What Are Satellite Townships?
A satellite town or satellite city is a concept in urban planning that
refers essentially to smaller metropolitan areas which are located
somewhat near to, but are mostly independent of, larger metropolitan
6. Development of Satellite Townships
Town or a city reach a certain limit of congestion and exhaustion
Land Shortage , Inadequate Transportation.
predate the metropolis' suburban expansion
At least partially independent from that metropolis economically and
Physically separated from the metropolis by rural territory or by a
major geographic barrier such as a large river; satellite cities should
have their own independent urbanized area, or equivalent
Have their own bedroom communities
Have a traditional downtown surrounded by traditional "inner city"
May or may not be counted as part of the large metropolis' Combined
8. Need For Satellite Town
Severe uncontrolled growth of
Problem in managing already
over strained cities
increase in the demand for
infrastructure facilities and
land shortage, housing shortfall,
9. Need For Satellite Town
Challenges in management of
essential infrastructure like
solid waste disposal
10. Need For Satellite Town
Tremendous strain on the delivery of
services in major cities due to the
concentration of economic activities
Need for decentralization of activities
so as to reduce the burden on these
Satellite townships have their own local government and corporate
They have all the necessary amenities and facilities present within
their limits except for a few purposes like employment and sometimes
education, they have to depend on the main city i.e. the parent city.
Transportation means such as buses, trains etc all connect the various
satellite townships to the main city so that travelling to the main city
for work is not an issue. It is free to decide its economic, social and
Satellite townships generally develop beyond the green belt of the
setting up of industries is prohibited in Satellite townships. It is mainly
a residential area having only local shops, schools for children, etc.
Zoning regulations are not an issue in the development of satellite
These townships never become a rival to their parent city because
their size and development is restricted and controlled.
satellite townships are considered as a part of the market for some
goods and services that are produced in the parent city (some times)
13. Admissible Components
Central assistance will be admissible for the following components
Water supply and sanitation
Sewerage and solid waste management
Capacity building assistance
Sewerage and solid waste
To adopt innovative public – private partnerships models for
development of satellite towns.
Earmarking 10-15% of housing sites for the urban poor
i.e,Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) / Low Income Group (LIG)
17. c. Reform of property tax with Geographical Information System (GIS)
and arrangements for its effective implementation so as to raise
collection efficiency to 85 per cent.
d. Levy of reasonable user charges, with the objective that full cost of
operation and maintenance is collected within some years.
e. Internal earmarking of budgets
for basic services to the urban poor
f. Earmarking of housing sites for
the urban poor
g. Formulating bye laws which shall
incorporate provisions for disaster
management, rainwater harvesting,
reuse and recycle of waste water,
barrier free environment and
structural safety and shall also be in
strict compliance with the National
City Development Plan for Satellite Town
Preparation of City Region Plan
Integration of Planning Process between the Mother City and
Appraisal of City Development Plan
Detailed Project Report
Appraisal of Detailed Projects Reports
Sanction and monitoring of Projects under the Scheme
Monitoring and Evaluation
21. City Development Plan for Satellite Town
A City Development Plan (CDP) shall be prepared for the satellite town
by the ULB or some other agency designated for the purpose
Planning on concept of continuity, compactness and self –
Each part of the township while being self-sufficient in itself should
form an integral part of the town as a whole having clear functional
linkages with the mother city and other urban centers
The planning of satellite town may adopt different kind of
development i.e. low-rise and low-density development/high rise
medium density or high-rise and high-density development depending
on the local and felt demand.
22. City Development Plan for
The planning of the town shall address environmental
sustainability issues, green buildings and disaster mitigation
Incremental approach in providing for infrastructure /
have rational and judicious use of scarce resources both in
the form ofland and fiscal resources.
23. Preparation of City Region Plan
The concerned ULB should prepare a City Region Plan, which should contain:
Delineation of area based on physical and socio-economic linkages
Land use and network
Environmentally sensitive zones.
Addressing prominent concerns of major sectors of the economy,
24. Integration of Planning Process between
the Mother City and Satellite Towns.
The planning process of the Mother town and the Satellite townships
shall be integrated through inclusion of suitable representation of the
Satellite Township in the Metropolitan Planning Committee of the
25. Outcomes Of Satellite Township
a. Amelioration of population pressure on metropolitan towns.
b. Improved financial management in urban local bodies.
c. Improvement in basic infrastructure and service delivery related to
water supply, sanitation and solid waste management.
d. Improved urban planning