Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety: EU Regional EHS Regulatory Highlights

172 views

Published on

This deck includes information on EU- and country-specific regulations on life safety, emergency response plans, and fire safety. It lists specific laws and regulations.
This handout was distributed at the spring 2018 EHSxTech Paris meeting.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety: EU Regional EHS Regulatory Highlights

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY ® EU Regional EHS Regulatory Highlights: Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Paris April 5, 2018
  2. 2. ® Country Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Emergency Response Plans Emergency Response Teams Drills AEDs Required?* Required?* Required?* Required?* Austria Yes Yes Yes No Belgium Yes Yes Yes No Denmark Yes No No No Finland Yes Yes Yes/RA No France Yes Yes Yes No Germany Yes Yes Yes Yes/RA Ireland Yes Yes/RA Yes No Israel Yes Yes Yes Yes Italy Yes Yes Yes No Netherlands Yes Yes Yes/RA No Poland Yes Yes Yes No Spain Yes Yes Yes/RA Yes/RA Sweden Yes Yes Yes No United Kingdom Yes Yes Yes No Yes= Required as Prescribed by the Regulation Yes/RA= May be Required if Identified in a Risk Assessment No= Not Required / No Regulation 1
  3. 3. Country Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Emergency Response Plans Emergency Response Teams Drills AEDs Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Austria Fire safety officers must have at least 16 hours of training in the field of fire protection in accordance with the guidelines of the fire bri- gades or fire prevention agencies, or another, at least equivalent training (§ 43 (2) Workplace Order). In case the authorities consider necessary a fire safety officer, the authority also deter- mines the number of safety officers and supporting personell (fire wards). First aiders in offices: • 1 first aider: at up to 29 regularly at the same time employed workers • 2 first aiders: at 30 to 49 regularly at the same time employed workers • + 1 addional first aider: for every 20 regular- ly at the same time employed workers Just in case a fire safety officer has to be appointed by the authorities, a fire alarm and evacuation exercise has to be carried out at least once a year (§ 45 (5) Occupational Health and Safety Act). N/A Belgium Codex on Welfare Art. I.2-23 and Art. III.3-23: Emergency plan is needed, including informa- tion and instructions in the event of emergen- cy, safety exercises, evacuation, and first aid response and measures aimed at preventing post traumatic stress. Codex on Welfare Art. III.3-7: Employer must appoint and train a sufficient number of em- ployees to act as “service against fire” team. Codex on Welfare Art. III.3-26: evacuation drills must be done at least once a year. N/A Denmark Executive Order on the Conditions at Perma- nent Places of Work, Article 10 (2) Safe escape and rescue routes for persons shall be provid- ed on the worksite. Working Environment Act, Article 15a 1084 of 19 September 2017 Safe escape and rescue routes for persons shall be provided on the worksite. N/A Not obligatory to have drills, but recommend- ed. As minimum instruction on emergency plans part of introduction/instruction for new employees or in case of changes on the work place. Working Environment Act, Article 17 1084 of 19 September 2017 N/A ® 2
  4. 4. Country Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Emergency Response Plans Emergency Response Teams Drills AEDs Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Finland Occupational Safety and Health Act 738/2002, Section 32(3) There must be a sufficient number of emergency escape routes and exits. These must be kept unobstructed and appro- priated signposted. Rescue Act (379/2011), Section 15 An emer- gency plan covering the measures referred to in section 14 shall be drawn up for a building or other site which, with regard to evacuation safety or rescue operations, is exceptionally demanding or where the risk to the safety of persons or to fire safety or the risk to the en- vironment or cultural property, or the damage caused by any accident, may be considered serious. The drawing up of the emergency plan is the responsibility of the occupant of the building or the site. If more than one business and industrial operator operates in the building, the occupant of the building shall draw up the emergency plan in cooperation with the business and industrial operators. The emergency plan shall contain the details of: (see full text) According to 407/2011 (Government decree on rescue activities) 1§, if workplace is usually occupied by at least 50 persons, the above- mentioned emergency plan is needed. See 407/2011 2§ for details regarding the contents of the emergency plan. (http://www.finlex.fi/ fi/laki/ajantasa/2011/20110407) Occupational Safety and Health Act 738/2002, Section 47 The employer must appoint and train