Architecture

2005-06
Architecture
• The art and science of designing
and constructing buildings
Architecture
Architects: specialists in designing
structures
Architecture
One of the early architectural developments
was the use of the “post-and-lintel” method

A beam is placed hor...
Architecture
Ancient Greek
“Orders” (styles):
composed of a
shaft, capital, and
base. (click me)

http://www.bozzle.com/pe...
Architecture
Entablature: the top of an order; includes the
architrave, frieze, and cornice.

http://penelope.uchicago.edu...
Architecture
Other key developments include the arch,

http://www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm
Architecture
the vault,

http://www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm
Architecture
and the dome (my personal favorite).

http://www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm
Architecture
The arch was a purely Roman invention. An
arch is often made up of small stones called
voussoir and a large c...
Architecture
A series of columns is called a colonnade.

A series of arches is called an arcade.
Architecture
The arch, vault,
and dome are
variations of the
same concept
that allowed for
greater height
and more space
i...
Architecture
The Romans were great engineers. They
developed concrete as a building material,
which was used in building a...
Architecture
Flying Buttress:
external arch that
counter-balanced the
outward thrust of the
high, vaulted ceilings.

http:...
Architecture
During the Industrial Revolution, many new
materials were developed: glass-- Crystal Palace
(1851)

http://ww...
Architecture
and wrought iron:
The Eiffel Tower
Modern Architecture
Antonio Gaudi: Spanish architect– no flat
surface or straight lines (organic)

http://www.lexised.com/...
Modern Architecture

Antonio Gaudi’s most
famous building: “La
Sagrada Familia”
Modern Architecture
The 1st skyscraper was made in St. Louis,
MO by Louis Sullivan who coined the
expression “form follows...
Modern Architecture
Frank Lloyd Wright: American architect;
carefully considered the environment where
the building was to...
Modern Architecture
Steel and concrete
are the favored
materials for
commercial type
construction.
Wood and brick
are the ...
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Architecture presentation 7

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I analyze Anoushiravan Ghamsari in two steps: first his place in architecture and next his accomplishments in combining architecture and civil engineering. I think they are both consistent with each other, despite that I’ve always known him for his place as a architect and an outstanding teacher and has been effective in its academic performance at saint Petersburg and his unique style. Anoushirvan has his own place and his fruits of labor are many and each has an important place in our community’s architecture.

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Architecture presentation 7

  1. 1. Architecture 2005-06
  2. 2. Architecture • The art and science of designing and constructing buildings
  3. 3. Architecture Architects: specialists in designing structures
  4. 4. Architecture One of the early architectural developments was the use of the “post-and-lintel” method A beam is placed horizontally across upright posts.
  5. 5. Architecture Ancient Greek “Orders” (styles): composed of a shaft, capital, and base. (click me) http://www.bozzle.com/perClassicOrders.html
  6. 6. Architecture Entablature: the top of an order; includes the architrave, frieze, and cornice. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/architecture/entablature.html
  7. 7. Architecture Other key developments include the arch, http://www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm
  8. 8. Architecture the vault, http://www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm
  9. 9. Architecture and the dome (my personal favorite). http://www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm
  10. 10. Architecture The arch was a purely Roman invention. An arch is often made up of small stones called voussoir and a large central stone called a keystone.
  11. 11. Architecture A series of columns is called a colonnade. A series of arches is called an arcade.
  12. 12. Architecture The arch, vault, and dome are variations of the same concept that allowed for greater height and more space inside a building.
  13. 13. Architecture The Romans were great engineers. They developed concrete as a building material, which was used in building aqueducts, baths, and other public works projects.
  14. 14. Architecture Flying Buttress: external arch that counter-balanced the outward thrust of the high, vaulted ceilings. http://www.m-w.com/mw/art/flyingbu.htm
  15. 15. Architecture During the Industrial Revolution, many new materials were developed: glass-- Crystal Palace (1851) http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1158.htm
  16. 16. Architecture and wrought iron: The Eiffel Tower
  17. 17. Modern Architecture Antonio Gaudi: Spanish architect– no flat surface or straight lines (organic) http://www.lexised.com/architecture/gaudi/casam.html
  18. 18. Modern Architecture Antonio Gaudi’s most famous building: “La Sagrada Familia”
  19. 19. Modern Architecture The 1st skyscraper was made in St. Louis, MO by Louis Sullivan who coined the expression “form follows function”.
  20. 20. Modern Architecture Frank Lloyd Wright: American architect; carefully considered the environment where the building was to be constructed. “Falling Water” More Wright
  21. 21. Modern Architecture Steel and concrete are the favored materials for commercial type construction. Wood and brick are the favored materials for residential construction.

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