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KoprowskiT_SQLRelay2014#1_Reading_FromPlanToBackupToCloud

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Microsoft released SQL Azure more than two years ago - that's enough time for testing (I hope!). So, are you ready to move your data to the Cloud? If you’re considering a business (i.e. a production environment) in the Cloud, you need to think about methods for backing up your data, a backup plan for your data and, eventually, restoring with Red Gate Cloud Services. In this session, you’ll see the differences, functionality, restrictions, and opportunities in SQL Azure and On-Premise SQL Server 2008/2008 R2/2012. We’ll consider topics such as how to be prepared for backup and restore, and which parts of a cloud environment are most important: keys, triggers, indexes, prices, security, service level agreements, etc.

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KoprowskiT_SQLRelay2014#1_Reading_FromPlanToBackupToCloud

  1. 1. Windows Azure SQL Database from Plan, to Backup, to Cloud Tobiasz Janusz Koprowski | Independent Consultant
  2. 2. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 2
  3. 3. Our awesome sponsors Premier Gold Silver Bronze
  4. 4. ABOUT ME  Leader of Polish SQL Server User Group  Microsoft Certified Trainer (SharePoint, SQL Server, Security, Azure)  SQL Server MVP (five years)  MVP Mentor Program Member  consultant, security & licensing auditor  active blogger, influencer, technical writer  last 9 years living in Data Processing Center  last 14 years banking and ICT  NOW going into Independent Consultancy  frequently speaker at several conferences: SQL Server Community Launch, Time for SharePoint, CodeCamps, InfoMEET, SharePoint Community Launch, CISSP Day, SQL in the City, InfoTRAMS, SQL Bits, IT Camp, SQL Saturday, CareerCon, Sharepoint & SQL Connection, Kariera IT, SQL Rally, SQL Relay, InfoTech…  Microsoft Terminology Community / translations for Wndows 7/8 and Visual Studio 2010/2012 SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 4
  5. 5. AGENDA  PART ONE: Plan Plan, Compability,  PART TWO: Backup Backup, Restore, Synchronize, Schedule  PART TWO: Cloud Tools  APPENDIX: additional links SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 5
  6. 6. PART ONE: Plan
  7. 7. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 7
  8. 8. PART ONE: Azure Short Introduction • Windows Azure Compute: Virtualized compute environment based on Windows Server Storage: Durable, scalable, & available storage Management: Automated, model-driven management of the service • SQL Azure (cloud-based database) Database: Relational processing for structured/unstructured data • App Fabric (.NET services) Service Bus: General purpose application bus Access Control: Rules-driven, claims-based access control SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 8
  9. 9. PART ONE: Virtual Machines Virtual Machines Launch Windows Server and Linux in minutes • Scale from 1 to 1000s of VM Instances • Built-in Virtual Networking, Load Balancing • Leverage Hybrid Consistency with On-Premises • Microsoft SQL Server and SharePoint Server • Oracle, MySQL, Redis, MongoDB • Save money with per-minute billing SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 9
  10. 10. PART ONE: HDInsight HDInsight Our 100% Apache Hadoop-based service in the cloud • Scale to petabytes on demand • Process unstructured and semi-structured data • Develop in Java, .NET, and more • No hardware to buy or maintain • Pay only for what you use • Spin up a Hadoop cluster in minutes • Visualize your Hadoop data in Excel • Easily integrate on-premises Hadoop clusters SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 10
  11. 11. PART ONE: Machine Learning Machine Learning PREVIEW Powerful cloud-based predictive analytics • Designed for new and experienced users • Proven algorithms from MS Research, Xbox and Bing • First class support for the open source language R • Seamless connection to HDInsight for big data solutions • Deploy models to production in minutes • Pay only for what you use. No hardware or software to buy. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 11
  12. 12. Security Requirements for Azure Platform As a Service Provider Microsoft has an obligation to passing the several rules for security: • ISO/IEC 27001:2005 • SAS 70 Type 1 and II Also they passing (continuisly) several data securing audits: • PCI DSS • SOX compliance • HIPAA compliance And of course requirements for Data Centers: • Physical security of the data centers (locks, cameras, biometric devices, card readers, alarms) • Firewalls, application gateways and IDS to protect the network • Access Control Lists (ACLs) applied to virtual local area networks (VLANs) and applications • Authentication and authorization of persons or processes that request access to data • Hardening of the servers and operating system instances • Redundant internal and external DNS infrastructure with restricted write access • Securing of virtual machine objects • Securing of static and dynamic storage containers SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 12
