Sector Specific Initiatives Reaching Consensus In Areas Such As Construction Or Textiles


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Sector Specific Initiatives Reaching Consensus In Areas Such As Construction Or Textiles

  1. 1. A Perspective on the Evolution of ICT and its Standards Prof. François Coallier fcoallier
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>The Information & Communications Technology (ICT) domain include a wide range of technologies that have been evolving at a brisk pace for the last thirty years.  The direct and indirect economic importance of ICT in industrialized societies is very significant, if not critical.  This short presentation will provide a perspective on what ICT is and its probable evolution in the near to middle term. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is ICT ? <ul><li>ISO/IEC JTC 1 Terms of References: </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization in the field of Information Technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology includes the specification, design and development of systems and tools dealing with the capture, representation, processing, security, transfer, interchange, presentation, management, organization, storage and retrieval of information </li></ul>
  4. 4. Markets Size (10 9 US $) Global ICT 1998 [1] ICT Vendor 2002 [2] [1] Miller, H.; Sanders, J , Scoping the global market: size is just part of the story , IEEE IT Professional, Volume: 1 Issue: 2 , March-April 1999, Page(s): 49 -54 [2] R.Fulton, COM-15-1667, Predicts 2002 – What’s Ahead for the IT Industry, Gartner Research, Research Note, 2002-01-08 1 827 TOTAL 29 Other Office Equipment 115 IT Software 266 IT Services 304 Internal Spending 336 IT Hardware 777 Telecommunications 1 440 TOTAL 350 Support/Management IT Services 150 Semiconductors 250 Project Oriented IT Services 70 Software Licenses 240 Computer Systems Hardware 380 Telecommunications equipment
  5. 5. Canada’s market http://
  6. 6. Canada’s market http://
  7. 7. From: The fortune of the commons. In Coming of Age - A Survey of the IT Industry. The Economist, May 8th 2003
  8. 8. System Integration Market   :Exhibit 5 of « When computers learn to talk: A Web services primer », S. Patil et S. Saigal, The McKinsey Quarterly, no 1, 2002, Web exclusive
  9. 9. Strategic developments <ul><li>Middleware and Web Services </li></ul><ul><li>Ontologies </li></ul><ul><li>Security and Authentication </li></ul><ul><li>ICT systems architecting and engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Management of intellectual property rights </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy Management </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband / Wireless </li></ul>
  10. 10. Wi-FI Hotspots Expansion From: Bubble trouble Jun 26th 2003 The Economist Some technologies can spread very fast. Note: this exclude home networks
  11. 11. OASIS B2B Conceptual Model (2003) Reference: OASIS Quality of Services Management S e c u r i t y XML Syntax Network Transport Vertical Industry Area XML and Web Services Area Generalized Processes Specialized Processes Generalized Content Specialized Content Messaging Service Description Language Presentation Description Transaction Patterns Transaction Instance Repository Registry / Directory Process Description Language Content Definition Language Conformance and Interoperability
  12. 12. Key Players <ul><li>Web Services: OASIS, W3C </li></ul><ul><li>Ontologies: OASIS, ‘Vertical’ Associations and Consortia </li></ul><ul><li>Security and Authentication : OASIS, JTC 1,... </li></ul><ul><li>ICT systems architecting and engineering: JTC 1, IEEE, OMG. </li></ul><ul><li>Management of Intellectual Property Rights: OASIS, IEEE, JTC 1,… </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy Management: IETF, Liberty Aliance, W3C. </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband / Wireless: IEEE,.. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Selected Regional ICT Standardization Initiatives <ul><li>EU/CEN: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design for All – and assistive technologies for eAccessibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eBusiness and eCommerce – from ebXML and online procurement issues to sector-specific initiatives reaching consensus in areas such as construction or textiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eHealth – healthcare informatics. New activities in this domain are under review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eLearning – for both academic and workplace environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent Transport – road and traffic telematics, including e-safety, electronic fee collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Interest - work to support EU legislative and policy initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Cards and related – from the technical requirements of cards and readers to applications in authentication and ticketing </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Selected Regional ICT Standardization Initiatives <ul><li>US </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthcare Informatics Standards Board: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information System Standards Board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Infrastructure Standards Panel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NIST </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NIST assists industry groups as they develop IT standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector-Focused Activities: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Data Exchange </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Systems Integration Division </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Wireless Electronic Systems Testbed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusions <ul><li>ICT is a key sector of Canada’s economy, as well as a critical infrastructure and enabler. </li></ul><ul><li>ICT should keep its current pace of development during the decade. </li></ul><ul><li>The ICT service sector is rapidly going global. </li></ul><ul><li>Consortia drive ICT standards development (about 350 of them according to a recent CEN survey). </li></ul><ul><li>Formal standards bodies are adopting Consortia developed standards that meet their criteria. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Recommendations <ul><li>Focus limited resources on key value-added activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced awareness tools (web site) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support strategic sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telecom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Software & Computer Services’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support strategic application domains (e.g. health) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support participation in key committees: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consortia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formal standards bodies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. BACKUPS
  18. 18. ICT Taxonomy Model Human Interfaces Processes and Methods APIs and Middleware Hardware and Devices Base Technologies Ontologies ICT Social and Cultural
  19. 19. Computer Games Market (billions of US $) Console wars , Jun 20th 2002 , The Economist http:// =1189352 32 32 33 35 CDs 30 26 21 18 DVD/Video 20 19 18 18 Cinema box-office receipts 19 17 15 13 Games Software 2003 2002 2001 2000
  20. 20. Other trends to track <ul><li>Intelligent tags (will eventually replace barcodes) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Broadband’ (Wi-Fi, UWB, 4G, fiber to the home, HDSL,..) </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible displays / digital paper </li></ul><ul><li>Geo-enabling of the web </li></ul><ul><li>Utility computing </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Networks (Mesh, P2P, PAN) </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Human – machine interface </li></ul>
  21. 21. Digital Home Working Group Vision Consumers want their devices to work together and share content BROADBAND Entertainment, E-Business, Services MEDIA Pre-Recorded Content Personal Media MOBILE MULTIMEDIA Entertainment, Personal Pictures and Video, Services BROADCAST Services, Entertainment © 2003 Digital Home Working Group
  22. 22. Digital Home Vision IPv6 UPnP Arch v2 DRM/CP Interoperability Physical Network Network Protocol Device Discovery and Control Media Transports Media Formats Digital Rights Management/ Content Protection 2004 2005 2006+ Candidates for DHWG Technologies Disclaimer: Some of the formats/standards referenced above are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Under Consideration in DHWG Required: PNG, JPEG, LPCM, MPEG2 Optional: GIF, TIFF, MP3, WMA9, AC-3, AAC, ATRAC3plus, MPEG1, MPEG2, MPEG4, WMV9 DRM/CP Technologies IP IPv4 UPnP Arch v1 Ethernet UPnP DCP AVv1 HTTP Wired 802.3u Wireless 802.11a/b/g Future Potential Technologies JPEG2K, MPEG4 DHWG Media Formats Wireless 802.11e/i © 2003 Digital Home Working Group