Be the first to like this
This study examines the Hungarian environmental and energy democracy from the regime change in 1989 to 2015. The main pillars of environmental democracy (access to information, public participation and access to justice) have been strengthened and the Aarhus’s regime has been incorporated to the Hungarian legal system. It has been put in this study that environmental democracy belongs to the normative-empirical theories of democracy. I will elaborate the constitutional and legal bases of environmental democracy and I will argue here that since 2010 several restrictions have been carried out about the environmental democracy by the Hungarian governments. Since the projected extension of the Paks Nuclear Power Plant this situation has increased. Despite of the strong legal foundations, the Hungarian environmental policy and environmental democracy have been in continuous regression and under attack. This paper proposes two main hypothesis. According to the first, the Hungarian environmental democracy has been evolved by the legal constitutionalism, and its restrictions elaborated here are in conjunction with the political constitutionalist era since 2010. My other hypothesis concerning the energy democracy, which means socializing and democratizing the methods of energy production and consumption, without harming or endangering the environment or people. It has been argued that the prevailing of the Aarhus’s pillars in the field of energy policy (i.e. energy democracy) has a huge impact on the environmental democracy.