Secp Lead Hazards Ab


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Secp Lead Hazards Ab

  1. 1. Lead-Based Paint Investigations Andrew Burgie, MS Center for Occupational & Environmental Health at Hunter College
  2. 2. Lead-Based Paint: Course Overview <ul><li>What is Lead-Based Paint? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it Toxic? </li></ul><ul><li>When is it Hazardous? </li></ul><ul><li>What Laws Govern Lead-Based Paint? </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizing, Evaluating, and Controlling Hazardous Lead Environments? </li></ul><ul><li>Questions and Discussion </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Lead-Based Paint?
  4. 4. Definition of Lead-Based Paint <ul><li>Paint with lead levels that are: </li></ul><ul><li>> 1.0 milligram per square centimeter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>> 1.0 mg/cm 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>>0.5% by weight </li></ul>U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development Note: If yellow box = 1 cm 2 , 1 mg. or more of lead found in chip would be above legal lead limit
  5. 5. Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) <ul><li>OSHA (1970) - Employer provides a “safe and healthy” workplace. Employee abides by employer rules concerning same. </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA Lead Standards in Industry: </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1025 – General </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA 29 CFR 1926.62 – Construction </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA 29 CFR 1915.1025 – Maritime </li></ul>
  6. 6. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) <ul><li>TSCA (1976) - Toxic Substances Control Act - Manufacturers and importers of chemicals required to include info about health and environmental effects of those chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>EPA Lead Standards: </li></ul><ul><li>Title 15 Chapter 53 (Subchapter IV – lead exposure reduction) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Department of Housing & Urban Development (HUD) <ul><li>HUD (1965) - Housing and Urban Development Act - Mission is to guarantee a decent , safe , and sanitary home and suitable living environment for every American </li></ul><ul><li>HUD Lead Standards: </li></ul><ul><li>Title X – Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992: ( Section 1018 – Disclosure of Lead-Based Paint) </li></ul>
  8. 8. When is Lead-Based Paint Toxic?
  9. 9. Lead Facts: Routes of Entry <ul><li>Lead can be inhaled in the form of dust </li></ul><ul><li>Lead can be ingested in the form of paint chips, soil contaminated with lead, toys or other objects covered with lead dust, tainted drinking water </li></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  10. 10. Lead Facts: Health Effects <ul><li>Both adults and children can get lead poisoning depending on the concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Children are more susceptible because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children’s brains and nervous system are more sensitive to damaging effects of lead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children’s growing bodies absorb more lead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Babies and young children often put their hands and other objects in their mouths which may have lead dust on them </li></ul></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  11. 11. Lead Facts: Health Effects <ul><li>Children with high lead levels can experience: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to brain and nervous system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior and learning problems (hyperactivity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slowed growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  12. 12. Lead Facts: Health Effects <ul><li>Blood tests for children are recommended: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At ages 1 and 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If exposure to high levels of lead has occurred </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If local health screening plan requires it </li></ul></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  13. 13. Lead Facts: Health Effects <ul><li>Adults can suffer from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulties during pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other reproductive problems (men & women) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High blood pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digestive problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory and concentration problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle and joint pain </li></ul></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  14. 14. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) <ul><li>SECTION I - Identification Data </li></ul><ul><li>SECTION II - Hazardous Ingredients Data </li></ul><ul><li>SECTION III - Physical & Chemical Characteristics Data </li></ul><ul><li>SECTION IV - Fire & Explosion Data </li></ul><ul><li>SECTION V - Reactivity Data </li></ul><ul><li>SECTION VI - Health Hazards Data </li></ul><ul><li>SECTION VII - Special Handling Information (Spill, Leak, Disposal) </li></ul><ul><li>SECTION VIII - Control Measures (Ventilation, PPE) </li></ul><ul><li>SECTION IX - Special Precautions & Additional Information </li></ul>