a sufficient number of employees to carry out first aid and fire evacuation duties, based on the nature of the work, the particular risks involved, and the size of the workplace. Employees are required to cooperate with the employer in this regard. Occupational Safety and Health Act 738/2002, Section 44 Employees to be provided with training and information on emergency pro- cedures and actions to be taken following an accident. In accordance with Occupational Safety and Health Act 738/2002 section 10, a risk assess- ment is the basis for determining the level, training and equipment for first aid. Whilst an AED can be part of the equipment ithis is not a requirement, and any decision should be based on risk assessment that takes into account i.a. the nature of the work and the abilities of the staff to use equipment. In accordance with 708/2013 (Government Decree on the principles of good occupational health care practice, the content of occupa- tional health care and the qualifications of professionals and experts), Section 11, The need for first aid resources must be assessed in the workplace investigation. Planning must have regard to the need for first aid skills and equipment and the special demands of the workplace.Planning must take account of the first aid preparedness necessary in major accidents. France Article R4216-1 to R4216-34 and R4227-1 to R4227-57 of the Labour Code Articles of the Labour Code provide detailed requirement regarding fire fighting and emergency organiza- tion and means. Labor code, Art. R4227-37 & 38 Fire safety instructions displayed throughout building Labor code, Art. R4227-29 The employer shall take the necessary measures to ensure that any outbreak of fire can be fought quickly and effectively in the interests of rescuing workers. Article R4224-16 of the Labour Code “(...) The employer takes all necessary measures to ensure first aid to people injured or ill. (...)” Labor code, Art. R4224-14 The workplaces are equipped with first aid equipment adapted to the nature of the risks and easily accessible. Labor code, Art. L4121-1: The employer shall take adapted measure to ensure the safety of his employees, including: evacuation, response team, first aid personnel Training: See sheet “Training” Labor code, Art. R4227-39 Periodic tests and inspections of the fire equipment and drills take place at least every 6 months, during which the personnel learn to recognize the characteristics of the general audible alarm signal, to use the first aid equipment and execute the various necessary maneuvers. N/A ® 3
  5. 5. Country Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Emergency Response Plans Emergency Response Teams Drills AEDs Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Germany Ordinance of Workplaces (ArbStättV) § 4 and Technical Rules for Workplaces “ASR A2.3 Es- cape Routes, Emergency Exits and Escape and Rescue Plan” No. 9. The employer shall draw up an escape and rescue plan (Flucht- und Rettungswegeplan) if the location, extension and nature of the use of the workplace render this necessary. The plan must be laid out or displayed at suitable points in the workplace. Evacuation drills must be performed regularly in accordance to this plan. The plan must indicate all relevant safety installations and must be kept up-to-date. GUV-V A1 Section 22 and Technical Rules for Workplaces ASR A2.2 Measures against Fire Section 6.2 There is a need for the nomination of an adequate number of fire wardens (Brand- schutzhelfer). A share of at least 5% of the em- ployees is recommended but the exact amount must be determined in accordance to the risk assessment. Training is required. According to § 26 (1) DGUV-V1, the employer must ensure, that first-aiders are provided for first-aid activities in sufficient number: 1) at least one first aider is required in facilities with 2 to 20 present employees 2) In facilities with more than 20 present employees for administrative- and trading enterprises a share of 5% of the employees The number of first aiders according to num- ber 2 may be deviated in agreement with the casualty insurer, taking into account the orga- nization of the operational rescue and the risk. Ordinance of Workplaces (ArbStättV) § 4 and Technical Rules for Workplaces “ASR A2.3 Es- cape Routes, Emergency Exits and Escape and Rescue Plan” No. 9. The employer shall draw up an escape and rescue plan (Flucht- und Rettungswegeplan) if the location, extension and nature of the use of the workplace render this necessary. The plan must be laid out or displayed at suitable points in the workplace. Regular emergency drills must be performed in accordance to this plan. It is recommended to perform an unannounced emergency drill at least once a year. The purpose of the drill should be to verify, if: • The alarm can be triggered immediately at any time • The alarm can be recognized by all persons who are in the building • All persons who are in the building are aware of the alarm • The emergency and escape routes can be used quickly and safely. The results of the emergency drills should be documented and kept available. Technical Rules for Workplaces ASR A4.3. Point 3.4 “First Aid Facilities, Facilities and First Aid Facilities”, in the context of the risk assessment to be performed, the employer must independently decide whether to use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) as first aid is required or not. When preparing the risk assessment, it is advised and supported by the specialist for occupational safety and the company doctor. ® 4
