Three kinds of clauses


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Three kinds of clauses

  1. 1. Adjective Clauses Adverb Clauses Noun Clauses
  2. 2. What is a clause?A sentence with a subject and a verb that is part of a longer sentence
  3. 3. Adjective Clauses (Lesson 6)
  4. 4. Adjective Clauses 1) modify a noun2) usually go after the noun they modify 3) usually begin with a relative pronoun
  5. 5. Examples of sentences with adjective clauses:
  6. 6. A have a friend who is a computer programmer.
  7. 7. Bill Gates, who is a richperson, created Microsoft.
  8. 8. Adverb Clauses = Adverbial Clause (Chapter 8)
  9. 9. An adverb clause 1) gives more information about the main clause 2) It can be the first half or thesecond half of a complex sentence 3) It begins with a subordinator = and adverbial expression
  10. 10. She went to Canada before she came to the U.S.Before she came to the U.S., she went to Canada
  11. 11. I came to the United States so that I could be reunited with my family.
  12. 12. If she saves enough money, she will travel to Europe.
  13. 13. Noun Clauses: 1) Replaces a noun in the sentence. 2) Can be anywhere in the sentencebecause a noun clause can replace the subject, the object, or the object of a preposition. 3) Usually begins with “that” or a question word (“what,” “when,” “where,” “why,” “who,” etc.)
  14. 14. Some words can be used in more than one kind of clause! For example, “when”:
  15. 15. An adjective clause:I was born in 1947, when World War 2 was recently finished.
  16. 16. An adverb clause:I lived in Orange County when I first got to the U.S.
  17. 17. An noun clause:I don’t know when Bill Gates was born.