Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Indian Society

2,822 views

Published on

Indian Society

Published in: Education
  • 80% Win Rate? It's Not a BUG? [Proof Inside] ➤➤ https://tinyurl.com/yxcmgjf5
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Indian Society

  1. 1. CLASS- 11-C2CLASS- 11-C2 GROUP-1GROUP-1 PPTPPT ONON
  2. 2. PPTPPT DISTINCTDISTINCT FEATURES OFFEATURES OF INDIANINDIAN SOCIETYSOCIETY
  3. 3. INDIAN NATIONAL FLAGINDIAN NATIONAL FLAG
  4. 4. MAP OF INDIAMAP OF INDIA
  5. 5. INDIAN CONSTITUTION
  6. 6. India-South Asian Adventure!India-South Asian Adventure! ““Unity throughUnity through diversity” is thediversity” is the theme of thetheme of the approximatelyapproximately oneone billionbillion peoplepeople that live in athat live in a country that is socountry that is so big, it’s called abig, it’s called a subcontinentsubcontinent!!
  7. 7. India’s People Come in All ShapesIndia’s People Come in All Shapes and Sizes, Just Like American Peopleand Sizes, Just Like American People  People withPeople with different clothingdifferent clothing  People withPeople with different religionsdifferent religions  People withPeople with different foodsdifferent foods  People withPeople with differentdifferent celebrationscelebrations
  8. 8. India’s GovernmentIndia’s Government India is theIndia is the world’sworld’s largestlargest democracydemocracy
  9. 9. Famous IndianFamous Indian Gandhi,Gandhi, India’s greatestIndia’s greatest peacemaker,peacemaker, who influencedwho influenced Martin LutherMartin Luther King, Jr.King, Jr.
  10. 10. Where People Live in IndiaWhere People Live in India Many IndianMany Indian people live inpeople live in villages invillages in rural Indiarural India
  11. 11. Where People Live in IndiaWhere People Live in India  Other people in IndiaOther people in India live in large cities, likelive in large cities, like – New Dehli, the capitalNew Dehli, the capital – Mumbai (West)Mumbai (West)  Home of Bollywood,Home of Bollywood, India’s HollywoodIndia’s Hollywood – Kolkata (East)Kolkata (East) – Deccan (SouthernDeccan (Southern Plateau), with citiesPlateau), with cities like Bangalore andlike Bangalore and ChennaiChennai
  12. 12. India’s People Eat Many FoodsIndia’s People Eat Many Foods  RiceRice  VegetablesVegetables  SeafoodSeafood  Meat-however, cowsMeat-however, cows are considered sacredare considered sacred by Hindus, many ofby Hindus, many of whom are vegetarianwhom are vegetarian  Masala-spicesMasala-spices  Tea-common drinkTea-common drink
  13. 13. India’s People Have DifferentIndia’s People Have Different Religious BeliefsReligious Beliefs HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism Islam (Muslims)Islam (Muslims) SikkhismSikkhism ChristianityChristianity JudaismJudaism
  14. 14. India’sIndia’s HistoryHistory  Indian civilization is ancientIndian civilization is ancient  The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the first civilizations on earthThe Indus Valley Civilization was one of the first civilizations on earth  The Vedic period was a time in Indian history when the Hindu religion andThe Vedic period was a time in Indian history when the Hindu religion and caste system began in Indiacaste system began in India  Mughal Empire was the last and the strongest Islamic empire in IndiaMughal Empire was the last and the strongest Islamic empire in India
  15. 15. Agra & the Taj MahalAgra & the Taj Mahal Agra is a largeAgra is a large city in northerncity in northern IndiaIndia It is the home ofIt is the home of India’s greatestIndia’s greatest historicalhistorical monument, themonument, the Taj MahalTaj Mahal
  16. 16. Transportation in IndiTransportation in Indiaa  PlanesPlanes  TrainsTrains  CarsCars  RickshawsRickshaws  Camel & donkeyCamel & donkey cartscarts  BicyclesBicycles  WalkingWalking
  17. 17. Traditional Music of IndiaTraditional Music of India HindustaniHindustani means classicalmeans classical music of Northmusic of North IndiaIndia Carnatic meansCarnatic means classical musicclassical music of South Indiaof South India
  18. 18. Traditional ElementsTraditional Elements of Indian Musicof Indian Music MelodyMelody (raga)(raga) DroneDrone (harmony)(harmony) RhythmRhythm (tala)(tala)
  19. 19. Indian InstrumentsIndian Instruments StringString WindWind PercussionPercussion
  20. 20. India’s People and the MusicalIndia’s People and the Musical Instruments of India Are Very Diverse!Instruments of India Are Very Diverse! India, theIndia, the land ofland of “Unity“Unity throughthrough diversity!”diversity!”