  6. 6. Country Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Emergency Response Plans Emergency Response Teams Drills AEDs Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Ireland The Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005. Section 8 (2c ii) the design, provision and maintenance of safe means of access to and egress from the workplace and Section 11 of the 2005 Act states that employers are required to prepare and revise adequate emergency plans and procedures and provide the necessary measures for fire fighting and the evacuation of the workplace. Consider- ation for all employees and anyone connected with the workplace must form part of how an employer addresses the area of safety health and welfare and specifically the provision of emergency access and egress. Control of Major Accident Hazards Involving Dangerous Substances Regulations 2015, Regu- lation 10 requires every operator of a COMAH site (upper and lower tier) to take all measures necessary to prevent major accidents and to limit their consequences for human health and the environment - the roles and responsibil- ities of emergency response team members would be documented in the major accident prevention policy (MAPP). Control of Major Accident Hazards Involving Dangerous Substances Regulations 2015, Part 4 requires the development of internal and ex- ternal emergency plans for Upper Tier COMAH establishments. Sections 8, 9 and 10 of this 2005 Act require that sufficient information, training and super- vision is provided to ensure the safety of em- ployees, and also that such instruction, training etc. must take account of any employees with specific needs, to ensure their protection against dangers that may affect them. Control of Major Accident Hazards Involving Dangerous Substances Regulations 2015, Regu- lation 10 requires every operator of a COMAH site (upper and lower tier) to take all measures necessary to prevent major accidents and to limit their consequences for human health and the environment - the roles and responsibil- ities of emergency response team members would be documented in the major accident prevention policy (MAPP). Under the 2005 Act Emergency procedures must also be in place and practiced to ensure safe evacuation in the event of a fire. Section 11 of the 2005 Act states that employers are required to prepare and revise adequate emergency plans and procedures and provide the necessary measures for fire fighting and the evacuation of the workplace. It is not compulsory for employers to purchase AEDs to comply with the Health and Safety reg- ulations. However, if a risk assessment identi- fies an AED is required then its recommended that staff should be fully trained in its use. Israel Accidents and Occupational Diseases (Notifica- tion) Ordinance, 1945, Article 3 Ministry of Industry Trade and Labor, Labor Laws, “Work Safety Ordinance (New Version) 5730-1970”, CHAPTER THREE: SAFETY, Article Fifteen: Safety Provisions in Case of Fire Ministry of Industry Trade and Labor, Labor Laws, “Labour Inspection (Organisation) Law, 5714-1954”, PART TWO: DELEGATES, COMMITTEES AND SAFETY OFFICER Ministry of Industry Trade and Labor, Labor Laws, “Work Safety Ordinance (New Version) 5730-1970”, CHAPTER THREE: SAFETY, Article Fifteen Drills need to be conducted annualy Ministry of Industry Trade and Labor, Labor Laws, “Work Safety Ordinance (New Version) 5730-1970”, CHAPTER THREE: SAFETY, Article Fifteen Ministry of Industry Trade and Labor, Labor Laws, “Work Safety Ordinance (New Version) 5730-1970”, CHAPTER THREE: SAFETY, Article Fifteen: Safety Provisions in Case of Fire ® 5