  13. 13. Security Requirements for Azure Platform • ISO/IEC 27001:2005 Audit and Certification ISO Scope: The following Azure features are in scope for the current ISO audit: Cloud Services (including Fabric and RDFE), Storage (Tables, Blobs, Queues), Virtual Machines (including with SQL Server), Virtual Network, Traffic Manager, Web Sites, BizTalk Services, Media Services, Mobile Services, Service Bus, Workflow, Multi-Factor Authentication, Active Directory, Right Management Service, SQL Database, and HDInsight. This includes the Information Security Management System (ISMS) for Azure, encompassing infrastructure, development, operations, and support for these features. Also included are Power BI for Office 365 and Power Query Service. • SOC 1 and SOC 2 SSAE 16/ISAE 3402 Attestations Scope: The following Azure features are in scope for the current SOC 1 Type 2 and SOC 2 Type 2 attestations: Cloud Services (includes stateless Web, and Worker roles), Storage (Tables, Blobs, Queues), Virtual Machines (includes persistent virtual machines for use with supported operating systems) and Virtual Network (includes Traffic Manager). • United Kingdom G-Cloud Impact Level 2 Accreditation Scope: The following Azure features are in scope for the IL2 accreditation: Virtual Machines, Cloud Services, Storage (Tables, Blobs, Queues, Drives), and Virtual Network. • Cloud Security Alliance Cloud Controls Matrix • Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP) • Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standards (DSS) Level 1 • HIPAA Business Associate Agreement (BAA) • Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 13
  14. 14. Data Centers for Azure Platform SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 14
  15. 15. Data Centers for Azure Platform North America US Central - Iowa US East - Virginia US East 2 - Virginia US Gov Iowa - Iowa US Gov Virginia - Virginia US North Central - Illinois US South Central - Texas US West – California Asia Asia Pacific East - Hong Kong Asia Pacific Southeast – Singapore Europe North Europe - Dublin, Ireland West Europe - Amsterdam, Netherlands Japan Japan East - Saitama Prefecture Japan West - Osaka Prefecture Oceania (announced, coming soon) Australia - Sydney, New South Wales Australia - Melbourne, Victoria South America (preview) Brasil - Sao Paulo, Some datacenters have servers grouped inside containers - each containing 1800-2500 servers. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 15
  16. 16. Shared Environment D C Hardware Boundary D B C B A A Hardware Boundary Hardware Boundary B Hardware Boundary C D A SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 16
  17. 17. PART ONE: SQL Azure few days ago We want to work with SQL Azure (oops SQL Database)  Size does matter?  Personal: 1GB, 5GB  Business: 10GB, 20 GB, 30 GB, 40 GB, 50 GB, 100 GB, 150 GB (3x50)  “Private”: less than 100 MB ($4.995 / month)  Version does matter?  10.25 my first experience, but after July 2011 Service Release…  11.0.9214.51 now > close to SQL Server 2012  Row Versioning-Based Isolation Levels  Both the READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT and ALLOW_SNAPSHOT_ISOLATION database options are set to ON in Microsoft Azure SQL Database.  Because SET <snapshot_option> in the ALTER DATABASE Transact-SQL statement is not supported, these database options cannot be changed. error msg 40544: The database has reached its size quota. Partition or delete data, drop indexes, or consult the documentation for possible resolutions. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 17
  18. 18. PART ONE: SQL Azure now  Size does matter?  Personal: 1GB, 5GB  Business: 10GB, 20 GB, 30 GB, 40 GB, 50 GB, 100 GB, 150 GB (3x50)  “Private”: less than 100 MB ($4.995 / month)  Size does matter!  BASIC  size: 100MB, 500MB, 1GB, 2GB  performance: 5DTU  STANDARD  size: 100MB, 500MB, 1GB, 2GB, 5GB, 10GB, 20GB, 30GB, 40GB, 50GB, 100GB, 150GB, 200GB, 250GB  performance: S0 10DTU, S1 20DTU, S2 50DTU  PREMIUM  size: 100MB, 500MB, 1GB, 2GB, 5GB, 10GB, 20GB, 30GB, 40GB, 50GB, 100GB, 150GB, 200GB, 250GB, 500GB  performance: P10 100DTU, P2 200DTU, SP3 800DTU What is DTU DTUs provide a way to describe the relative capacity of a performance level of Basic, Standard, and Premium databases. DTUs are based on a blended measure of CPU, memory, reads, and writes. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 18
