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  • Textile Novel & Smart Fabrics

    1. 1. John Hardin, Ph.D . Acting Executive Director North Carolina Board of Science and Technology [email_address] Nanotechnology in North Carolina Assets, Activities, Challenges, and Opportunities Presented at the RTRP All-Cluster Network Meeting CED Entrepreneurship Center June 4, 2008 http://www.ncscienceandtechnology.com
    2. 2. Pop Quiz!!! <ul><li>What does “nano” mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Is nanotechnology an industry? </li></ul><ul><li>How many companies in NC are currently known to be working with nanotechnology? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Presentation Overview <ul><li>What is nanotech*? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is nanotech important? </li></ul><ul><li>What are NC’s nanotech assets, activities, challenges, and opportunities? </li></ul><ul><li>*Throughout this presentation, “nanotechnology” will be abbreviated as “nanotech” </li></ul>For additional information about nanotech in NC, see: NCnanotechnology.com
    4. 4. <ul><li>Information clearinghouse about nanotechnology, particularly in NC </li></ul><ul><li>Since December 26 (five months): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 7,500 page views </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 3,700 visits from 83 countries, 49 U.S. States, and 91 N.C. cities </li></ul></ul>NCnanotechnology.com
    5. 5. 1. What is nanotech?
    6. 6. Nanotech Defined <ul><li>Nano = Greek for “Dwarf” </li></ul><ul><li>Nano = “1 billionth” </li></ul><ul><li>Research and development at the atomic, molecular, or macromolecular levels, in the length scale of approximately 1-100 nanometer range . . . </li></ul><ul><li>. . . to create and use structures, devices and systems that have novel properties and functions because of their small and/or intermediate size </li></ul><ul><li>Nanotech involves purposeful imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale </li></ul>Source: National Nanotechnology Initiative
    7. 7. <ul><li>Virtually all of science and engineering have converged to work at the nanoscale </li></ul><ul><li>Giving us unprecedented understanding and control of elemental phenomena such as intracellular processes, chemical reactions, and quantum mechanics </li></ul><ul><li>We now can build materials literally molecule-by-molecule , allowing us to harness previously inaccessible properties of matter </li></ul>Source: National Nanotechnology Initiative Nanotech Defined
    8. 8. Understanding Size <ul><li>How big (small) are we talking about? </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>1 meter </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    10. 10. <ul><li>10 centimeters </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    11. 11. <ul><li>1 centimeter </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    12. 12. <ul><li>1,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Micrometers </li></ul><ul><li>( µ m) </li></ul><ul><li>1 mm </li></ul><ul><li>1,000,000 nm </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    13. 13. <ul><li>100 </li></ul><ul><li>micrometers </li></ul><ul><li>( µ m) </li></ul><ul><li>0.1mm </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 nm </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    14. 14. <ul><li>10 </li></ul><ul><li>micrometers </li></ul><ul><li>( µ m) </li></ul><ul><li>0.01 mm </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 nm </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    15. 15. <ul><li>1,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Nanometers </li></ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>micrometer </li></ul><ul><li>( µ m) </li></ul><ul><li>0.001 mm </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    16. 16. <ul><li>100 </li></ul><ul><li>nanometers </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    17. 17. <ul><li>10 </li></ul><ul><li>nanometers </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    18. 18. <ul><li>1 nanometer </li></ul>Understanding Size source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.ch/microcosm/P10/english/P0.html
    19. 19. Size Matters <ul><li>It’s not just how big you are; it’s what you can do with it </li></ul><ul><li>As things approach the nanoscale, new properties emerge due to size confinement and quantum phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically, nanotechnology will permit control of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural properties (e.g. strength and ductility) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermal properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optical properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catalytic properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biocompatibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friction </li></ul></ul>Source: National Nanotechnology Initiative
    20. 20. 2. Why is nanotech important?
    21. 21. New Products, New Companies, & New Jobs Source: National Nanotechnology Initiative; NanoBusiness Alliance Textiles Novel & Smart Fabrics Medicine Diagnostics & Drug Delivery Machinery Materials & Coatings Environment Filtration & Purification Energy Catalysts & Converters Electronics Semiconductors & Switches
    22. 22. Diverse products already incorporate nanotech Source: Lux Research
    23. 23. Source: National Science Foundation Predicted Impact of Nanotech on the Global Economy <ul><ul><li>$340B materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$300B electronics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$180B pharmaceuticals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$100B chemical manufacture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$70B aerospace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$45B sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$30B improved healthcare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$20B tools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Market size predictions: $1 trillion over next 10-12 years </li></ul>
    24. 24. Conventional Wisdom and Market Realities of Nanotech
    25. 25. The Nanotech Value Chain Source: October 2004 Lux Research Report “Sizing Nanotechnology’s Value Chain”
    26. 26. 3. What are NC’s nanotech assets, activities, challenges & opportunities?
