Unit 11 Grammar Notes
Part 5, Page 179
If the reporting verb is in
the simple past, the verb
in the noun clause often
changes.
5.
Explanation Example(s)
imperative 
infinitive
The teacher said,
“Open your
books.”

The teacher told
us to open our
b...
5.
Explanation Example(s)
simple present 
simple past
Bill said, “I invest
in the stock
market.”

Bill said (that) he
in...
5.
Explanation Example(s)
present
progressive 
past progressive
Mary asked John,
“Are you studying
political science?”

...
5.
Explanation Example(s)
simple past  past
perfect
“Priscilla prepared a
delicious meal,”
Mark said

Mark said that
Pri...
5.
Explanation Example(s)
present perfect 
past perfect
“Sam, have you ever
eaten at that
restaurant?” Jack
asked.

Jack...
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Unit 11 grammar notes 5

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Unit 11 grammar notes 5

  1. 1. Unit 11 Grammar Notes Part 5, Page 179
  2. 2. If the reporting verb is in the simple past, the verb in the noun clause often changes.
  3. 3. 5. Explanation Example(s) imperative  infinitive The teacher said, “Open your books.”  The teacher told us to open our books
  4. 4. 5. Explanation Example(s) simple present  simple past Bill said, “I invest in the stock market.”  Bill said (that) he invested in the stock market.
  5. 5. 5. Explanation Example(s) present progressive  past progressive Mary asked John, “Are you studying political science?”  Mary asked John if he was studying political science.
  6. 6. 5. Explanation Example(s) simple past  past perfect “Priscilla prepared a delicious meal,” Mark said  Mark said that Priscilla (that) had prepared a delicious meal.
  7. 7. 5. Explanation Example(s) present perfect  past perfect “Sam, have you ever eaten at that restaurant?” Jack asked.  Jack asked Sam if he had ever eaten at that restaurant.

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