  15. 15. Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet <ul><li>I - Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Product Name (As appears on label): LEDIZOLV ® </li></ul><ul><li>CAS Registry Number: Not Applicable </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Date: January 8, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Family: Anionic Liquid Detergent </li></ul><ul><li>II - Hazardous Ingredients / Identity Information </li></ul><ul><li>There are no hazardous ingredients in LEDIZOLV as defined by the OSHA Standard and Hazardous Substance List 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Z. Contains no Canadian WHMIS controlled substances. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet <ul><li>III - Physical / Chemical Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Boiling Point (F): 220 degrees F </li></ul><ul><li>Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): N/A </li></ul><ul><li>Vapor Density (AIR=1): N/A </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Gravity : 1.080 </li></ul><ul><li>Melting Point: N/A </li></ul><ul><li>Evaporation Rate (Butyl Acetate=1): N/A </li></ul><ul><li>Solubility in Water : Completely soluble in all proportions. </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance and Odor : Amber liquid - nearly odorless. </li></ul><ul><li>IV - Fire and Explosion Data </li></ul><ul><li>Flash Point (Method Used): None (Open cup) </li></ul><ul><li>Flammable Limits: LEL, N/S ; UEL N/A </li></ul><ul><li>Extinguishing Media : Water, dry chemical, CO2, foam </li></ul><ul><li>Special Firefighting Procedures: Self-contained positive pressure breathing apparatus and protective clothing should be worn in fighting fires involving chemicals. </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: None </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet <ul><li>V - Reactivity Data </li></ul><ul><li>Stability : Stable </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur </li></ul><ul><li>Incompatibility (materials to avoid): None </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Decomposition or By-products: May release ammonia, carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide on burning. </li></ul><ul><li>VI - Health Hazard Data </li></ul><ul><li>Route(s) of Entry : Inhalation? No; Skin? No, except for open cuts or abrasions; Ingestion? Yes </li></ul><ul><li>Health Hazards (Acute and Chronic): Material may cause eye irritation and/or burns. May cause skin irritation. </li></ul><ul><li>Carcinogenicity : NTP? No; IARC Monographs? No; OSHA Regulated? No </li></ul>
  18. 18. Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet <ul><li>VI - Health Hazard Data (continued) </li></ul><ul><li>Signs and Symptoms of Exposure : Material may prove locally irritating. Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure Not Established. Unnecessary exposure to this product or any industrial chemical should be avoided. Pre-existing skin conditions may be aggravated by exposure. </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency and First Aid Procedures : Eyes-Immediately flush eyes with water for at least 15 minutes. Call a physician. Skin-Flush with plenty of water. Ingestion-Drink large quantities of water or milk. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs re-administer fluids. See a physician. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet <ul><li>VII - Precautions for Safe Handling and Use </li></ul><ul><li>Steps to be taken if Material is Released or Spilled : For small spills recover as much as possible to flush remainder to sewer. Large spills should be disposed of according to local regulations. Material is biodegradable. </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Disposal Method : Small quantities may be disposed of in sewer. Large quantities should be disposed of in accordance with local ordinances for non-hazardous detergent products. Precautions to be Taken in Storing and Handling: No special precautions in storing. Use protective equipment when handling undiluted material. </li></ul><ul><li>Other Precautions : Avoid splashing and spraying undiluted material. No other special requirements other than the good industrial hygiene and safety practices employed with any industrial chemical. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet <ul><li>VIII - Control Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory Protection (Specify Type): Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation : Local Exhaust – Normal </li></ul><ul><li>Special - Not Required </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical - Not Required </li></ul><ul><li>Other - Not Required </li></ul><ul><li>Protective Gloves : Impervious gloves are recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>Eye Protection : Goggles and/or splash shields are recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>Other Protective Clothing or Equipment : Eye wash station should be available. </li></ul><ul><li>Work/Hygienic Practices : Wash hands before eating, drinking or smoking. The information herein is given in good faith but no warranty is expressed or implied. </li></ul>
  21. 21. When is Lead-Based Paint Hazardous?
