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Unit 11 grammar presentation

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Unit 11 grammar presentation

  1. 1. S Unit 11 Grammar Presentation Pages 176-177
  2. 2. Direct and Indirect Speech Statements: Direct Speech Subject Reporting Verb Direct Statement He said, “The food is delicious.” “The bill includes service.” “The service was slow.”
  3. 3. Direct and Indirect Speech Statements: Indirect Speech Subject Reportin g Verb Noun/Pronou n Indirect Statement He said O (that) the food was delicious. told Miriam/her the bill included service. the service had been slow.
  4. 4. Direct and Indirect Speech Yes/No Questions: Direct Speech Subject Reporting Verb Direct Question The chair asked, “Have you finished your report?” “Do you think we are going to have time to finish?”
  5. 5. Direct and Indirect Speech Yes/No Questions: Indirect Speech Subject Reportin g Verb Noun/Pron oun Indirect Question The chair asked (Marta) if/ whether (or not) she had finished her report. (her) she thought they were going to have time to finish.
  6. 6. Direct and Indirect Speech Wh- Questions: Direct Speech Subject Reporting Verb Direct Question The customer asked, “What time does the manager arrive?” “Who is the manager?”
  7. 7. Direct and Indirect Speech Wh- Questions: Indirect Speech Subject Reporting Verb Indirect Question The customer asked what time the manager arrived. who the manager was.
  8. 8. Verb Changes in Indirect Speech Direct Speech Verb He said, “I report the news. am reporting reported have reported had reported will report can report should report
  9. 9. Verb Changes in Indirect Speech Indirect Speech Verb He said (that) he reported the news was reporting had reported would report could report should report
  10. 10. Other Changes in Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Pronouns “Andy, are you listening?” Mary asked. Mary asked Andy if he was listening. Possessives The boss said, “Sue, bring your camera.” The boss told Sue to bring her camera. This “Can I have this film?” Sam asked Sam asked if he could have that film. Here Mrs. Brown asked, “Will you be here?” Mrs. Brown asked if I would be there.”
  11. 11. Other Changes in Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Ago “We came a year ago,” Jim said. Jim said (that) they had come a year before/previously. Now Bob asked, “Are you leaving now? Bob asked if I was leaving then. Today “I need to work tomorrow,” Jack said. Jack said (that) he needed to work that day. Yesterday The reporter asked, “Did you call yesterday?” The reporter asked if I had called the previous day/the day before. Tomorrow “Are you arriving tomorrow?” Sarah asked. Sarah asked if we were arriving the next day.

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