  19. 19. PART ONE: SQL Azure and DTU Service Tier/Performan ce Level DTU MAX DB Size Max Worker Thr eads Max Sessions Benchmark Transaction Rate Predictability Basic 5 2 GB 30 300 16,600 transactions per hour Good Standard/S0 10 250 GB 60 600 521 transactions per minute Better Standard/S1 20 250 GB 90 900 934 transactions per minute Better Standard/S2 50 250 GB 120 1,200 2,570 transactions per minute Better Premium/P1 100 500 GB 200 2,400 105 transactions per second Best Premium/P2 200 500 GB 400 4,800 228 transactions per second Best Premium/P3 800 500 GB 1,600 19,200 735 transactions per second Best SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 19
  20. 20. PART ONE: SQL Azure Collation  Collation does it matter?  default database collation used by Microsoft Azure SQL Database is SQL_LATIN1_GENERAL_CP1_CI_AS, where LATIN1_GENERAL is English (United States), CP1 is code page 1252, CI is case-insensitive, and AS is accent-sensitive SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS  When using an on-premise SQL Server, you can set collations at server, database, column, and expression levels.  Microsoft Azure SQL Database does not allow setting the collation at the server level.  To use the non-default collation with Microsoft Azure SQL Database, set the collation with the Create Database Collate option, or at the column level or the expression level.  SQL Database does not support the Collate option with the Alter Database command.  By default, in SQL Database, temporary data will have the same collation as the database SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 20
  21. 21. PART ONE: Users  Naming, Logins, Users  Admin, administrator, guest, root, sa  Data Migration Support  You can use:  SQL Server 2008 Integration Services (SSIS)  The bulk copy utility (BCP.exe)  System.Data.SqlClient.SqlBulkCopy class  Scripts that use INSERT statements to load data into the database  SQL Data Compare from Red Gate  You can't use:  The RESTORE statement.  Attaching a database to the SQL Database server.  No SQL Server Agent (almost)  No SQL Server jobs  No SQL Server Browser  No Cross Database queries SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 21
  22. 22. PART ONE: Indexes Indexes, of course indexes  You MUST use CLUSTERED INDEX with your (Azure) SQL Database.  Heap tables are not supportes, so You MUST create CLUSTERED INDEX before INSERT will be executed CREATE TABLE Source (Id int NOT NULL IDENTITY, [Name] nvarchar(max), CONSTRAINT [PK_Source] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED ( [Id] ASC error msg 40054: )) Tables without a clustered index are not supported in this version of SQL Server. Create a clustered index and try again. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 22
  23. 23. PART ONE: SQL Database Closed connections to the service… by the service Because of multi-tenant :  Excessive resource usage  Connections that have been idle for 30 minutes or longer (Program assuming your connection is going to fail)  Failover because of server failures errors: 40197, 40501, 40544, 40549, 40550, 40551, 40552, 40553, 40613 SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 23
  24. 24. Sample of SQL Compability In Scope for v1  Constants  Constraints  Cursors  Index management and rebuilding indexes  Local temporary tables  Reserved keywords  Stored procedures  Statistics management  Transactions  Triggers  Tables, joins, and table variables  Transact-SQL language elements such as  Create/drop databases  Create/alter/drop tables  Create/alter/drop users and logins  and so on.  User-defined functions  Views Out of Scope for v1  Common Language Runtime (CLR)  Database file placement  Database mirroring  Distributed queries  Distributed transactions  Filegroup management  Global temporary tables  Spatial data and indexes  SQL Server configuration options  SQL Server Service Broker  System tables  Trace Flags  Physical server or catalog DDL and views SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 24
  25. 25. SQL Server 2005 {9.0} NON-Compability  Common Language Runtime (CLR) and CLR User-Defined Types  Database Mirroring  Service Broker  Table Partitioning  Typed XML and XML indexing is not supported. The XML data type is supported by SQL Azure. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 25
  26. 26. SQL Server 2008 {10.0} NON-Compability  Change Data Capture  Data Auditing  Data Compression  Extended Events  External Key Management / Extensible Key Management  FILESTREAM Data  Integrated Full-Text Search  Large User-Defined Aggregates (UDAs)  Large User-Defined Types (UDTs)  Performance Data Collection (Data Collector)  Policy-Based Management  Resource Governor  SQL Server Replication  Transparent Data Encryption SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 26
  27. 27. SQL Server 2008 R2 {10.50} NON-Compability  SQL Server Utility  SQL Server PowerShell Provider  Master Data Services SQL Server Management Studio does not support Windows Azure SQL Database in versions prior to SQL Server 2008 R2 SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 27
