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  1. 1. Polysemy Wilson A. Carrión S. 101719766865512/
  2. 2. Definition Polysemy refers to the situation where the same word has two or more different meaning, In Addition Polysemy is the association of one word with two or more distinct meanings. A polyseme is a word or phrase with multiple meanings.
  3. 3. Problems inherent Despite its apparent simplicity, the concept of polysemy is complex and involves a certain number of problems. We shall consider in turn the number of meanings, transference of meaning and difficulty in recognizing polysemy.
  4. 4. Example Crane 1)a bird 2)a type of construction equipment 3)to strain out one's neck
  5. 5. Homonymy
  6. 6. Definition Homonymy is the relation between words with identical forms but different meanings. In addition, In linguistics, a homonym is one of a group of words that share the same pronunciation but have different meanings.
  7. 7. Example 1)The pair stalk (part of a plant) and stalk (follow/harass a person) 2)The pair left (past tense of leave) and left (opposite of right).
  8. 8. Multiword Lexemes Wilson A. Carrión S.
  9. 9. The Lexeme or Lexical Item Is a ‘unit of lexical meaning, which exists regardless of any inflectional endings it may have or the number of words it may contain’ It is basic unit the meaning and the headwords of the dictionary are all lexemes
  10. 10. More Clearly A lexeme is the smallest or minimal unit of lexicon in a language that bears some “meaning”
  11. 11. Technically A lexeme is an abstract unit of morphological analysis in linguistics, that roughly corresponds to a set of forms taken by a single word.
  12. 12. Technically For example, in the terminology language, run, runs, ran and running are forms of the same lexeme, conventionally written as run.
  13. 13. Morphological Form A lexeme has a morphological form, semantic content (or meaning) and a syntactic category.
  14. 14. Morphological Form For Example the lexeme PLAY can take up many forms like play, playing, plays, and played. All of these word forms have the same basic meaning (which is denoted by an action) and, hence, will be categorised under the same lexeme. The word playing is the participle form of the verb that is used to denote the same action in continuous aspect.
  15. 15. Lexeme is not Lexeme is not equivalent to a word or morpheme in a language. Sometimes, one lexeme can be formed of more than one word and morpheme also. For example, the lexemes like take off and put up with consist of two and three words respectively. The meaning of these lexemes can be determined by taking the constituents together, and not from the individual words taken separately.