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Cobit 5 - An Overview

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A Brief overview of COBIT 5. Can be referred as conceptual note on COBIT. By Anurag Purohit. MILES Series.

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Cobit 5 - An Overview

  1. 1. Anurag Purohit MILES Series
  2. 2. References.. • ISACA.org • CISA Manual • CISM Manual • CRISC Manual • Various Publications of COBIT • ISO.org • PMI.org • Google.com and many other websites for diagrams, logos and Pictures • IBM.com • Microsoft.com • Breach of copyright is totally unintentional and for knowledge sharing purpose only. • View Presented in the Presentation are purely author’s understanding of the subject. It may defer than the actual subject.
  3. 3. Let’s Start …
  4. 4. IT and it’s Implementation.. Some of the Exciting, Notable And Sometimes Confusing Common Phrases and Challenging (or Alien) Terms Generally We Come Across
  5. 5. IT projects fail to deliver what they promised Restrictions in IT – Hurdle in business strategy IT is not Available %of critical business processes Control cost of IT Enough people, skill levels and performances Assurance over IT Information is secured IT projects fail to deliver what they promised Restrictions in IT – Hurdle in business strategy IT is not available %of critical business processes
  6. 6. Efficient and resilient IT operation Value from IT User satisfaction Levels and quality of IT Services Are we exploiting new technologies for new strategic opportunities Structure my IT Dependency on external providers Management of outsourcing agreements Control cost of IT Enough people, skill levels and performances Assurance over IT Information is secured
  7. 7. These are Some Common Concerns About Management & Governance of IT and Related Technologies
  8. 8. So..? So What … There is a Solution
  9. 9. If You’re looking forward for the Solution…then Refer Control Objectives for Information & Related Technologies
  10. 10. COBIT Is a Business Framework for the Governance & Management of Enterprise IT
  11. 11. Generates Optimal Value from IT By Benefit Realization Risk Optimization Resource Optimization
  12. 12. Based on Key Principles
  13. 13. Meeting Stakeholders Needs
  14. 14. Covering Enterprise End to End
  15. 15. Applying a Single Integrated Framework
  16. 16. Enabling a Holistic Approach
  17. 17. Separating Management From Governance
  18. 18. No ..
  19. 19. COBIT 5 Principles Meeting Stakeholders Needs Goals Cascade Covering Enterprise End to End Governance Enablers Governance Scope Roles, Activities and Relationships Applying a Single Integrated Framework Framework Integrator Enabling a Holistic Approach Enablers Interconnected Enablers Enabler Dimensions Enabler’s Performance Management Separating Management From Governance Governance & Management COBIT 5 Process Reference Model
  20. 20. So… We Have Challenges And We Have 5 Principles that Gives the Solution 1 •Meeting Stakeholders Needs 2 •Covering Enterprise End to End 3 •Applying a Single Integrated Framework 4 •Enabling a Holistic Approach 5 •Separating Management From Governance
  21. 21. Principle 1 Meeting Stakeholder’s Need
  22. 22. Stakeholder’s Need - Fear of Unknown • What stakeholder needs? • Governance Objectives? • Enterprise Goals? • IT Goals? • Can I relate these goals with Governance Objectives? • Relation Between Enterprise Goals and IT Goals • Relation Between IT Goals and Process (or any Enablers' Goal) • Relation Between Stakeholders Needs and Enterprise Goals
  23. 23. What stakeholder needs? COBIT 5 Provides Generic S/H Needs Statements e.g.
  24. 24. Governance Objectives? COBIT 5 Provides 3 Standard Governance Objectives
  25. 25. Enterprise Goals? COBIT 5 Provides 17 Generic Enterprise Goals and their relationship with Governance Objectives
  26. 26. IT Goals? COBIT 5 Provides 17 Generic IT Goals
  27. 27. Relation Between Enterprise Goals and IT Goals COBIT 5 Provides Mapping of Enterprise and IT Goals
  28. 28. Hence with COBIT 5 • We can write an statement of Stakeholder’s Need from a give list of generic Stakeholder's Goals • These Statements can be mapped with Selected Enterprise Goals • Enterprise Goals Can be than Mapped with Selected IT Goals • Subsequently, Enabler Goals (e.g. Processes) can be derived from the Selected IT Goals
  29. 29. This will Result in
  30. 30. COBIT 5 Principles • Meeting Stakeholders Needs • Covering Enterprise End to End • Applying a Single Integrated Framework • Enabling a Holistic Approach • Separating Management From Governance
  31. 31. Covering Enterprise End to End Means… Seamless Integration of Enterprise Governance With Enterprise IT Governance i.e. covering all internal and external IT Services & business processes of the Enterprise
  32. 32. Seamless Integration of Enterprise Governance With Enterprise IT Governance Means Managed flow of Information COBIT 5 Treats Information as One of the Enabler
  33. 33. Information – An Enabler • The COBIT 5 Allows every stakeholder to define their requirement for information and the information processing life cycle. • Hence, connecting business and its need for adequate information and IT function in term supporting the business and context focus.
  34. 34. The Approach of the Governance is
  35. 35. Along with Governance Objectives, the COBIT 5 Provides Governance Enablers organizational resources for governance such as Governance Scope Governance of Roles, Activities and Relationships • Frameworks • Principles • Structures • Processes & practices • Service Capabilities (IT Infrastructure, applications etc.) • people and Information •Enterprise, an entity or an asset •Who is involved in governance •how they are involved •What they do and •How they interact within the scope of any governance system.
  36. 36. COBIT 5 Principles • Meeting Stakeholders Needs • Covering Enterprise End to End • Applying a Single Integrated Framework • Enabling a Holistic Approach • Separating Management From Governance
  37. 37. Means What ?
