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EHS Expectations in India: An Overview


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A closer look at the various social, environmental, and health and safety issues facing organizations with operations in India, presented at the 2017 EHSxTech event by Antea Group and Chola Risk Services.

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EHS Expectations in India: An Overview

  1. 1. M.Sasikumar April 2017 EHS Expectations India | Chola MS Risk Services Ltd.
  2. 2. 29 states and 7 Union Territories INDIA REDEFINED Largest democratic country Most populous & English speaking country Global startup ecosystem Renewable energy Country attractive index Wind power installation Largest economy & Global Manufacturing Competitiveness Index by 2020 Sixth on eight great powers in the world Largest Country
  6. 6.  Wet bio–degradable waste, dry recyclable and combustible wastes and domestic hazardous wastes shall be segregated at source in accordance with the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2015.  Plastic waste, which can be recycled, shall be channelized to registered plastic waste recycler PLASTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT RULES Recycling of plastic shall conform to the Indian Standard: IS 14534:1998 titled as Guidelines for Recycling of Plastics, as amended from time to time
  7. 7.  Responsibilities of Generators have been introduced to segregate waste in to three streams:  Wet (Biodegradable),  Dry (Plastic, Paper, metal, wood, etc.) and  domestic hazardous wastes (diapers, napkins, empty containers of cleaning agents, mosquito repellents, etc.)  Directly responsible for segregation and sorting the waste  Bulk and institutional generators, market associations, event organizers and hotels and restaurants WASTE MANAGEMENT RULES 2016
  8. 8.  Groundwater is no more a state subject.  All industries and commercial establishments are required to obtain permission from Central Ground Water Board  Should implement rainwater recharge programs to give back 50% of the groundwater drawn GROUND WATER EXTRACTION RULES
  9. 9. e - WASTE MANAGEMENT BULK CONSUMER RESPONSIBILITIES - 9 Ensure channelized through collection centre or dealer of authorized producer or dismantler or recycler or in buyback scheme Ensure radioactive materials not mixed up Maintain records in Form 2 which can be audited by state pollution control board Form 3 annual return files to State pollution control board
  10. 10. BATTERIES HANDLING RULES BULK CONSUMER RESPONSIBILITIES - 10 Used batteries to be deposited to dealer, manufacturer, authorized recycler & designated collection centre Maintain records in Form VIII Form VIII half yearly return files to state pollution control board
  11. 11. OIL WASTE MANAGEMENT Responsibilities of occupier - 4 Reduce, reuse, recycle Training and sound hazardous waste management Authorized disposal or recycle facility Form 3 to be maintained regarding the hazardous waste storage/usage and Form 4 to be submitted to PCB annually by recycler
  12. 12. LAW & RULES - HEALTH
  13. 13. LAW & RULES - SAFETY
  14. 14. GENERAL PROVISIONS Labour identification number > 10 employees Measures relating to:  Cleanliness  Lighting  Ventilation  Prevention of fire Canteen > 100 employees Working hour restrictions  Not more than 48 hrs in a week  Not more than 9hrs in a day  Work continuously for more than five hours unless 0.5 hrs break  Working hrs in a day should not exceed ten and half hours including rest period. In case of urgent work it should not exceed 12 hrs  Over time > 9hrs/day or 48 hrs in a week  Overtime should not exceed 125 hrs in three months  Overtime – twice the wages  Holiday once in a week or Compensatory offs within two months  Work on holiday = twice the wages
  15. 15. HOLIDAY OBSERVATIONS Minimum 11 Holidays to be observed apart from one holiday a week as per Shops and Establishment Act Jan 26 - Republic day Aug 15 - Independence day Oct 2 – Gandhi Jayanthi Holiday on general elections 5 festival holidays according to state Casual leave - 8 Sick leave -7 Earned leave – 1 day for every twenty days in previous year, maximum 45 days in a year
  16. 16. MATERNITY & PATERNITY LEAVE POLICIES GENDER BIAS ? 15 days to take care of his wife and new born child within six months from the date of birth Applicable to Govt employees only Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill 2016 Maternity leave to 26 weeks from the present 12 weeks Leave up to 12 weeks for a woman who adopts a child below the age of three months “Work from home" for nursing mothers once the leave period ends Crèche mandatory > 30 women or 50 workers
  17. 17. WOMEN IN THE WORKPLACE Factories act & Shops and Establishment act Working hours – 6.00 AM to 7.00 PM Exemption:  Shelter  Rest room  Night crèche  Ladies toilet  Addition protection of their dignity  Honor and safety  Protection from sexual harassment  Transportation to residence  Obtaining the consent from women worker  Shift timing can be changed only after holiday
  18. 18. WOMEN IN THE WORKPLACE • Equal remuneration for men and women • Discrimination against recruitment of women worker for same work • Discrimination against such as promotions, training or transfer
  19. 19. FIRE NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE RENEWAL NORMS Chola MS Risk Services 20 State Fire NOC renewal period Andhra Pradesh Once in a year Karnataka Once in a year Gujarat Once in three year for non residential and once in 5 years for residential Delhi Once in three year for non residential and once in 5 years for residential Haryana Once in a year Puduchery Not defined CHALLENGE #1
  20. 20. • Challenges 2 – No occupancy certificate for the buildings (Earlier the building was in panchayat limit at time of construction and due to later city expansion, the building comes under Municipal limit) • Challenges 3 – Periodic physical inspection of building by team of multidisciplinary professionals of local authority. • Challenges 4 – Inherent risks of heritage building FIRE
  21. 21. IS 10224 -2002 Ergonomic Principle in design of work stations ERGONOMICS
  22. 22. ERGONOMICS
  23. 23. Thank you! EHSxTech Workshop – April 2017 24 M. SASIKUMAR DGM – RISK SERVICES, CHOLA MS RISK SERVICES Chennai, India Peylina Chu, PE Vice President, Antea Group Boston, MA, USA