A framework for addressing     dishonesty in ODL   Point, click, copy and paste           Ansie Minnaar           Ansie Mi...
Outline1. Why a framework for controlling   dishonesty in ODL?2. The presentation of dishonesty3. Definitions4. Reasons fo...
Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa   3
“Plagiarism is not newand has been a problem that has plagued higher education and other institutions for years...”       ...
Dishonesty can only beaddressed, not stopped       entirely        Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa   5
Dishonesty most often presents itself            in five ways:1. Students paraphrase a source without citing the source2. ...
Definition of plagiarismFrom the Latin origins we know that plagiarism has criminal                       connotations.   ...
What are the reasons for             dishonesty?   Changes of subjective norms   The student ability indicators   Stude...
Opportunities for dishonesty   “The range of dishonest academic practice is limited  only by student’s ability to use tech...
• http://www.schoolsucks.com• http://www.cheatinghouse.com• http://www.collegetermpapers.com Is a free site• “The Evil Hou...
Essaysfree.com, BigNerds.com OPPapers.comAcademicTermpapers.com, which charges $7 per pagePaperstore.net for $10 per p...
Plagiarism Detection Tools           Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa   12
Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa   13
The Plagiarism Resource Centre at the University ofVirginia: http://plagiarism.phys.virginia.eduEVE2 Plagiarism detectio...
Framework for addressing dishonesty in ODL                      Changes                                                   ...
Deterrents for addressing dishonestyThe literature is vague about deterrents for dishonestyDeterrents are not officially i...
Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa   17
Thank you  Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa   18
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Ansie Minnaar dishonesty ppp_15_June 2012_final

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Ansie Minnaar dishonesty ppp_15_June 2012_final

  1. 1. A framework for addressing dishonesty in ODL Point, click, copy and paste Ansie Minnaar Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 1
  2. 2. Outline1. Why a framework for controlling dishonesty in ODL?2. The presentation of dishonesty3. Definitions4. Reasons for dishonesty5. Opportunities for dishonesty6. Paper mills7. Plagiarism detection tools8. Framework for controlling dishonesty in ODL9. Conclusion Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 2
  3. 3. Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 3
  4. 4. “Plagiarism is not newand has been a problem that has plagued higher education and other institutions for years...” (Bloodgood, Turnley and Mudrack 2010). Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 4
  5. 5. Dishonesty can only beaddressed, not stopped entirely Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 5
  6. 6. Dishonesty most often presents itself in five ways:1. Students paraphrase a source without citing the source2. Students submit work that appears to be paraphrased and contain references, but in fact it was copied word for word from the original source3. Students present work as their own, without including any citations in the text4. Students submit work that was done by another studentCheating is rampant in academiaStudents openly admit theirdishonesty and, in some cases,even boast about how easy it is Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 6
  7. 7. Definition of plagiarismFrom the Latin origins we know that plagiarism has criminal connotations. Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 7
  8. 8. What are the reasons for dishonesty? Changes of subjective norms The student ability indicators Students’ academic beliefs Students with higher expectations of success are more likely to cheat than students with lower expectations Students who see themselves as being on the edge of failure Impoverished students who study under poor conditions are more likely to cheat Extracurricular activities (such as partying) (Whitley 1998: 235) Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 8
  9. 9. Opportunities for dishonesty “The range of dishonest academic practice is limited only by student’s ability to use technology creatively” (Underwood and Szabo 2003: 470) Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 9
  10. 10. • http://www.schoolsucks.com• http://www.cheatinghouse.com• http://www.collegetermpapers.com Is a free site• “The Evil House of Cheat” http://www.cheathouse.comclaims more than a million hits• Papers are also sold to students at “A1termpaper” withreported sales of 1 000– 2 000 papers in the first year aftergoing online. Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 10
  11. 11. Essaysfree.com, BigNerds.com OPPapers.comAcademicTermpapers.com, which charges $7 per pagePaperstore.net for $10 per pageA1termpaper.com (aka 1-800-termpaper.com). This site is selling papers that were mostly written during the 1970s and which are rather pricy at $62Students could also buy custom-made papers written to their specification at PaperMasters.com, from between $17 to $20 per page, or a custom paper at $71 Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 11
  12. 12. Plagiarism Detection Tools Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 12
  13. 13. Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 13
  14. 14. The Plagiarism Resource Centre at the University ofVirginia: http://plagiarism.phys.virginia.eduEVE2 Plagiarism detection programme athttp://www.canexus.comGlatt Plagiarism services at http://www.plagiarism.comiThenticate at Http://www.ithenticate.com orhttp://www.plagiarism.orgLexis-Nexis CopyGuard athttp://www.lexisnexis.com/copyguardMyDropBox Assignment Suite™ (for Blackboard)Plagiarism-Finder at http://www.m4-software.comWcopyfind 2.6 at http:www.plagiarism.phys.virginia.eduhttp://www.canexus.comhttp://www.catchitfirst.comhttp://www.copycatchgold.comhttp://www.integriguad.comhttp://www.turnitin.comEliminating Plagiarism:http://www.ku.edu/~writing/instructors/classes.htmlElectronic Plagiarism Seminar:http://www.lemoyne.edu/library/plagirism.htm Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 14
  15. 15. Framework for addressing dishonesty in ODL Changes Safeguard against moral dishonesty in ODL obligations Changes attitude Opportunities fortowards dishonesty dishonesty behaviour Informs the Changes intention Subjective to cheat norms High School dishonesty Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 15
  16. 16. Deterrents for addressing dishonestyThe literature is vague about deterrents for dishonestyDeterrents are not officially implemented for dishonesty informative assessment ??• Penalties such as reducing the grade for the piece of work or zero• Policing?• No marks• Reprimand• Disciplinary actions• Fines• Suspension• Cancellation of enrollment• Review panel to impose penalties Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 16
  17. 17. Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 17
  18. 18. Thank you Ansie Minnaar 2012 Unisa 18

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