Unit 11 grammar presentation 3

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Unit 11 grammar presentation 3

  1. 1. Unit 11 Grammar Notes Part 3 on Page 179
  2. 2. 3. EXPLANATION EXAMPLE(S) T0 report indirect questions, we normally use ask in its simple past form. Mrs. Mason asked Mary if she was going to resign. I asked my boss whether I could take Friday off. My boss asked me why I needed time off.
  3. 3. BE CAREFUL! Indirect questions end with a period, not a question mark. Do not use do, does or did in an indirect question.
  4. 4. 3. CORRECT **INCORRECT Sue asked Helen if she had talked to her boss. Helen asked Sue where the boss’s office was. Sue asked Helen how she could work there three years without knowing that. **Sue asked Helen did she talk to her boss. **Helen asked Sue where was the boss’s office. **Sue asked Helen how could she work there three years without knowing that.
  5. 5. 3. EXPLANATION EXAMPLE(S) Use if or whether (or not), not that, to introduce an indirect yes/no question. If and whether (or not) are similar in meaning and are often used interchangeably. We often use whether (or not) to emphasize alternatives or different possibilities. Bob asked, “Do you think she’ll take the job?”  Bob asked whether or not she would take the job = Bob asked whether she would take the job  Bob asked if she would take the job.
  6. 6. Use statement word order, not question word order, to report yes/no questions.
  7. 7. 3. CORRECT **INCORRECT I asked if we would know the answer soon. I asked whether the answer would be sent by e-mail. I asked if anyone was going to answer the question. **I asked would we know the answer soon. **I asked would the answer be sent by e- mail. **I asked was anyone going to answer the question.

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