  28. 28. Connection Model When writing applications for Windows Azure SQL Database, you can use the following drivers and libraries:  .NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server (System.Data.SqlClient) from the .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 or later.  Entity Framework from the .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 or later.  SQL Server 2008 R2 Native Client ODBC driver. SQL Server 2008 Native Client ODBC driver is also supported, but has less functionality.  SQL Server 2008 Driver for PHP version 1.1 or later.  An updated version of SQL Server JDBC Driver 3.0 that supports SQL Database.  Windows Azure SQL Database supports tabular data stream (TDS) protocol client version 7.3 or later. Earlier versions of TDS protocol are not supported.  Connecting to Windows Azure SQL Database by using OLE DB or ADO is not supported  Support for ASP.NET controls  Clients connect directly to a database SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 28
  29. 29. Security Model  Uses regular SQL security model  Authenticate logins, map to users and roles  Authorize users and roles to SQL objects  Support for standard SQL Auth logins  Username + password  AD Federation, WLID – Windows Live ID, etc as alternate authentication protocols Security model is 100% compatible with on-premise SQL SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 29
  30. 30. Scenarios for V1 • Departmental Applications ‒ Simple application built by individual or department ‒ Need simple deployment, self-management, IT: “Empowerment and Governance” • Web Applications ‒ Small business or startup that uses the cloud as their IT ‒ Simple deployment, self-management, scale on demand • ISV ‒ ISV hosting software on behalf of customer ‒ Multi-tenant support for billing and isolation • Data Hub (Shortly After V1) ‒ Sharing and aggregating of data across tiers and across enterprises ‒ Centralized place for data, high scale, sync with existing data sources SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 30
  31. 31. PART ONE: SQL Database Point of Difference On-premise SQL Server Windows Azure SQL Database Where you manage server-level security The Security folder in SQL Server Management Studio'sObject Explorer Themaster database Server-level security role for creating logins securityadmin fixed server role loginmanager database role in the master database Commands for managing logins CREATE LOGIN CREATE LOGIN ALTER LOGIN ALTER LOGIN DROP LOGIN DROP LOGIN (There are some parameter limitations and you must be connected to themaster database) View that shows all logins sys.syslogins (sys.sql_logins for SQL Server authentication logins) sys.sql_logins (You must be connected to themaster database) Server-level role for creating databases dbcreator fixed database role dbmanager database role in the master database Command for creating a database CREATE DATABASE CREATE DATABASE (There are some parameter limitations and you must be connected to themaster database) Dropping databases DROP DATABASE DROP DATABASE If a user is in the dbmanager role, they have permission to DROP any database, regardless of which user originally created it. View that lists all databases sys.databases sys.databases (view) (You must be connected to themaster database) SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 31
  32. 32. PART ONE: SQL Database Federations  One or more tables within a database are split by row and portioned across multiple databases (federation members) /sharding/  A federation is a collection of database partitions that are:  defined by a federation distribution scheme, known as the federation scheme.  federation scheme defines a federation distribution key, (which determines the distribution of data to partitions within the federation)  federation distribution key must be an INT, BIGINT, UNIQUEIDENTIFIER, or VARBINARY  only one federation scheme and one federation distribution key for a federation. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 32
  33. 33. PART ONE: SQL Database scale up/down  Scale up and out  10K records > 1DB >> INSERT, INSERT > 10M records  10K records > 10K max / DB >> INSERT, INSERT >> 100DB each 10K  Partitioning:  Horizontal / per row  Vertical / per column SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 33
  34. 34. PART ONE: Adventure with WASD Adventure… … of course Adventure Works 2012 for SQL Database  Adventure Works for SQL Server 2012  Release date: March 2012  Adventure Works for SQL Azure  Release date: April 2012 SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 34
  35. 35. PART TWO: Backup
  36. 36. Backup Strategy What is Backup? What is Strategy? Will we need this? SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 36