  7. 7. Country Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Emergency Response Plans Emergency Response Teams Drills AEDs Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Italy Ministerial Decree July 15th, 2003 n° 388 Ministerial Decree of March 10th, 1998 Presidential Decree n. 151 of August 1st, 2011 In offices with more than 10 workers, the employer has to: • implement an emergency plan, • perform a periodical fire drill, at least yearly. Ministerial Decree July 15th, 2003 n° 388 requires the presence of first aid kit box. As required by articles 3 and 4 of Ministerial Decree of March 10th, 1998, the employer has to: • provide adequate maintenance to fire fighting devices, according to national and European law in force and to technical standards; • provide adequate information and training to workers exposed to emergency risk (according to Annex VII). Specific activities performed, as reported in the Presidential Decree n. 151 of August 1st, 2011, have to be provided with a fire preven- tion certificated issue by the Provincial Fire Brigade. Decree 81/2008, Article 43 and 45 Ministerial Decree March 10th 1998 Ministerial Decree July 15th, 2003 n° 388 The employer must designate and train employees responsible for fire prevention, emergency evacuation, first aid and emergency management, based on the level of risk (low, medium, high). Firefighting: work place fire risk classification is based on criteria defined in Annex IX and I of the Legislative Decree of March 10th, 1998. First Aid: the employer has to train and appoint first aid team. Activities are classified in three groups, based on the size, number of workers and on site health risk factors. First aid team should be trained when appoint- ed, then refreshed every 3 years. As required by Ministerial Decree of March 10th, 1998, in firms/sites with more than 10 workers, the employer has to perform a periodical (at least yearly) fire emergency drill, consisting in the evacuation of the building. Decree 81/08 does not require companies to provide semi-automatic defibrillators, but requires first-aid personnel to be trained. The only structures required to provide semi-automatic defibrillators are the sport facilities as required by Decree June 26th 2017. The presence of semi-automatic defibrilla- tors is recommended in public and private structures with high inflow of users (shopping centers, hotels, hypermarkets, fitness centers, schools, trains and railway stations). Netherlands The Working Conditions Decree, Article 2.5c (following The Working Conditions Act, Article 3-1.e) The internal emergency plan must be form- lated based on the risk assesment (RI&E). The plan will be tested, evaluated and updated at least once every 3 years (or if neccesary). Working Conditions Act article 15 the employer shall seek the assistance of one or more employees who have been designated as emergency response experts (ERT). Best practice is to organise an evacuation drill once a year. Considered Best practice Poland Regulation of the Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration dated June 7, 2010 on the fire safety of buildings and other areas (Official Journal of Laws of 2010, Item 109, No. 719). Article 6. Owners, administrators or users of buildings are obliged to develop and imple- ment fire safety plans and instructions. The fire safety plans and instructions are to be passed to the local fire brigade commander for the purposes of planning, organizing and conduct- ing rescue operations and should be displayed in places accessible to the rescue teams. The manual is to be updated periodically, at least once every 2 years. Labour code (consolidated text Dz.U. 1998 N° 21, item 94) Art. 209. An employer is obliged to provide the means necessary for first aid in an emergency, fire fighting and evacuation of workers. The employer shall appoint Evacuation Leaders responsible for proper evacuation in case of fire or other direct threat. The appoint- ed Leaders shall have proper Training. The number of Evacuation Leaders is based on risk assessment. Regulation of the Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration dated June 7, 2010 on the fire safety of buildings and other areas (Official Journal of Laws of 2010, Item 109, No. 719). Article 17 The owner or manager of a building intended for more than 50 permanent users, should conduct a practical evacuation exercise from the premises at least every 2 years N/A ® 6
  8. 8. Country Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Emergency Response Plans Emergency Response Teams Drills AEDs Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Spain 1) Act 31/1995 on Prevention of Occupational Risks, Article 20, the employer, taking into ac- count the size and work activities of the com- pany shall analyze the possible situations of emergency and shall take the necessary mea- sures for first aid, fire-fighting and evacuation of workers, designating for those purposes the workers required to implement such measures and checking periodically, where appropriate, their proper working order. 