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War Poetry

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The consequences that WW1 had on Literature

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War Poetry

  1. 1. WAR POETRY By: Anouk de Laferrere, Juana Zufriategui, Bianca Ieraci & Sofía Mele
  2. 2. War poetry is a literary genre originated during war time when hundreds of soldiers, and also civilians caught up in conflict, started to write poetry as a way of striving to express extreme emotion at the very edge of experience. This type of poetry is almost “anti-war”, however it include the very large questions of life as: identity, innocence, humanity, compassion, guilt, loyalty, desire and death. This poems have a relation of immediate personal experience to moments of national and international crisis what gives war poetry an extra-literary importance. Later on, the work of a handful of these writers became a “sacred national text”. What is war poetry?
  3. 3. Name some war poets and famous poems. Rupert Brooke Rupert brooke was an english poet who studied in the university of cambridge and Between his graduation in 1909 and the start of World War I in 1914, Brooke spent most of his time writing and traveling. His poetry during this period, still emphasized the themes of love and nature. Brooke found happiness in Tahiti, but he decided to return to England in 1914. Within a few months of his return, World War I began. Brooke volunteered for service in the war and He joined the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve; the group's first destination was Antwerp, Belgium. The lull in fighting turned into a fruitful period for Brooke, for it was then that he produced his best-known poetry, the group of five war sonnets titled "Nineteen Fourteen”. these sonnets express the hopeful idealism and enthusiasm with which Britain entered the war John McCrae McCrae was a canadian poet, soldier and physician who was Born in Guelph, Ontario. As a physician, he worked at Toronto General Hospital, Johns Hopkins Hospital, the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Infectious Diseases and many others. He served in the Boer War in South Africa as an artillery subaltern in the Canadian Contingent from 1899 to 1900, was promoted to the rank of major in 1904, and reenlisted in the First Canadian Contingent soon after the start of World War. McCrae’s well-known poem “In Flanders Fields” memorializes the April 1915 battle in Belgium’s Ypres salient. For 17 days, McCrae tended those injured in the battle and wrote the poem after the death of a close friend.
  4. 4. André breton André Breton was born in 1896 in France. He studied medicine and psychiatry, displaying a special interest in mental illness. Though he never qualified as a psychoanalyst, he worked in neurological wards in Nantes during World War I. In 1916, Breton joined a Dadaist group in Paris. By 1919, when he co-founded the review Littérature with Louis Aragon and Philippe Soupault, his ideas had started to diverge with the Dadaists’ He wrote L’Amour Fou (Mad Love, 1937, poetry), which attempts to eliminate, in writing, the boundary between dreaming and waking Joyce Kilmer Joyce Kilmer was a journalist and a poet born in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1886. He is Known for his poetry that celebrated the common beauty of the natural world as well as his religious faith. After graduating from Rutgers College and Columbia University, Kilmer served as the literary editor for the religious newspaper The Churchman, and later, was on staff at the New York Times. he was killed after enlisting in the United States Army during World War I. Best known for his poem “Trees,” published in 1914, Kilmer enlisted in the New York National Guard in 1917 when the United States entered World War I.
  5. 5. Soldiers are usually dressed with a uniform that is used at battlefields. This pattern is similar in most countries, using the typical forest or pixel camouflage, although the color of camouflage and other elements vary according to the geography in which a country would use its soldiers. Leaving aside the superficial, I think that what the soldiers of all the countries share at poems are the feelings. Adrenaline, fear, sadness and impotence could be good adjectives that are used in this war poems and don't vary depending on the nationality of the soldiers. Also they are portrayed as heroes for the people because of their courage. How are soldiers typically portrayed? Is there a common theme which unites the various countries? What do these representations tell us about the society which produced such an image?
  6. 6. What was the role played by women in war times? By the 18th century, the role of women was accompanied armies assigned combat missions, usually they have roles such as cooking and laundry. Also, women worked in munitions factories and Nursing became a major role starting in the middle 19th century. The main role in World War I was employment in munitions factories, farming, and other roles to replace men drafted for the army. Finally, women played an important role in making the system of food rationing work and they have also been recognized for their medical services to wounded soldiers since Clara Barton nursed soldiers during the Civil War.
  7. 7. What are the roles which children played in wartime propaganda” Why were children “essential victims” in the war? The roles that children played in ww1 were to work in ammunition factories, work in Farms to provide food for the soldiers in the front and scouting, that gave them a little military instruction. In wartime propaganda they were used to victimize themselves and demoralize the enemy. They were essential victims of war because they suffered the loss of their parents, the loss of their house caused by the bombings and the loss of their friends or relatives who thought on the war.
  8. 8. What is the typical message/imagery in war poems? The typical messages in war poems are of the destructions that cause them, families lose loved ones, houses, etc; Your daily routines are forced to change drastically. Another of the typical messages is that there should not be wars again or that the same mistakes that occurred at the time of the outbreak of the conflict are not committed.
  9. 9. What are Sassoon‘s views of the war, of the soldier, and of death created in his poems? In Sassoon's early years as a poet, he passionately referred to the patriotism of fighting for his country in the War against the Central Powers. He eagerly enlisted himself as a trooper in 1915. However, wasn't it after one of his brothers’ death and living the experience of such obscene images for two years, that his viewpoint underwent a complete shift. In his posterior poems of 1917, it can be clearly seen a development of hatred towards War itself. He adapted a more satiric style, expressing his extreme criticism towards war as a suicidal decision, which stupidized soldiers, leading them to the development of a vice to fight, triggered by their patriotism towards their homeland.
  10. 10. Some literary historians have argued that of the war poets, Wilfred Owen is the better poet. Do you agree or disagree, and why? I do agree regarding to the fact that Wilfred Owen was one of the greatest poets dedicated to the poetry that the atrocious experiences of World War One aroused in the trenches. Among his most famous pieces is Dulce et Decorum Est. However, not only was Owen who vividly expressed the feelings of war by also did non-combatants, including women, and civilians, among others who may not have fought in the Western Front but it Eastern Europe, Turkey or India. Wilfred Owen’s pieces can be aligned to Rupert Brooke's magnificent writing as well as with Siegfried Sassoon's satire representations of war. Equally can the poems of women be compared to him. Texts expressing their difficulties in a harder job at industries and their terror of losing their loved ones at any moment. Even civilians, who did not technically participate from the physical fighting, but struggled against the attacks. Each and one of these war poet's ought to receive immeasurable merit, for they wrote, exceptionally, how World War One could be lived in several ways and places.
  11. 11. What value does poetry have for the history of war? Can poetry be used to examine the nature of the war experience, and if so, how? Are there other sources which are “better” for the study of war, and if so what/why? Half of the historians devoted to the analyzation of the First World War concur that war poetry from that period of time (1914-1918) is useless for the understanding of war as a definite subject. On the contrary, war poets give the possibility to go further into the experience of war from the very point of view of the ones who saw it by providing deep descriptions of certain situations that cannot be studied by only the examination of events. War poetry allows the reader to meet with the extraordinary intensity of the situation that each of the writers underwent. Poets make use of specific language that attempts to transmit the raw, natural reality that is almost impossible to capture. Their pieces may become representative figures/symbols of war that not necessarily match with every war experience. Nevertheless, it surely does not distort the understanding of the combat. Moreover, war poetry complements the studying of events, facts and sources of the First World War with the feelings and emotions of the soldiers, civilians and women during that period and how each of them had a different experience Hence, providing a full comprehension of war as a whole.
  12. 12. Hope you enjoyed our presentation!

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