Concept of Use of VirudhaVeeryadravya. • Concept Of AbhavaPratinidhiDravya
  • 3. CONCEPT OF PARIBHASHA: अव्यक्ता अनुक्ता लेशोक्ता संधिग्धार्थं प्रकाधशका | प्रकथ्यन्ते दीपीभूता सुधनधिता || o In ayurveda there are many fundamentals that are unclear or undescribed or explained in a very short manner. o If these fundamentals are understood properly they will be very helpful to us in understanding the basis of ayurveda. o Any long sentence or vocabulary are enlisted briefly is called as Paribhasha. o Example: Triphala– collective name of fruits of haritakibibitaki and amalaki taken in equal quantities CONCEPT OF DRAVYA SANGRAHANA AND SAMRAKSHANA: o The therapeutic efficacy of any drug depends strongly on the methods followed for its collection and storage. o Points of significance during drug collections are: o Time of drug collection o Place of drug collection o The state of drug collection o Method of drug collection o Storage and preservation TIME FOR DRUG COLLECTION: शरद्यखिलकार्ाार्थाग्राह्यंसरसमौषिम्।धिरेकिमनार्थंचिसन्तान्तेसमाहरेत् Sarad rtu is the best time for collection of herbs for all type of preparation. Vamana and virechana drugs are collected in vasanta rtu.
  • 4. Specific time for specific plant part collection: मूलानि निनिरे ग्रीष्मे, पत्रं वर्ाावसन्तय ोः । कन्दानि िरनि क्षीरं, यथर्ता क त सतमं फलम् । हेमन्ते सारम र्ध्या, गृह्णीयार्् क त िल निर्क ् ॥ • Mula should be collected in sisira and grishma. • Patra in varsha and vasanta. • Kanda and ksira in sarad. • Sara in hemantha • Kusuma and phala in their respective season. Time of the day for drug collection: गृह्णीयात्तानि सतमिाोः ितन ोः प्रार्ोः सतवासरे। It is indicated that aushada dravya are collected in early morning. During brahma muhurtha kala the yield and the potency of the drug are expected to be more as it is kapha kala. Place of drug collection: आग्नेया नवन्ध्यिैलाद्ाोः सौम्य नहमनगररमार्ोः ।
  • 5. As a general opinion Acärya Särngadhara says that all 'usna virya dravya' are to be collected from "Vindhya hills' and 'sita virya dravya' are to be collected from the vicinity of 'Himalaya ranges". The stages of drug collection: The general rule speaks about the collection of all drugs in fresh form but there are expection,few drugs should be collected in old form. नवान्येव हि योज्याहन द्रव्याण्यखिलकर्मसु । हवना हवडङ्गक ृ ष्णाभ्ाां गुडधान्याज्यर्ाहिकैः Vidanga,pippali, guda,dhanya vishesha should be used purana. METHOD OF DRUG COLLECTION: गृह्णीयात्तानि सतमिाोः ितन ोः प्रार्ोः सतवासरे। आनित्यसम्मतख मौिी िमस्क ृ त्य निवं हृनि ॥ साधारणधराद्रव्यं गृह्णीयाि उत्तरानिर्म् The drug collection is done with all methodical and religious rituals. In early morning hours after bath with calm mind the person should pray Lord Siva facing the early morning sun. Later the drugs situated towards 'north' should be collected. The above concept is essential to have full involvement of the person collecting the drugs. Moreover, the works done with utmost care and full corcentration yields better results, so is the case with collection of drugs also. Storage and preservation: Any drug material, which is collected, should be stored in suitable conditions to retain the inherent drug properties until the drug goes into a preparation. For this, the most primary thing, which we require, will be the suitable containers to store the raw drugs.
  • 6. CONCEPT OF MAANA: ना मानेन धिना र्ुखक्तर्द्ाव्याणाम् जार्ते क्वधचत् | अत: प्रर्ोगकार्ाार्थं मानमत्रोच्यते मर्ा || o Maana Means Measurement It Has Atmost Important In Making Aushada Kalpana. o During drug formulation quantity of drug to be taken , amount of water to be added measurement of rest of prakshapadravya to be added as well as drug dosage maana has got it’s important. TYPES: o According to the nature of substance ; • Paiyamaana – measurement of lengths. Dhruvayamaana – measurements of liquids • Poudhavamaana – measurement of weight. o There are another classification; • kalingamaana. • Magadha mana
  • 7. CONCEPT OF PANCHAVIDHA KASHAYA KALPANA: o It is a method or procedure through which substance is transformed into range of medicinal form.
  • 8. o The drugs cannot be taken in raw forms it has to be converted into the form which would be therapeutically fit. The panchavidhakashayaKalpanas are: अर्थात: स्वरस: कल्क: क्वर्था: चधहमफाण्टकी। ज्ञेर्ा: कषार्ााः पंचएतेलघिाःस्ुाःर्र्थोत्तरम्॥ • Swarasa • Kalka • Kawatha • Hima • Phanta RASA : रसा: स्वादु अम्ल लिण धतक्तोशनकशार्का | षड् र्द्व्यमाखिस्ते च र्र्थापूिाम् बलािहा || o It is the object of gustatory sense organ. o It is located in dravya. o Rasa is manifested by permutation and combination of bhuthas in dravya.