  21. 21. FEATURES OF INDIAN RURALFEATURES OF INDIAN RURAL SOCIETYSOCIETY  The village is the oldest permanent community of man. All earlyThe village is the oldest permanent community of man. All early communities were basically rural in character. Bogardus says,communities were basically rural in character. Bogardus says, “Human society has been cradled in the rural group”. The rural“Human society has been cradled in the rural group”. The rural community is simply means a community that consists of peoplecommunity is simply means a community that consists of people living in a limited physical area and who have common interests andliving in a limited physical area and who have common interests and common ways of satisfying them. Each society consists of differentcommon ways of satisfying them. Each society consists of different parts, such as individuals, groups, institutions, associations, andparts, such as individuals, groups, institutions, associations, and communities. The simplest analogy one can think of at this point iscommunities. The simplest analogy one can think of at this point is that of an organism that has different components working togetherthat of an organism that has different components working together as a whole. Society is a system like any other system, such as theas a whole. Society is a system like any other system, such as the solar system. According to A.W. Green, “A rural community is asolar system. According to A.W. Green, “A rural community is a cluster of people living within a narrow territorial radius who share acluster of people living within a narrow territorial radius who share a common way of life”.common way of life”.
  22. 22. FEATURES OF INDIAN URBANFEATURES OF INDIAN URBAN SOCIETYSOCIETY  The nature of urban society as represented in thoughts of urbanThe nature of urban society as represented in thoughts of urban theorists of modern city greatly has contrasting indifferences in theirtheorists of modern city greatly has contrasting indifferences in their views. Every place has its distinctive urban characteristicviews. Every place has its distinctive urban characteristic determined by variables as mix of power, space, market and culturaldetermined by variables as mix of power, space, market and cultural practices.practices.  As a result of development in science and technology, there hasAs a result of development in science and technology, there has been industrial development. Due to industrial development there isbeen industrial development. Due to industrial development there is urbanization as a result of which urban societies created. Everyurbanization as a result of which urban societies created. Every country has its own urban society. Every village possesses somecountry has its own urban society. Every village possesses some elements of the city while every city carries some feature of theelements of the city while every city carries some feature of the villages. Different criteria are used to decide a community as urban.villages. Different criteria are used to decide a community as urban. Some of them are, for example, population, legal limits, types ofSome of them are, for example, population, legal limits, types of occupations, social organizations. The city in the words of Louisoccupations, social organizations. The city in the words of Louis wirth refers to “a relatively large, dense and permanent settlement ofwirth refers to “a relatively large, dense and permanent settlement of socially heterogeneous individuals.”socially heterogeneous individuals.”
