Insufficient trainingWork overloadPoor fit between abilities and skillsPressure to work for long hoursJob characteristicsConflicting job demandsUnclear job expectationsPressure of responsibilityTime pressuresLack of resources to perform jobLack of informationLack of collaborationRelationships with subordinatesWorking conditions
Find themList themLook at them in all possible anglesIdentify solutionsConsider solutionsPlanRehearseExecuteTake feed back Repeat if necessary
„Stress is not a reaction.Rather, it is the price we payfor the "civilized" life we live which by the way, is not civilized at all.‟ YOVKO BONEV
TYPES OF STRESS Positive: Eustress • Enables concentration • Increase Performance • Energize you in to action Negative: Distress • Loss of Motivation • Reduces effectiveness • Physical, Mental and Behavioral Problems
•The Worrier Voice - “What if…..?” Make a plan then get it out of your head.•The Critic Voice - “How stupid…..” Recognize what is really true.•The Victim Voice - “I’ll never be able to…..” There is always something to do to work toward a goal.•The Perfectionist - “I should……” Assess your unrealistic expectations of yourself
GARBAGE IN = GARBAGE OUTCumulative Stress Heart Disease Ugly Health Hypertension Habits Arthritis Headache Stroke Irritable Bowel Cancer Diabetes
CURRENT TREND IN SPIRITUAL STRATEGIES 1.Many studies have provided evidence that religion and spirituality are positively Positive associated with many indicators indicators of of mental health. mental health 2. The positive psychology movement supports and stimulates by the current Positive professional interest in Positive source of spirituality.Psychology energy 3. Mental health practitioners who wished to include religion and spirituality as part of treatment.
PROBLEMS IN SPIRITUAL STRATEGIES People worships idols not the ideals behind it Dysfunctional religious and spiritual beliefs and practices Cultural influence over the concept of religion / spirituality Many people have doubt about the religious / spiritual concepts Exploitation in the name of spirituality by the authorities
STANDARD STRESS-REACTION MODEL A threat exists The person to a persons becomes The threat is need aware of the appraised fulfillment or threat motives Alternatives• What is the source • Fight of threat • Yes : Coping • Flight• Do I have process alternatives • No : Do I have enough power to Response is attack Response needed
“The best way to predict your future is to create it.”
THE PSYCHOLOGICAL INSIGHT MODELThe psychological insight of Zimbardo (1985):"Stress is the pattern of specific and nonspecificresponses an organism makes to stimulus eventsthat disturb its equilibrium and tax or exceed itsability to cope,""A stressor is a stimulus event that places ademand on an organism for some kind ofadoptive response"
ABC STRATEGY How do you react?AWARENESS What causes you stress? How much can you cope with BALANCE before it becomes negative ? What can you do to help yourself CONTROL combat the negative effects of stress ?
STRATEGIC MATRIX Urgent Not Urgent •Assignment deadlines •Reading lecture notesImportant •Exams •Personal development •Emergencies •Planned study •Exercise/ Health •Some e-mails and phone calls •Excessive TV or surfing the net •Meetings/ Events/ Occasions •Time wastersNot important •Some phone calls