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This paper is dealing with the case of Hungarian nationalist populism and illiberalism which gained its last landslide electoral success in April 2018. I am investigating the contemporary nationalist populism in Hungary in the context of agonizing liberal democracy. I am convinced that the organic crisis of liberal democracy before 2010 has lead the creation of hybrid political regime in Hungary which is based on the permanent state of exception. This paper based on the political theoretical, social and critical theoretical literature.
The Hungarian nationalist populism cannot be understood without the situation behind, that is why I am investigating in the first part of this paper the historical tradition of the regime and the wide context as the collapse of liberal democracy and the era of populism. After that I will analyze the political theories of the Orbán’s regime: the concept of Carl Schmitt, the leader democracy and political constitutionalism. In the third part the “System of National Cooperation” has been detailed analyzed: its electoral success (2010, 2014, 2018), the main characteristics and consequences. Concluding the paper, I will rise the question: what can the EU do with such a nationalist-populist and illiberal system? Dealing with this problem the theoretical (the EU as an externally coordinator) and practical (EU Rule of Law Mechanisms) assumption will be investigated here. My main concern is that without a serious political turn in Hungary (creating an anti-hegemony against the Orbán’s regime) the EU would not achieve success fighting for rule of law.