  23. 23. FORMS OF DIVERSITY INFORMS OF DIVERSITY IN INDIINDIAA LINGUISTICLINGUISTIC DIVERSITYDIVERSITY RACIAL DIVERSITYRACIAL DIVERSITY ETHNIC DIVERSITYETHNIC DIVERSITY
  24. 24. LINGUISTIC DIVERSITYLINGUISTIC DIVERSITY  The high degree of large diversity found in India is due to the existence ofThe high degree of large diversity found in India is due to the existence of diverse population groups. The greatest variety in languages can be founddiverse population groups. The greatest variety in languages can be found in the one of the biggest democracies in the world. Most of these languagesin the one of the biggest democracies in the world. Most of these languages are distinct and have their own distinct form of writing and speech. Theare distinct and have their own distinct form of writing and speech. The dictionary defines ‘Diversity’, as variety or different. Languages are defineddictionary defines ‘Diversity’, as variety or different. Languages are defined as a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human communication.as a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human communication.  In India, the tribal communities are smallest in geographical spread and inIn India, the tribal communities are smallest in geographical spread and in population strength. They cover only 8.8% (1991census) of the Indianpopulation strength. They cover only 8.8% (1991census) of the Indian population. Not only we should consider linguistic diversity as a resource ofpopulation. Not only we should consider linguistic diversity as a resource of human kind but also should conceive both the decline in the number ofhuman kind but also should conceive both the decline in the number of languages and the emerging trend in having mono linguistic dominance overlanguages and the emerging trend in having mono linguistic dominance over small languages as a threat to our plural existence. It is to be accepted thatsmall languages as a threat to our plural existence. It is to be accepted that even in the very ecological sense, like bio-diversity, linguistic diversityeven in the very ecological sense, like bio-diversity, linguistic diversity should also need to maintain.should also need to maintain.
  25. 25. RACIAL DIVERSITYRACIAL DIVERSITY  Race is a concept. The term race is used in various senses, even byRace is a concept. The term race is used in various senses, even by human biologists, not to speak of politicians, historians and otherhuman biologists, not to speak of politicians, historians and other who have little interest in biological races. The racial classificationswho have little interest in biological races. The racial classifications are made on the basis of certain genetic traits. Such types of traitsare made on the basis of certain genetic traits. Such types of traits used in classification of races are referred to as racial criteria. Theused in classification of races are referred to as racial criteria. The racial criteria should fulfill certain requirements. Body suggested aracial criteria should fulfill certain requirements. Body suggested a few conditions which should be satisfied by criteria chosen for racialfew conditions which should be satisfied by criteria chosen for racial classification. Most contemporary anthropologists classify Indiansclassification. Most contemporary anthropologists classify Indians as belonging to one of four major ethno-racial groups, which oftenas belonging to one of four major ethno-racial groups, which often overlap with each other because of a continuous process of racialoverlap with each other because of a continuous process of racial admixture: Caucasoid, Mongoloids and Negritos. Mongoloids areadmixture: Caucasoid, Mongoloids and Negritos. Mongoloids are largely confined to the Northeastern region of the country and forlargely confined to the Northeastern region of the country and for the most part, speak Tibeto-Burman languages;the most part, speak Tibeto-Burman languages;
  26. 26. ETHNIC DIVERSETHNIC DIVERSITYITY  Unity holds tightly together the various relationships of ethnic groups orUnity holds tightly together the various relationships of ethnic groups or institution in a detailed manner through the bonds of contrived structures,institution in a detailed manner through the bonds of contrived structures, norms and values. It has also been described as a social psychologicalnorms and values. It has also been described as a social psychological condition. However, unity does not mean uniformity which implies similaritycondition. However, unity does not mean uniformity which implies similarity unity may be born out of similarity. Macionis John, define as “ethnos in theunity may be born out of similarity. Macionis John, define as “ethnos in the narrow meaning of word in the most general form can be defined as anarrow meaning of word in the most general form can be defined as a historically formed community of the people possessing common relativelyhistorically formed community of the people possessing common relatively stable, specific features of culture as well being aware of their unity andstable, specific features of culture as well being aware of their unity and difference from their communities”.difference from their communities”.  