  • 9. VIPAKA : जाठरेण अग्नीनार्ोगाद्यदुदेधतरसान्तरम् । रसानांपररनामान्ते स धिपाक इधत स्मृताः | | o Vipaka is the transformed state of ingested substance act in digestion. o It determines the future course and action of drugs. o Types of vipaka : Madhura vipaka – increases the kapha. o Amla vipaka – increases pita. o Katuvipaka – increases vata. PRABHAVA : साधदसाम्ये र्त्कमा धिधशष्टं तताः प्रभािजम् | o Many drugs acts uniquely from their rasa, virya ,vipaka and their unique property of drugs is known as prabhava.
  • 10. CONCEPT OF ANUKTHA OR VISHESHOKTA GRAHAM : कालेऽितक्ते प्रिार्ं स्यािङ्गे ऽितक्ते जटा िवेर्् ॥ िागेऽितक्ते र्त साम्यं स्यात्पात्रेऽितक्ते मृत्ययम् । द्रवेऽितक्ते जलं ग्राह्यं र्ैलेऽितक्ते नर्ल द्भवम् ।। o There are many places where clear description is not given at such time it is difficult to understand the underlying meanings, so anuktha is mentioned. * Kala – Prata kala. * Quantity – Equal Quantity. * Vessel – Earthen pot. * Drava water – LavanaSaindhava. * Milk – Godugdha Cow’s Milk. * Taila– Tila CONCEPT OF AUSHADHI YOGA NAMKARAN: यिौर्धन्तत प्रथमं यस्य य गस्य कथ्यर्े। र्न्नाम्नेव स य ग नह कथ्यर्े अत्र निश्चयोः॥ o After completion of drug formulation it is very essential to name them. o Naming is done on the basis of ; o Important drugs used: named from the important drug in the formulation. Example:punarnavadikwatha, chitra kadi vati. o Roga ghanta : named as per specific disease on which formulation acts. o Example:shwaskuthar rasa, pramehantakvati. o Name of the person : named on the basis of name of acharya formulated the medicine.
  • 11. Example: Agastya haritaki. o Medicines guna and prabhava : named after the quality and the specific action of the medicines . Example: arogyavardhinivati, o Kala and rutu : based on the kala and rutu when the medicine is formulated. Example: pushyanugchurna. o Matra : based on the quantity of the durg in that formulation. Example: shadbindutaila.. CONCEPT OF SAVEERYATA AVADHI: o Shelflife of the drug formulation plays an important role because is consumed after expiry the formulation may not useful. o Swarsta, kalka, ksirataka are consumed immediately after preparation.
  • 12. CONCEPT OF AUSHADHA SEVANA KALA: अभक्तं प्रग्भक्तं मद्यभक्तं अिोभक्तं शभक्तं अन्तरभक्तं सामुद्गं मुहुमुाहु स ग्रसं ग्रसंतरं धनधश च || o Time of administration of also play an important role to cure diseases. o It improves the action of the drug and help make equilibrium of doshas. * Abaktham- empty stomach. * Prakbaktham - before meals. * Madhyabaktham - during meals. * Adhobaktham - after meals. * Sabaktham - mixed with food. * Antharabaktham - between meals. * Samuktham - before and after meals. * Muhumuhu - frequently. * Sagrasam- with first morsel. * Grasantharam - between morsel. * Nishi - bedtime. AUSHADHA MATRA: • The science which deals with the dosage of drugs is know as posology. Therapeutic activity of the drug depends on the dosage of the drugs. • Hence , it is very important to fix the dose as per the disease as well as the strength of the patients.
  • 13. CONCEPT OF ANUPANA: र्त् धकधिदौषिं िैध्यौदैर्ं रोगानुपानताः तत्तद् गुणकरंज्ञेर्मनुपान बलाधदह।। Anupana is the media which can be given either Before (or) After (or)Along with the drug. • It is mentioned in yogaratnakara, that’s the correct Anupana as per the disease will enhance the activity of main drug. ANUPANA DRAVYAS: 1. Sitajala 2. Usnajala 3. Asava 4. Madya 5. Yusa
  • 14. 6. Phalamla. 7. Dhanyamla 8. Paya 9. Rasa BHAISAJYA MARGA: • The drug is administered through different routes as per the disease and dosha involved; S.NO ROUTE KALPANA 1 Tvak Lepa, pralepa, alepa 2 Mukha Avaleha, asava, arista, kvatha 3 Aksi Vati, curna, arka, ghrita, taila 4 Siras Seka, pica, vasti, abhyanga 5 Nasa Nasya karma 6 Karna Karna purna 7 Guda Anuvasanavasti, asthapanavasti 8 Yoni , medhra , garbhasaya Uttara vasti CONCEPT OF USE OF VIRUDHA VEERYA DRAVYA: • Without hampering the prominent features the use of opposite veerya drug is taken in the formulation.
  • 15. • Example: in pravalpanchamrut, the prominent drug pravala is sitavirya pitta shamaka while shankha, kapardika are pitta shamakaushna drugs. Also the bhavana of arkakshira is given to it which is tikshna and usna. CONCEPT OF ABHAVA PRATINIDHI DRAVYA: BALA RISHABAKA KSHIRA KAKOLI VARAHI KANDA
  • 16. • In all the season all the drugs are not available, the difficulty may occurs from time-to-time so the substitutes are taken in place of non- available drugs. Example : risabhaka – bala, kakoli – satavari,kshirakakoli – varahikand CONCLUSION: Adhara butha siddhantha is basic to baisajya kalpana. By learning aadhara butha siddhantha we gain the knowledge of rasa,guna,virya,vipaka,mana,matra,anupana,aushadha,prayoga, Aushadha nama karana etc. . Thank you