2) Additionally, a specific emergency Plan called Self-protection Plan is required for those activities or facilities that fall under Royal De- cree 393/2007, of March 23, which approves the Basic Self-protection Plan of centers, establishments and dependencies dedicated to activities that may give rise to emergency situations: Art. 2 (Annex I) establishes the activities that fall into the Royal Decree. As an example, activ- ities where chemicals are stored above several thereshold limits or buildings where maximum evacuation height is equal to or greater than 28 meters or with a maximum occupancy is at least 2,000 people. The content of the Self-protection plan is de- veloped in the Basin Rule included in the Royal Decree and has to be officially registered. NOTE: Specific requirements have been established by several Autonomous Regions, that also affect to the type of activities that are required to perform a Self-protection plan and the minimum content, for example Catalonia (Decree 30/2015, of March 3, approving the activities and centers that must implement self-protection measures and establisking their content). 1) According to Act 31/1995 on Prevention of Occupational Risks, Article 20, the employer, taking into account the size and work activities of the company shall analyze the possible situations of emergency and shall take the necessary measures for first aid, fire-fight- ing and evacuation of workers, designating for those purposes the workers required to implement such measures and checking periodically, where appropriate, their proper working order. The mentioned personnel must have the necessary training, must be sufficient in number and must have at their disposal adequate equipment in accordance with the circumstances above mentioned. Generally, there is no specific requirement in relation to the number of members, etc. Train- ing needs are established by Article 34 of Royal Decree 39/1997 (as amended through Royal Decree 298/2009 of 6 March 2009 and Royal Decree 337/2010 of 19 March 2010). Defines basic, intermediate and higher qualification requirement and functions (Art. 35-37 and Annexes IV-VI). 2) However, specific requirements are estab- lished for those activities or facilities that fall under Royal Decree 393/2007, of March 23, which approves the Basic Self-protection Plan of centers, establishments and dependencies dedicated to activities that may give rise to emergency situations: Art. 2 (Annex I) establishes the activities that fall into the Royal Decree. As an example, activ- ities where chemicals are stored above several thereshold limits or buildings where maximum evacuation height is equal to or greater than 28 meters or with a maximum occupancy is at least 2,000 people. Point 3.5. of the Basic Rule included in the RD 393/2007, indicates that personnel involved in the emergency team must be provided with practical and theorical training (content not detailed). Point 3.6. of the Basic Rule included in the RD 393/2007 indicates specific designations. 1) According to Act 31/1995, on Prevention of Occupational Risks, Article 18(1), the facility must provide each individual with all of the necessary information regarding the risks and preventive measures affecting his/her work- place, including measures adopted for emer- gency response (including first aid, fire-fighting and worker evacuation). Generally, there is no specific requirement in relation to emergency drills, including the periodicity. 2) However, it is especifically required for those activities or facilities that fall under Royal Decree 393/2007, of March 23, which approves the Basic Self-protection Plan of centers, establishments and dependencies dedicated to activities that may give rise to emergency situations: Art. 2 (Annex I) establishes the activities that fall into the Royal Decree. As an example, fall under the Royal Decree activities where chemicals are stored above several thereshold limits or buildings where maximum evacuation height is equal to or greater than 28 meters or with a maximum occupancy is at least 2,000 people. Point 3.6.4. of the Basic Rule included in the RD 393/2007. Drills must be performed at least annually. NOTE: Specific requirements have been established by several Autonomous Regions, that also affect to the type of activities that are required to perform a Self-protection plan, for example Catalonia (Decree 30/2015, of March 3, approving the activities and centers that must implement self-protection measures and establisking their content). 1) Generally not required, but if installed, regis- tering and training processes must be followed according to Royal Decree 365/2009, de 20 de marzo, which establishes the conditions and minimum requirements for safety and quality in the use of automatic and semi-automatic external defibrillators outside the health field. Registering and training requierements and processes are developed by the Autonomous communities. 2) Several Autonomous Regions require the installation of AED under several conditions, for example: In Madrid, workplaces with more than 250 employees the installation of AED is required (Decree 78/2017, of September 12, regulating the installation and use of AED outside the health field. In Catalonia, several activities or establisments where a self-protection Plan is required, must install AEDs. (Decree 30/2015, of March 3, approving the activities and centers that must implement self-protection measures and establisking their content). ® 7