Ethnic group is a social category of people who shared common culture,Ethnic group is a social category of people who shared common culture, common language or dialect, a common religion, a common norm,common language or dialect, a common religion, a common norm, practices, customs and history. Ethnic group have a consciousness of theirpractices, customs and history. Ethnic group have a consciousness of their own culture bound. India is an ethnological museum. The waves ofown culture bound. India is an ethnological museum. The waves of immigration have drawn the ancestors of the majority of present populationimmigration have drawn the ancestors of the majority of present population into India from the surrounding territories across the Himalayas. 1. Theinto India from the surrounding territories across the Himalayas. 1. The Negrito, 2. Proto – Austroloid, 3. Mongoloids, 4. Mediterranean or Dravidian,Negrito, 2. Proto – Austroloid, 3. Mongoloids, 4. Mediterranean or Dravidian, 5. Western Brachycephals, 6. Nordic Aryans5. Western Brachycephals, 6. Nordic Aryans
  27. 27. POLITICAL UNITYPOLITICAL UNITY  India is a plural society both in letter and spirit. It isIndia is a plural society both in letter and spirit. It is rightly characterized by its unity and diversity. Nationalrightly characterized by its unity and diversity. National unity and integrity have been maintained even thoughunity and integrity have been maintained even though sharp economic and social inequalities have obstructedsharp economic and social inequalities have obstructed the emergence of egalitarian from other parts of thethe emergence of egalitarian from other parts of the world and the existence of diverse language, culturesworld and the existence of diverse language, cultures and religions have made India’s culture tolerance. Pastand religions have made India’s culture tolerance. Past independent India is a nation united against several adsindependent India is a nation united against several ads and obstacles’. The country is inhabited by peopleand obstacles’. The country is inhabited by people belonging to all socio-economic strata. The five yearbelonging to all socio-economic strata. The five year plans and several other developmental schemes areplans and several other developmental schemes are geared to the upliftment of the poor and weaker sectionsgeared to the upliftment of the poor and weaker sections of societyof society
  28. 28. RELIGIONS, CASTE ANDRELIGIONS, CASTE AND CLASS IN INDIACLASS IN INDIA  There are two main forms of social stratification-caste and class.There are two main forms of social stratification-caste and class. Both are the agencies of social mobility and selection. They decideBoth are the agencies of social mobility and selection. They decide largely the position that a man occupies in society. The range oflargely the position that a man occupies in society. The range of one's social contracts is almost fixed by one's status in society.one's social contracts is almost fixed by one's status in society. Caste is associated above all the cultures of the IndianCaste is associated above all the cultures of the Indian subcontinent. The term ‘Caste’ itself is not an Indian one, comingsubcontinent. The term ‘Caste’ itself is not an Indian one, coming from the Portuguese ‘Caste’ meaning, ‘race’ or ‘pure stock’. Indiansfrom the Portuguese ‘Caste’ meaning, ‘race’ or ‘pure stock’. Indians themselves have no single term for describing the caste system asthemselves have no single term for describing the caste system as a whole but a variety of words referring to different aspects of it, thea whole but a variety of words referring to different aspects of it, the two main ones being varna and Jati. The Varna consists of fourtwo main ones being varna and Jati. The Varna consists of four categories, each ranked differently in terms of social honour. Belowcategories, each ranked differently in terms of social honour. Below these four groupings are the 'untouchables', those in the lowestthese four groupings are the 'untouchables', those in the lowest position of all. The Jati are locally defined groups within which theposition of all. The Jati are locally defined groups within which the caste ranks are organized.caste ranks are organized.
  29. 29. SUBJECTSUBJECT TEACHERTEACHER MRS. RATNAMRS. RATNA SRIVASTAVASRIVASTAVA
  30. 30. GROUPGROUP LEADERLEADER AMANAMAN GUPTAGUPTA
  31. 31. GROUPGROUP MEMBERSMEMBERS Aditya SinghAditya Singh  Aditya PathakAditya Pathak  Akhand Pratap SinghAkhand Pratap Singh  Anubhav AsthanaAnubhav Asthana  Akhil TiwariAkhil Tiwari  Aman GuptaAman Gupta  Ansh SharmaAnsh Sharma  Kumar GauravKumar Gaurav
  32. 32. THANK THANK YOU YOU

×