  37. 37. BEST PRACTICE FOR SURVIVING DISASTER ITS ONLY ONE: BE PREPARED Backups  about type of backup ( simple rm / full rm)  about place for stored backup data  about backup window  about procedure used for backup  about backup tools  about backup of „backup logs”  about estimated time for executing backup  about REAL TIME of executing backup SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 37
  38. 38. BACKUP > extract from SOP* In the request, backup, should include the following information: • Information about the operating system and application version for online backup and installed updates for these components • a file backup policy, in particular: a number of versions of a file stored the storage time of the next version of the file the frequency of execution of such incremental backups with the proposal of their implementation • Online Backup Policy the storage time of a full backup with storage time such an incremental backup the time of transaction log files the frequency of execution of a full backup with the proposal deadline for its implementation the frequency of execution of the transaction log backup • Information about trees directories / files that should be omitted or included during backup tasks (include / exclude list) • Number and type / model of physical processors, • Does the node will use the connection to the SAN to implement backup SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 38
  39. 39. BACKUP (registry) > extract from SOP* This register contains information about a backup plan implemented.  Backup file space:  number of versions of a file stored in a backup  number of days that are kept more versions of a file  number of versions of a file stored in the backup system after its removal from client device  number of days that will store the latest version of the deleted file from the client device  number of days that will be stored in the archive  Online Backup:  number of backups stored in full backup  number of incremental backups / diff / full stored in the backup  frequency of transaction log backups stored in the backup (for databases)  number of days the backups to be stored on-line backup system  The list of nodes defined in the system backup:  Domain | Node name | IP address of the node  The list of defined backup tasks (called schedule)  name of the task (schedule) | execution time  a period of at which the task is repeated SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 39
  40. 40. Restore Strategy What is Restore? What is Strategy? Will we need this? SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 40
  41. 41. Best practices by BrentOzar SQL Server Backup Best Practices | Written on October 17, 2007 by Brent Ozar in SQL Server >> http://bit.ly/12oXm4h I’ve been backing up SQL Servers for almost a decade now, and it’s time to share the lessons I’ve learned. All of this is my own opinion – your mileage may vary – but I’ll try to explain the reasoning behind the choices I make. I won’t address log shipping or snapshots this time around. • Never back up databases to local disk. • Back up databases to a fileshare, then back the share up to tape. • Cost justify the network share with lower licensing costs & simpler backups. • Back up to a different SAN if possible. • My sweet spot for the backup array is raid 10 SATA. • Backup agents like NetBackup and Backup Exec mean giving up scheduling control. • Do regular fire drill rebuilds and restores. • Build a standalone restore testbed. • Keep management informed on restore time estimates. • Trust no one. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 41
  42. 42. BEST PRACTICE FOR SURVIVING DISASTER ITS ONLY ONE: BE PREPARED Restore  about type of backup ( simple rm / full rm)  about place for stored backup data  about the procedures of recovery  about estimated time for recovery  about REAL TIME for recovery  about tools for recovery  about Corporate Backup Manager  about password for access to library SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 42
  43. 43. RESTORE > extract from SOP* Register for Recovery/Restore/Replacement Tests This register contains information about the tests and replacement of part or all of the environment. It consists of the following fields:  the date of commencement and completion of the recovery test  client for which the test was performed recovery test  servers involved in testing and replacement  extent of testing and replacement  person / persons performing the recovery test  person on the client side accepts the correctness of the recovery test  subsequent to the recovery test SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 43
