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Project Management and the Agile World – Can (and Should) We Build More Bridges?

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Project Management and the Agile World – Can (and Should) We Build More Bridges?

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n this talk, we will look at the history of PMI as well as the organization’s recent transformation journey in attempts to get closer to the agile world (and why they are doing that). This will lead us to discuss Disciplined Agile and what it now represents since its acquisition by PMI in 2019. Let’s also take a quick glance at some other well-known organizations in the project management space, such as IPMA, SAFe, … and how they compare to each other, especially from a practitioner’s point of view. Speaking of practitioners (project managers, project team members, product development experts, and others): Do we know what the people associated with PMI want? And what the people associated with Scrum organizations want? And what about everyone else? Let us look at data that we have and also use instant audience surveys, in an attempt to answer the question: What are the needs of the people working “out there” and how are these needs understood and met (or not met) by the professional associations that they can connect with? Are there any fields that the people feel are not tackled by either organization and standards (enough)? In the end, how could we get their perspectives closer together and consolidate? Also: Why would we even want to do that - what could be the gain? Some suggestions and ideas, and discussion with the audience members can help us find maybe not all, but some answers to these surely tricky, but interesting questions.

n this talk, we will look at the history of PMI as well as the organization’s recent transformation journey in attempts to get closer to the agile world (and why they are doing that). This will lead us to discuss Disciplined Agile and what it now represents since its acquisition by PMI in 2019. Let’s also take a quick glance at some other well-known organizations in the project management space, such as IPMA, SAFe, … and how they compare to each other, especially from a practitioner’s point of view. Speaking of practitioners (project managers, project team members, product development experts, and others): Do we know what the people associated with PMI want? And what the people associated with Scrum organizations want? And what about everyone else? Let us look at data that we have and also use instant audience surveys, in an attempt to answer the question: What are the needs of the people working “out there” and how are these needs understood and met (or not met) by the professional associations that they can connect with? Are there any fields that the people feel are not tackled by either organization and standards (enough)? In the end, how could we get their perspectives closer together and consolidate? Also: Why would we even want to do that - what could be the gain? Some suggestions and ideas, and discussion with the audience members can help us find maybe not all, but some answers to these surely tricky, but interesting questions.

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Project Management and the Agile World – Can (and Should) We Build More Bridges?

