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EHS Expectations in Mexico: An Overview


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A closer look at the various social, environmental, and health and safety issues facing organizations with operations in Mexico, presented at the 2017 EHSxTech event by Antea Group and Tero Hub.

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EHS Expectations in Mexico: An Overview

  1. 1. Fernanda Rivas Chavez April 2017 EHS Expectations: Mexico
  2. 2. 1 Mexico Overview EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 • Demographics = 121,000,000 by 2015 • Homes with computer (%) • Homes with Internet (%)
  3. 3. Mexico Overview EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 2 • Geography • Most ecosystems • Risks: volcanoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, drought, forest fires • Most people live in central Mexico
  4. 4. • Languages • Spanish is the official language • English is the second most common language, probably spoken to some degree by about 10-15% of the population (i.e. 10-20 million people) • Federal and frequently taken holidays • No siestas! 3 Mexico Overview EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 Official • Jan 1 • 1st Monday in Feb • 3rd Monday in Mar • May 1 • Sep 16 • 3rd Monday in Nov • Dec 25 Common • Easter Thursday and Friday • May 5 • May 10 • May 15 (schools) • Nov 1/2 • Dec 12 • Last Friday of every month= no K1-12 school
  5. 5. • Business • Micro businesses (<10 people) comprise 95.4% of total; generate 9.8% of gross production. • Large businesses (>251 people) comprise 0.2% of total; generate 64.1% of gross production. 4 Mexico Overview EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 Occupied personnel per sector
  6. 6. SEMARNAT Environment STPS Health and Safety SSA Health 5 EHS Legal Structure in Mexico EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 Federal State Municipal
  7. 7. EHS Regulations in Mexico EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 6 Regulatory Citation Summary NOM-030-STPS-2009 (Art. 4.1) NOM-019-STPS-2011(Art. 5.1, 7.1) Municipal regulations Dedicated EHS officer (>100 employees) Health and safety committee Emergency brigades Agreement for the creation of the workplace accident reporting system, published on Dec 14, 2015. Incidents and accidents must be reported to STPS within 3 days through the electronic portal: Includes travel to/from home-workplace and all activities during working time. NOM-019-STPS-2011 (Art. 5.1, 7.1) Municipal regulations All STPS NOMs Training to health and safety committee and emergency brigades. Workers must be informed of their workplace/activities risks and trained if required. Ruling of Health and Safety at the Workplace (Art. 32-43) NOMs 011, 015, 025-STPS Workplace health studies: lighting, noise, temperature, ergonomics, psychosocial NOM-002-STPS-2010 (Art. 5.3. 5.4, 5.5) All facilities should be adequately equipped with emergency response systems: fire combat (detection, alarms, combat), evacuation routes, exits, first-aid, response plans.
  8. 8. 7 EHS Regulations in Mexico EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 Regulatory Citation Summary NOM-251-SSA1-2009 Hygiene in cafeterias/restaurants. Applicable to all areas where food is prepared. Specifies easy-to-clean surfaces, the prohibition of sick workers in the preparation of food and annual training in food hygiene. General Law for the Prevention and Integral Management of Waste (LGPGIR). Ruling of LGPGIR. NOM-161-SEMARNAT-2011 Waste is classified in 3: hazardous, special handling, solid urban. Electronic waste, large amounts of cardboard, packaging, paper, is classified as special handling waste. Federally generate > 10 tons SHW/year = special handling waste management plan. State generate (e.g. Mexico City)= special handling waste generator and/or management plan. PROY-NOM-035-STPS-2016 In review; not yet published. Evaluation of psychosocial risk factors and workplace environment. Examples of psychosocial risk factors= excessive workloads, lack of control over work, workdays > 8 h/day, shift rotation without recovery time, work that upsets family and personal time, negative or toxic work relations.
  9. 9. 8 EHS Regulations in Mexico EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 Generally little inspection for non-industrial facilities; but you never know! Sanctions for EHS violations are well established.
  10. 10. Cultural Nuances in Mexico EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 9 Women at the workplace Parental leave Military requirements Corruption Sense of Time Accountability Mothers: 12 weeks leave 6 months 1 h/day for lactation Fathers: 5 working days Laid back- Ahorita syndrome Work many hours Not efficient Common in the workforce Few in power positions Do MOST of domestic work (>75%) Traditional working roles Generally respected (at least, face to face)
  11. 11. Local Issues EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 10 Increasing SOCIAL risks: General violence is high (kidnappings, theft, rape). Some areas are ruled by gangs, not police. Little trust in the police. Recent looting (Jan 2017) to businesses. Decreasing NATURAL risks: Generally well organized emergency response systems
  12. 12. Thank you! EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 11 Fernanda Rivas Chavez Director General, Tero Hub Queretaro, Mexico Peylina Chu, PE Vice President, Antea Group Boston, MA, USA