  44. 44. PART TWO: Azure SQL Database Backup and Restore Microsoft Azure SQL Database has built-in backups to support self-service Point in Time Restore and Geo- Restore for Basic, Standard, and Premium service tiers. If you have Web or Business Edition databases, you must create your own backup strategy. You can use database copy or Import and Export services to create copies of the data and export the file to an Microsoft Azure storage account. Built-in Automatic Backup in Azure SQL Database >> Azure SQL Database automatically creates backups of every active database using the following schedule:  full database backup once a week,  differential database backups once a day,  transaction log backups every 5 minutes. The full and differential backups are replicated across regions to ensure availability of the backups in the event of a disaster. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 44
  45. 45. PART TWO: Azure SQL Database Backup and Restore Backup storage is the storage associated with your automated database backups that are used for Point in Time Restore and Geo-Restore. Azure SQL Database provides up to 200% of your maximum provisioned database storage of backup storage at no additional cost. For example, if you have a database in the Standard service tier with a provisioned size of 250 GB, you will be provided with 500 GB of backup storage at no additional charge. Point in Time Restore is designed to recover a database to a specific point in time within the backup retention period supported by the service tier of the database. Restoring creates a new database with the same service tier that was in use at the chosen restore point and the lowest performance level supported by that tier. For example, if you restore a database which was set to Premium at the specified restore point in time, the new database will also be a Premium database and the performance level is set to P1 SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 45
  46. 46. PART TWO: Azure SQL Database Backup and Restore The time taken to complete a restore depends on the size of the database and the length of the log chain. To get a good estimate of the restore time, you should periodically test restoring the database. You can monitor the restore operation using sys.dm_operation_status. Service Tier Geo-Restore Self-Service Point in Time Restore Backup Retention Period Restore a Deleted Database Web Not supported Not supported n/a n/a Business Not supported Not supported n/a n/a Basic Supported Supported 7 days √ Standard Supported Supported 14 days √ Premium Supported Supported 35 days √ SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 46
  47. 47. PART TWO: SQL Server Backup and Restore with Windows Azure Blob Storage Service  SQL Server backups to and restoring from the Windows Azure Blob storage service. It also provides a summary of the benefits of using the Windows Azure Blob service to store SQL Server backups.  SQL Server supports storing backups to the Windows Azure Blob storage service in the following ways:  Manage your backups to Windows Azure: Using the same methods used to backup to DISK and TAPE, you can now back up to Windows Azure storage by Specifying URL as the backup destination. You can use this feature to manually backup or configure your own backup strategy like you would for a local storage or other off-site options. This feature is also referred to as SQL Server Backup to URL. For more information, see SQL Server Backup to URL. This feature is available in SQL Server 2012 SP1 CU2 or later. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 47
  48. 48. PART TWO: SQL Server Backup and Restore with Windows Azure Blob Storage Service Benefits of Using the Windows Azure Blob Service for SQL Server Backups  Flexible, reliable, and limitless off-site storage: Storing your backups on Windows Azure Blob service can be a convenient, flexible, and easy to access off-site option. Creating off-site storage for your SQL Server backups can be as easy as modifying your existing scripts/jobsBy choosing to geo replicate the Blob storage you have an extra layer of protection in the event of a disaster that could affect the whole region. In addition, backups are available from anywhere and at any time and can easily be accessed for restores.  Backup Archive: The Windows Azure Blob Storage service offers a better alternative to the often used tape option to archive backups. Tape storage might require physical transportation to an off-site facility and measures to protect the media. Storing your backups in Windows Azure Blob Storage provides an instant, highly available, and a durable archiving option.  No overhead of hardware management: There is no overhead of hardware management with Windows Azure services. Windows Azure services manage the hardware and provide geo-replication for redundancy and protection against hardware failures.  Cost Benefits: Pay only for the service that is used. Can be cost-effective as an off-site and backup archive option. See the Windows Azure Billing Considerations section for more information and links. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 48