  9. 9. Country Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Emergency Response Plans Emergency Response Teams Drills AEDs Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Spain (continued) NOTE: Specific requirements including training needs and content have been established by several Autonomous Regions, that also affect to the type of activities that are required to perform a Self-protection plan, for exam- ple Catalonia (Decree 30/2015, of March 3, approving the activities and centers that must implement self-protection measures and establisking their content). Sweden Act on protection against accidents (SFS 2003:778), Chapter 2, 2§ General obligations The owner or user of buildings shall main- tain equipment for fighting fire and other accidents, and take the necessary measures (technical and organizational) to prevent fires and limit the damage caused by fire. First Aid and Crisis Support (AFS 1999: 7) At each workplace there should be prepared- ness and procedures for first aid and crisis support. It must be ensured that the employ- ees know how first aid and crisis support is organized at the workplace. At appropriate points will be posted stating: • the first-aid equipment available, • persons who can provide first aid, • telephone numbers for emergency First Aid and Crisis Support (AFS 1999: 7) At each workplace there should be prepared- ness and procedures for first aid and crisis support. It must be ensured that the employ- ees know how first aid and crisis support is organized at the workplace. At appropriate points will be posted stating: • the first-aid equipment available, • persons who can provide first aid, • telephone numbers for emergency First Aid and Crisis Support (AFS 1999: 7) The employee’s familiarity with routines and planning It is important that employees know how first aid and crisis support are organized and set up, and that their knowledge is kept up to date. Recurrent information updates are necessary, as well as possible practical training or drills of the routines. It is important that schools and other education centres also inform the students of how first aid and crisis support are organized. In this context temporary staff must not be forgotten either. Good Management Practice ® 8
  10. 10. Country Life Safety, Emergency Response, and Fire Safety Emergency Response Plans Emergency Response Teams Drills AEDs Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers Regulation Name Brief Summary Regulatory Triggers United Kingdom Management of Health & Safety at Work Reg- ulations 1999, Reg 8 - requires employers to prepare procedures for serious and imminent danger and for danger areas. Under Regulation 10 employees must also provide H&S infor- mation, training, instruction and supervision provided to employees including emergency procedures, risks present in the workplace and necessary control measures. Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH) Regulation 2015, Regulations 5 & 7 requires every operator of a COMAH site (upper and lower tier) to take all measures necessary to prevent major accidents and to limit their consequences for human health and the en- vironment - this would be documented in the major accident prevention policy (MAPP). Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH) Regulation 2015, Regulation 11 requires the development of internal and external emer- gency plans for Upper Tier COMAH establish- ments. Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999, Reg 8 & 10 - requires em- ployers to prepare procedures for serious and imminent danger and for danger areas which should include designation of responsibilities. A sufficient amount of employees should be trained to provide assistance in an emergency. The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 Regulation 15 requires employers to develop procedures for serious and immi- nent danger and for danger areas. They must nominate a sufficient number of competent persons to implement those procedures in so far as they relate to the evacuation of relevant persons from the premises. Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH) Regulation 2015, Regulations 5 & 7 requires every operator of a COMAH site (upper and lower tier) to take all measures necessary to prevent major accidents and to limit their consequences for human health and the environment - the roles and responsibilities of emergency response team members would be documented in the major accident prevention policy (MAPP). The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 Regulation 15 requires employers to develop procedures for serious and imminent danger and for danger areas and then perform safety drills to test these procedures. It is not compulsory for employers to purchase AEDs to comply with the Health and Safety reg- ulations. However, if a risk assessment identi- fies an AED is required then its recommended that staff should be fully trained in its use. ® 9

×