  22. 22. Factors Impacting Lead Hazard <ul><li>Building Age – Buildings built and painted before 1978, the year that lead was removed from household paint </li></ul><ul><li>Paint Condition – Poor quality paint that is chipping, peeling, cracking, pulverizing </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of Young Children – Children between the ages of 6 months and seven years old are susceptible due to their developing bodies, and desire to put objects in mouth </li></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  23. 23. Factors Impacting Lead Hazard <ul><li>Friction Surfaces – Surfaces that get a lot of wear-and-tear such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows and window sills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doors and door frames </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stairs, railings, banisters, and porches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renovations – Surfaces that are disturbed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor paint in soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indoor paint chips/ dust on floor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Old Pipes – Drinking water that runs through old water pipes with lead solder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City </li></ul></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  24. 24. Lead-Based Paint Legislation
  25. 25. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Lead Standards <ul><li>Lead Dust – </li></ul><ul><ul><li><40 micrograms per square foot (ug/ft 2 ) – floors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><250 ug/ft 2 - interior window sills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lead in Soil – </li></ul><ul><ul><li><400 parts per million (ppm) – play areas of bare soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><1,200 ppm (average) - bare soil in remainder of yard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lead in Water – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15 micrograms per liter (ug/L) – drinking water </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Recognizing Lead-Based Paint Hazards
  27. 27. Recognizing Lead Hazards <ul><li>Building Age – Buildings built/painted before 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>Paint Condition – Poor quality paint that is chipping, peeling, cracking, pulverizing </li></ul><ul><li>Friction Surfaces – Surfaces that get a lot of wear-and-tear such as windows, doors, stairs, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Renovations – Painted surfaces that are disturbed </li></ul><ul><li>Old Pipes – Drinking water may be impacted </li></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  28. 28. Evaluating Lead-Based Paint Hazards
  29. 29. Evaluating Lead Hazards <ul><li>Paint Inspection – Quantifies lead content of every different type of painted surface in home </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Assessment – Quantifies impact of lead based paint found in home on your health and how to address the hazards found through use of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual inspection of paint condition and location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) machine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lab tests of paint, dust, and soil samples (AAS) </li></ul></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  30. 30. Controlling Lead-Based Paint Hazards
  31. 31. Controlling Lead Hazards (Adults) <ul><li>Notify Landlord of paint in poor condition </li></ul><ul><li>Clean up paint chips immediately </li></ul><ul><li>Clean floors, window frames, window sills and other surfaces weekly (mop/sponge/warm water/general all-purpose cleaner or lead cleaner) </li></ul><ul><li>Thoroughly rinse sponges and mop heads after cleaning problem areas </li></ul><ul><li>Wash children’s hands often (especially before eating, naps, and bedtime </li></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  32. 32. Controlling Lead Hazards (Adults) <ul><li>Keep play areas clean (and toys or other easily accessible objects) </li></ul><ul><li>Clean or remove shoes before entering home to avoid tracking in lead from soil </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent children from chewing window sills or other painted surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure children eat nutritious, low-fat meals high in iron and calcium </li></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  33. 33. Controlling Lead Hazard (Adults) <ul><li>Repair damaged painted surfaces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have area tested for lead-based paint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not use dry or hot abrasive methods to prevent dust and fume generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporarily move your family or completely seal work area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow other safety measures prescribed in “Reducing Lead Hazards When Remodeling Your Home” at 1-800-424-LEAD </li></ul></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  34. 34. Controlling Lead Hazard (Adults) <ul><li>Plant grass to cover soil with high lead levels or plant “barrier” foliage </li></ul><ul><li>Hire a certified lead “abatement” contractor to permanently eliminate hazard (removing, sealing, or encapsulation with special materials. </li></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  35. 35. Controlling Lead Hazard (Kids) <ul><li>Notify Parent of paint in poor condition </li></ul><ul><li>Help keep play areas clean (and toys or other easily accessible objects) for siblings </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent sibling from chewing window sills or other painted surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure siblings eat nutritious, low-fat meals high in iron and calcium </li></ul>U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  36. 36. Questions & Comments
  37. 37. CONCLUSION <ul><li> - OSHA WEBSITE </li></ul><ul><li> - EPA WEBSITE </li></ul><ul><li> - NIOSH WEBSITE </li></ul><ul><li> - HUD WEBSITE </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>ANDREW BURGIE, M.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Occupational and Environmental Health at Hunter College </li></ul><ul><li>(212) 481-7652 </li></ul>