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  1. 1. Human Geography People and Places Chapter 4 Section 1 The Elements of Culture “ As the soil, however rich it may be, cannot be productive without cultivation, so the mind without culture can never produce good fruit.” – Seneca, Roman philosopher
  2. 2. Vocabulary Using the following terms, students can define “culture” “ Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit.” Jawaharlal Nehru diffusion dialect society religion innovation ethnicity cultural hearth acculturation culture
  3. 3. Defining Culture <ul><li>How do you know what you know? </li></ul><ul><li>Where did you get that knowledge from? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of an “attitude” do you have? </li></ul><ul><li>What is your behavior like? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this all yours individually or was it “passed down” to you? </li></ul>“ A culture is made -- or destroyed -- by its articulate voices.” – Ayn Rand
  4. 4. Society <ul><li>A group that shares </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A geographic region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A sense of identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A culture </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. CULTURE <ul><li>I. Features of a society </li></ul><ul><li>A. Way of life </li></ul><ul><li>1. Language, food, religion, music, government, clothing, economy, family life, etc. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 6. Culture <ul><li>Can involve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food and shelter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political affiliation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative Expression </li></ul></ul>“ What sets worlds in motion is the interplay of differences, their attractions and repulsions.” – Octavio Paz
  7. 7. World Religions “ Matters of religion should never be matters of controversy. We neither argue with a lover about his taste, not condemn him, if we are just, for knowing so human a passion.” – George Santayana
  8. 8. World Languages “ Those who know nothing of foreign languages know nothing of their own.” Goethe
  9. 9. Spanglish &quot;There are many people out there that speak English, Spanish and Spanglish . It is a language that, to this day, academics [distrust], that politicians only recently have begun to take it more into consideration. But poets, novelists and essayists have realized that it is the key to the soul of a large portion of the population.&quot;
  10. 10. Ethnic Group <ul><li>A group that has its </li></ul><ul><li>own identity </li></ul><ul><li>within society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different language (dialect) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Live in a specific territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distinct social organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does ethnic = race? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Innovation Taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need
  12. 12. Diffusion The spread of ideas, inventions or patterns of behavior
  13. 13. MexAmerica Foods Inc. is a family owned and operated company The Southwest used to have only a handful of Spanish-language radio stations. Today, no major city in United States without a Spanish station. Broadcast and cable television bring full-time Spanish programming as far north as San Francisco, just as it brings English television as far south as Mexico City. Univision has grown to be the largest Spanish-language media outlet in the U.S. Telemundo is its chief rival.
  14. 14. Cultural Hearth A site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials and technology diffuse to many cultures
  15. 15. Tinseltown Marlon Brando, one of Hollywood’s icons, died recently leaving an estate of $21 million in disarray The icons of Hollywood are watched and imitated worldwide.
  16. 16. Acculturation It occurs when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation
  17. 17. How does this picture show acculturation?
  18. 18. Review <ul><li>Think of some recent “innovation” </li></ul><ul><li>Where was its “cultural hearth”? </li></ul><ul><li>How did it “diffuse” to you? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did you accept it? (acculturation) </li></ul>