    27. 27. Roadmap Background and Goal <ul><li>In spring 2005, NC’s Senior Science & Technology Advisor and its Board of Science and Technology formed the Governor’s Task Force on Nanotechnology and the Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Composed of 28 members broadly representing business, academia, and the public sector from across NC, its charge was to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a roadmap for an aggressive and coordinated initiative to advance successful nanotech-based economic development and high-wage employment across NC </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Roadmap Approach End Goal <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities & Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Industry-University Nexus </li></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Culture & Goals of Commercialization Organizations </li></ul>Commercialization <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>K-16 Education System </li></ul><ul><li>Industry Training </li></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Culture & Goals of Education/Training Organizations </li></ul>Education & Workforce Environment Public Leadership Public Understanding Public Leadership Public Understanding <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities & Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Culture & Goals of Research & Development Organizations </li></ul>Research & Development * * [Inputs] [Outputs] [1 st -Order Outcomes] Economic Development Technology Companies ( New & Enhanced) * [2 nd -Order Outcomes] Innovative Ideas Innovative Technologies
    29. 29. RDU 8 th among U.S regions in university-based nanotech research; not predicable based on region’s size, economy, or strength of science base Sample Findings: R&D Patterns NC ranks in top 10 states in R&D funding from National Nanotech Initiative
    30. 30. Nanotechnology in the U.S. South <ul><li>Study focused on the potential of the U.S. South (13 states*) to develop a viable nanotech clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Ten indicators in four areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R&D funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patenting </li></ul></ul>Source: Youtie & Shapira (2008). Forthcoming in The Journal of Technology Transfer *Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina , Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, & West Virginia
    31. 31. Findings: <ul><li>Overall findings: Much of U.S. South has little potential to develop significant nanotech strengths, except for a few clusters: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research Triangle Park, NC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atlanta, GA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oak Ridge, TN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>North Carolina, driven by RTP region, ranked the highest on all 10 indicators </li></ul>Source: Youtie & Shapira (2008). Forthcoming in The Journal of Technology Transfer
    32. 32. Nanotech funding to NC universities increased 5-fold (conservative estimate) Sample Findings: R&D Trends
    33. 33. NC universities are home to more than 30 organized R&D units focusing on nanotech Sample Findings: R&D Patterns Source: A Roadmap for Nanotechnology in North Carolina’s 21 st Century Economy
    34. 34. NC has nearly 60 nanotech companies and a statewide distribution of high-tech clusters that will be highly impacted by nanotech Sample Findings: Commercial Approximately 50% of companies identified as working with nanotech were originally affiliated with local universities Source: A Roadmap for Nanotechnology in North Carolina’s 21 st Century Economy
    35. 35. NC has a strong presence in several tech clusters that will be highly impacted by nanotech; nanotech could help grow weak clusters Sample Findings & Predictions: Commercial Source: Hardin and Harder(2003). Tracking Innovation: North Carolina Innovation Index.
    36. 36. The Nanotech Value Chain Source: October 2004 Lux Research Report “Sizing Nanotechnology’s Value Chain”
    37. 37. Alamac AccuFLEX Liquid Logic Alnis Amphora Asklêpios Centice Coventer Dotmetrics Expression Analysis Hydro-Flo INI Liquidia Materials Analytical Svc. MMFX Steel Nanolytics NanotechLabs Nextreme Optotrack QuarTek SolarAMP Umicore VF Corp Xintek Ziptronix Nanomaterials (14) Nanointermediates (12) Nano-Enabled Products (7) North Carolina Nanotech Value Chain LaamScience ProtoChips Sensory Analytics Pharm Agra Trimeris Chemsee, Inc ZellComp Hexatech Biomachines International Tech. Center Nanolume 3rdTech Nanotech Capital RTI Tiny Technology Micell MEMScap HPC Hydrosize Institutec Microphase Semiconductor Research Appealing Products Nanotools (15) Source: Gereffi, Frederick, & Ong (2007). Nanotechnology In North Carolina Presentation 3rd Tech
    38. 38. Strengths & Weaknesses of NC to form Nanotech Clusters <ul><li>Strengths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established emphasis on enabling technology industries: biotech & info tech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing manufacturing base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong university infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local support (government) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of strong linkages to critical U.S. centers in California and Northeast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not fully capitalizing access to strong research universities and centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller regional capital pools and limited private R&D </li></ul></ul>Source: Youtie & Shapira (2008). Forthcoming in The Journal of Technology Transfer
    39. 39. Challenges & Opportunities <ul><li>Lack of access to early-stage capital , especially for companies in the research phase </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of access to university equipment & facilities , especially for companies involved in nanotech research </li></ul><ul><li>NC university nanotech programs do not have significant industry collaborations </li></ul>Source: Bozeman, Hardin, & Link (2007). Presentation at the 2007 Tech Transfer Society Conference. Research paper forthcoming in Economics of Innovation and New Technologies, 2008.
    40. 40. Sample Findings: Public Understanding & Leadership <ul><li>2004 national survey found that Americans hold a generally positive view of nanotech and believe potential benefits outweigh potential risks </li></ul><ul><li>But more than 80% of those surveyed indicated they had heard “little” or “nothing” about nanotech, and most could not correctly answer factual questions about it </li></ul><ul><li>NC companies using nanotechnology feel strongly that public understanding of and public leadership support is critical for successful development of nanotechnology businesses </li></ul><ul><li>To date, nanotech has received limited attention by the public, policy makers, and the media in NC </li></ul>Source: Cobb and Macoubrie, 2004
    41. 41. Conclusion <ul><li>Nanotech will have profound and widespread impacts on society and the economy </li></ul><ul><li>NC is strong overall in nanotech (particularly university R&D) but needs to strengthen certain weaker linkages and areas (industry R&D, commercialization, and workforce development) </li></ul><ul><li>To successfully grow nanotech-based clusters, NC will increasingly need to incorporate nanotech into its economic development strategies </li></ul><ul><li>NC’s Nanotech Roadmap outlines critical steps for advancing nanotech in NC </li></ul>