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This is a lecture at Sovereignties in Contention: Nations, Regions and Citizens in Europe 26th International Conference of Europeanists, which takes place between June 20-22, 2019 at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid.
It seems to be that Hungary under the Orbán-era has become one of the main fighters for sovereignty in the EU. In this paper I am trying to challenge this over-simplification and show the many faces of the system. According to my hypothesis under the populist-nationalist surface of the Orbán-regime there is disappointing compromise between the government and the globalized capitalism. The most state direct (subsidies, tax benefits) and indirect (labour law against the employees) aids have been given by the “nationalist Orbán’s governments” since the regime change. In this sense I put an emphasize on the investigation this new form of post-modern nationalism, which is based on discursive fight for sovereignty, but at the same time sacrifice it in the context of neoliberal capitalism. In this sense, I will analyse the pact between the Orbán’s governments and neoliberal (especially German) companies. Emphasizing and analysing this embarrassing phenomenon, the abdication of sovereignty and the brutal fight for it, are the main goals of this paper. I am dealing with this paper the discursive and economic nationalism as crucial factors of sovereignty.