  38. 38. There are Many Recommended Standards, Frameworks and Best Practices Available in the Market
  39. 39. COBIT 5 Aligns with Latest Relevant Standards and Frameworks and hence can be Used as The Primary or Umbrella Framework For Integrating Various Governance and Management Frameworks
  40. 40. COBIT 5 Principles • Meeting Stakeholders Needs • Covering Enterprise End to End • Applying a Single Integrated Framework • Enabling a Holistic Approach • Separating Management From Governance
  41. 41. Enabling Holistic Approach Means Govern and Manage IT on Enterprise Level While Considering Full end-to-end Business and IT Functional Areas + IT Related Interests of All Stakeholders (Internal and External)
  42. 42. COBIT 5 Achieve it By Means of Enterprise Wide Enablers
  43. 43. Enablers are factors that, Individually and/or Collectively influence whether Something will work In our case it is Governance and Management of Enterprise IT
  44. 44. Enablers are Driven by the Goals Cascade. Higher Level IT related goals define what the different enablers should achieve. * Appendix and Other references are provided here from COBIT 5 reference.
  45. 45. COBIT 5 Describes 7 Different Categories of Enablers
  46. 46. An Enterprise Must Consider Interconnected Enablers For Achieving Systematic Governance and Management
  47. 47. An Enabler Needs the i/p from other enabler to be fully effective i.e. process need info, organizational structure needs skill and behavior An Enabler Delivers o/p for the benefit of other enabler i.e. process deliver info, skill and behavior make process sufficient
  48. 48. So.. • When dealing with governance and management of enterprise IT, good decisions can be taken only when this systematic nature of governance and management is taken into account. • It means to deal with any stakeholder’s need, all interrelated enablers have to be analyzed for relevance and addressed if required.
  49. 49. Challenges With the Enablers Is there a Common, Simple and Structured way to deal with enablers? How to allow an entity to manage its complex interactions? How to Facilitate successful outcome of the enablers?
  50. 50. For this, in COBIT All Enablers share a set of Common Dimensions
  51. 51. This Set of Common Dimensions • Provides a common, simple and structured way to deal with enablers • Allow an entity to manage its complex interactions • Facilitate successful outcome of the enablers
  52. 52. Deals with Actual Outcome of the Indicator Deals with Functioning of Enablers
  53. 53. Enabler Example Principles, Policies and Frameworks
  54. 54. Enabler Example Process
  55. 55. Example: Enabler –Process Just for Reference
  56. 56. COBIT 5 Principles • Meeting Stakeholders Needs • Covering Enterprise End to End • Applying a Single Integrated Framework • Enabling a Holistic Approach • Separating Management From Governance
  57. 57. Governance and Management Two Disciplines Encompasses Different Types of Activities, Require Different Organizational Structures and Serve Different Purposes.
  58. 58. COBIT 5 Makes Clear Distinction Between Governance and Management
  59. 59. Governance • Ensures that Stakeholder’s needs, conditions and options are evaluated to determine balanced, agreed-on-enterprise objectives to be achieved • Sets directions through prioritization and decision making • And monitors performance and compliance against agreed on direction and objectives.
  60. 60. Management Plans, builds, runs and monitor activities in alignment with the direction set by the governance body to achieve enterprise objectives
  61. 61. COBIT 5 Recommends that an Enterprise must Implement Governance and Management Processes Such that all the Key Areas are Covered
  62. 62. Key Areas of Governance and Management
  63. 63. COBIT Provides Process Reference Model To Clearly Identify and Segregate Key Areas in these Domains
  64. 64. COBIT 5 Process Reference Model
  65. 65. Defines and Describes (in detail) a Number of Governance and Management Processes Represents all of the Processes Normally found in an Enterprise Relating to IT Activities
  66. 66. • Provides a common reference model understandable to operational IT and business managers. • A complete, comprehensive model, but it is not the only possible process model • Allows an enterprise to define its own process set based on its structure and work culture Process Reference Model Also
  67. 67. ?Advantages of the Process Model
  68. 68. Incorporating an operational model and a common language for all parts of the enterprise involved in IT activities is one of the most important and critical steps towards good governance
  69. 69. The Process Model Framework • Can be a critical tool in measuring and monitoring IT performance and Providing IT assurance • Can help in establishing effective Communication with service providers and • Helps in Integrating best management practices.
  70. 70. The Process Reference Model Divides the Governance and Management Processes of Enterprise IT into 2 Main Process Domains
  71. 71. Governance Domain Contains Five Governance Processes Within each process Evaluate, Direct and Monitor (EDM) Practices are defined
  72. 72. Management Domain Contains four domains These domains are in line with the responsibility areas of Plan, Build, Run and Monitor (PBRM) and Hence provides end-to-end coverage of IT.
  73. 73. The names of the domains are chosen in line with these main area designations, but contain more verbs to describe them: – Align, Plan and Organise (APO) – Build, Acquire and Implement (BAI) – Deliver, Service and Support (DSS) – Monitor, Evaluate and Assess (MEA)
  74. 74. • Each domain contain number of processes • Most of these processes require planning, Implementation, execution and monitoring activities
  75. 75. In total COBIT 5 Provide a set of 37 Governance and Management Processes
  76. 76. The details of all processes, according to the process model are included in “COBIT 5: Enabling Processes”
  77. 77. Thanks You may reach me at purohitanu@gmail.com

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