  49. 49. PART TWO: SQL Server Backup and Restore with Windows Azure Blob Storage Service Benefits of Using the Windows Azure Blob Service for SQL Server Backups  Currently for instances of SQL Server running in a Windows Azure Virtual Machine, backing up to Windows Azure Blob storage services can be done by creating attached disks. However, there is a limit to the number of disks you can attach to a Windows Azure Virtual Machine. This limit is 16 disks for an extra large instance and fewer for smaller instances. By enabling a direct backup to Windows Azure Blob Storage, you can bypass the 16 disk limit.  In addition, the backup file which now is stored in the Windows Azure Blob storage service is directly available to either an on-premises SQL Server or another SQL Server running in a Windows Azure Virtual Machine, without the need for database attach/detach or downloading and attaching the VHD. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 49
  50. 50. PART THREE: Cloud
  51. 51. PART THREE: RedGate Cloud Services  What is Cloud Services from Red Gate?  Suite of tools to help managing cloud services  Came out of SQL Azure Backup  Launched in Feb 2012 – continually developing  Contain different, but integrated features  Set up SQL Azure backup/restore  Back up/Restore your Blob storage  Back up/Restore Azure table  Flexible scheduling  Receive automated emails after each job  Quickly review your job  Control how your SQL Azure backups are named SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 51
  52. 52. PART TWO: Cloud Services  What is Cloud Services from Red Gate?  Suite of tools to help managing cloud services  Came out of SQL Azure Backup  Launched in Feb 2012 – continually developing  Contain different, but integrated features  Set up SQL Azure backup/restore  Back up/Restore your Blob storage  Back up/Restore Azure table  Flexible scheduling  Receive automated emails after each job  Quickly review your job  Control how your SQL Azure backups are named SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 52
  53. 53. PART TWO: Backup and Restore  Backup to Azure Blob Storage or Amazon S3  Format is a .bacpac  Zip file containing xml schema and json data  Permissions needed for a transactional backup  dbmanager and dbo  ( CREATE DATABASE x AS COPY OF y)  To export to bacpac file  dbo SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 53
  54. 54. Don’t Ask Me…
  55. 55. SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 59
  56. 56. APPENDIX: links & demos
  57. 57. Most Important Article (in my private opinion) http://bit.ly/WIHlDL Authors: Conor Cunningham, Tobias Ternström, Silvano Coriani, Ewan Fairweather Contributing Author: Ralph Squillace SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 61
  58. 58. MSDN SQL Database District Windows Azure SQL Database (formerly SQL Azure) | http://bit.ly/H0Wdfx  What's New in Windows Azure SQL Database (formerly SQL Azure)  Backward Compatibility in Windows Azure SQL Database  Known Issues in Windows Azure SQL Database  Introducing Windows Azure SQL Database  Tutorials  Feedback and Community Information  Windows Azure Platform Management Portal  Windows Azure SQL Database Concepts  Administration  Development  Guidelines and Limitations  Management REST API Reference  Transact-SQL Reference  Errors and Exceptions Reference SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 62
  59. 59. APPENDIX: additional links  Red Gate Cloud Ready Services  http://cloudservices.red-gate.com/  General Guidelines and Limitations (Windows Azure SQL Database)  http://bit.ly/11wB6cK  Adventure Works for SQL Database (formerly SQL Azure)  http://bit.ly/125s0W0  Federations: Building Scalable, Elastic, and Multi-tenant Database Solutions http://bit.ly/ZxzjmQ | http://bit.ly/15GzIEE  Error Messages (Windows Azure SQL Database)  http://bit.ly/17tnQtE  Compare SQL Server with Windows Azure SQL Database  http://bit.ly/15RyB5u SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 63
  60. 60. CONTACT: AFTER SESSION  MAIL: KoprowskiT@windowslive.com  MSG: KoprowskiT@windowslive.com  TWITTER/FACEBOOK/LINKEDIN: KoprowskiT SLIDES FROM SESSION:  SQL Relay 2014 Page: https://www.sqlsaturday.com/311/schedule.aspx  SlideShare Profile: http://www.slideshare.net/Anorak BLOGS:  ITPRO Anorak’s Vision: http://itblogs.pl/notbeautifulanymore/ [PL/EN]  Volume Licensing Specialites: http://koprowskit.eu/licensing/ [PL]  My MVP Blog: http://koprowskit.eu/geek/ [EN/ES/PL] SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 64
  61. 61. ThankYouVery Much Q & A SQL RELAY 2014 | READING OCT 13TH | KOPROWSKIT - FROM PLAN, TO BACKUP, TO CLOUD 65

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