  1. 1. Scrum Day 2022 Project Management and the Agile World – Can (and Should) We Build More Bridges? Scrum Day 2022 © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz
  2. 2. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Born here 40 and then some years ago… …, today:
  3. 3. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Cross-Functionality in Corporate Environments? https://creately.com/diagram/example/g5701q2i3/matrix-structure
  4. 4. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Agenda Some Ideas What do People Want and Need? Other Organizations PM Organizations
  5. 5. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 PMI: Project Management Institute PM Organizations Year of foundation: 1969 Founding members: 5 Members: ~600,000* Membership type: Individuals, students Countries with members: >200* Chapters >300 * per 2020
  6. 6. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Evolution of the PMBOK / PMBOK® Guide PM Organizations 182 216 388 459 586 756 300 37 39 44 42 47 49 0 10 20 30 40 50 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2017 2021 Pages Processes 250- 300 >5 Million copies in circulation 12 Languages Graphic: Oliver F. Lehmann https://standardsplus.pmi.org/
  7. 7. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 PMP Exam Content Outline Exam syllabus (guiding exam content document) PM Organizations Graphic: Oliver F. Lehmann
  8. 8. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 DA Mindset PM Organizations Disciplined Agile is a tool kit of strategies to help organizations be more successful with agile It brings an agnostic enterprise approach to agile Graphic: PMI
  9. 9. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 DA Mindset PM Organizations Graphic: PMI
  10. 10. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Disciplined Agile Across the Enterprise PM Organizations Graphic: PMI
  11. 11. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Process Goal Diagrams PM Organizations https://www.pmi.org/disciplined-agile/da-browser
  12. 12. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 IPMA: International Project Management Association PM Organizations Year of foundation: 1964 (as „INTERNET“), 1996: name change to IPMA Founding members: 5 Members: GPM: >8,000 Membership type: Individual, consultant, emeritus, student Countries with members: >80 Local country organizations 82 per 2022
  13. 13. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Evolution of Project Management & Organizations PM Organizations https://tinyurl.com/2p8s4thz
  14. 14. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Evolution of Project Management & Organizations PM Organizations
  15. 15. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Evolution of Project Management & Organizations PM Organizations
  16. 16. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Agenda Some Ideas What do People Want and Need? Other Organizations PM Organizations
  17. 17. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Other Organizations & Approaches Selection: - SAFe - Lean
  18. 18. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 SAFe Other Organizations & Approaches www.scaledagileframework.com SAFe Configurations For whom? Purpose? Essential Team and Program Level Teams/companies that want to start soon and quickly with the minimum elements of SAFe Large Solution Team and Program Level Companies with larger undertakings Portfolio Team, Program, and Portfolio Level Companies with several larger undertakings in the form of portfolios managed using SAFe Full Entire Enterprise All previous levels integrated - large undertakings with >100 people involved.
  19. 19. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 SAFe Other Organizations & Approaches https://twitter.com/twhaas/status/1089830019667501058/photo/1 Often heard pros + Good starting point for organizations that have little to no experience with agile + Offers tradeoffs to organizations with high governance needs (ex. highly regulated environments) + Can work with context-oriented expert guidance + PI (program increment) planning events one of the highlights Often heard cons − Builds on introduction of many additional roles and hierarchy levels − Not agile enough for many (or not at all) − Command & control habits may persist − Can be an (unnecessarily?) rocky road to agility
  20. 20. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 State of Agile Other Organizations & Approaches
  21. 21. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Other Organizations & Approaches Quality Delivery times Cost Lean ~since the 1950s inspired Scrum Framework ~1995 Agile Manifesto 2001 has brought to emergence Kanban
  22. 22. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Lean Other Organizations & Approaches Often heard pros + Good for agile teams that want to deliver continuously instead of iteratively + Not just for projects, but suitable for all types of work (operations, team of teams,...) + Proven positive effects: E.g. more and better transparency, visualization, collaboration, self- organization and ownership, system optimization.... + Practiced at least to some extent in a majority of companies Often heard cons − Originates from production / manufacturing - does not "fit" for knowledge work − Gentle change may be too slow for some − Needs good guidance, many don’t know about everything it has to offer – teams often just use post-its on boards as a simple tool and call it Kanban
  23. 23. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Agenda Some Ideas What do People Want and Need? Other Organizations PM Organizations
  24. 24. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Survey On a Scale From 1-5, how familiar were you with the organizations and approaches presented here?
  25. 25. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Survey What kind of support should professional organizations generally offer, or offer more of?
  26. 26. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Agenda Some Ideas What do People Want and Need? Other Organizations PM Organizations
  27. 27. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Situational Project Management Some Ideas Project, Program, and Portfolio management as a method and leadership task in a specific environment 3 global standards Reach Content Logo Version Date
  28. 28. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 DA Tactical Scaling Factors Some Ideas
  29. 29. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Hybrid Approaches Some Ideas https://www.theprojectgroup.com/de/download/projektmanagement-agil-hybrid#c323022 CUSTOMER PROJECTS PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
  30. 30. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Cross-Over Project Navigator Some Ideas https://pm-botschaft.com/cross-over-project-navigator/
  31. 31. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Discussion “Moving the Scrum Downfield” might work better without “parallel” worlds (classical project and agile environments)
  32. 32. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Discussion Do you think we need to build more bridges between the Project Management world and the Agile world?
  33. 33. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Q&A Any questions?
  34. 34. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Wrap-Up Your takeaways
  35. 35. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Wrap-Up Feedback https://forms.gle/PANaLZigfnXaYZmB8
  36. 36. Scrum Day 2022 Thank you!
  37. 37. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 PM Organizations
  38. 38. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Most Widespread Certification: Project Management Professional (PMP) PM Organizations Exam Members $405 €340 Nonmembers $555 €465 Certification renewal after 3-years cycle Members $60 -- Nonmembers $150 -- Membership, annual fee Regular $129 Number of PMP- certified persons (by end of 2019): ~1,000,000; of which in Germany: ~15,000 Before 1998: 5000; then: decision in to offer the credential globally
  39. 39. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 PMI: Project Management Institute PM Organizations United States 54.0% Canada 9.5% India 4.2% Japan 2.0% Brazil 1.9% China 1.7% Australia 1.7% Germany 1.5% United Kingdom 1.3% Spain 1.3% Saudi Arabia 1.2% France 1.2% Italy 1.1% Singapore 1.1% United Arab Emirates 1.0% Others 15.2% Top 15 countries with PMI® Members per 03-2019 Graphic: Oliver F. Lehmann
  40. 40. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 PMI Global Executive Council PM Organizations per 2020
  41. 41. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 More on Disciplined Agile • PMI.org/disciplined-agile • PMI members can download the Choose Your WoW book from pmi.org PM Organizations
  42. 42. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Certifications: IPMA Levels (Germany) PM Organizations Level Type of test Price in € w/o prior level members / non-members With prior level Basic Level CBT 1.5 hrs 225/203 Level D CBT 3 hrs (or 1.5 hrs + report) 630/567 Lower price: 450/405 Level C CBT 2 hrs + report + workshop + interview 1935/1742 no workshop Level B CBT 1.5 hrs + report + workshop + interview 1935/1742 no workshop Level A Report + interview 2475 / 2228 hybrid+ CBT 2 hrs 290 / 261 Membership, annual fee Individual, regular $156 Numbe certified end of ~1,000 of whic ~15,00
  43. 43. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Other Organizations & Approaches
  44. 44. © 2022 Antje Lehmann-Benz Scrum Day 2022 Topics - PMI history (starting from the mid 1990s: looking in parallel also at how Scrum developed) - Present situation: PMI and its journey to get closer to the agile world (and why they're doing that), - Focus on Disciplined Agile - Quick glance at some other organizations such as IPMA, SAFe, … - What do the people associated with PMI (data, surveys, examples) want? - What do the people associated with Scrum want? (instant audience survey) - Which fields do practitioners feel are not tackled (enough) by either organization, or by their published standards? - How can we get these perspectives closer together and consolidate; also, why would we even want to do that - what could be the gain? Some suggestions and ideas - Discussion

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