Safe Operation Of Farm Machinery


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Safe Operation Of Farm Machinery

  1. 1. 34.060 Farm Machinery Safe Operation of Farm Machinery
  2. 2. Why are agriculture workers at risk of injury? <ul><ul><ul><li>Farm machines perform a wide range of tasks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tillage </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>seeding </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>harvesting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>material handling. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>chemical application </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive use of chemicals on the farm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long hours on the job </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Hospitalized Farm Machinery Injuries 1990 - 1996 (2595 Cases) <ul><li>* Entanglement 774 </li></ul><ul><li>* Struck, pinned or runover 658 </li></ul><ul><li>* Runover 260 </li></ul><ul><li>* Fall from a machine then runover 141 </li></ul><ul><li>* Rollover 132 </li></ul><ul><li>* Struck by an object 80 </li></ul><ul><li>* Other 99 </li></ul><ul><li>* Unknown 132 </li></ul>Rollovers are the leading cause of fatal farm injuries in Canada!
  4. 4. Hazard Recognition and Hazard Types Hazard Type Description 1. Pinch Point Areas where moving parts close together 2. Entanglement Components that catch clothing, arms, or legs and wrap around or pull you in. 3. Sharp Edges Blades that cut or shear 4. Crush Point Components that close together trapping a hand, arm, foot or leg. 5. Visibility Due to obstructions observed on the machine
  5. 5. Hazard Recognition and Hazard Types (Continued) Hazard Type Description 6. Thrown Objects Machine components that pick and throw objects with great force for some distance 7. Energy Release Energy that can be released suddenly or not controlled 8. Falling Caused by slippery, cluttered surfaces, riding on machines 9. Speed Highway or field travel may cause hazards 10. Work Environment Extremes of heat and cold or environmental quality that affects the operator
  6. 6. Hazard Recognition and Hazard Types (Continued) Hazard Type Description 11. Cumulative Trauma Noise, vibration, and repetitive motion that causes nerve and muscle damage 12. Chemicals Liquids and gases used on machines that can be harmful 13. Run Over Machines can run over and crush people beneath them 14. Roll Over Tractors or other machines when pushed to their limits can overturn onto the operator
  7. 7. Grain Auger <ul><li>Main risk areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Instability / Upsets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep auger in the lowered position. Otherwise, the center of gravity will make it less stable </li></ul></ul></ul>The most dangerous machines on today’s farm! “ Never move a grain auger in operation, turn it off before moving it”
  8. 8. Grain Auger (Continued) <ul><ul><li>2. Flight / Drive Entanglement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent contact with the drive system while in operation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be familiar with all hazards associated with the machine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Overhead Power Line Contact </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess the area for overhead power lines before moving an auger </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Before raising an auger, a safe clearance of about 3m (10 ft) is needed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Hoisting Mechanism Failure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It must be checked regularly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secure all clamps and locking pins to avoid a collapse of the auger </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Two kinds of elevator collapse-type accidents A) Upend Accident B) Cable or winch failure “ No one should be permitted to stand under a grain auger”
  10. 10. Tractors <ul><li>Rollovers, the leading cause of fatal accidents on the farm! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>recognize hazards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>understand the consequences of hazards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>known how to avoid hazards </li></ul></ul></ul>“ By practicing hazards recognition, injuries and illnesses can be avoided”
  11. 11. Guidelines to Minimize Tractor Accidents Rollover results from: - steep sloping terrain - unstable ground - excessive load on the hitch 1. To minimized injuries on a rollover - use seat belts - use rollover protection bars 2 . On a curve or slope - avoid high speed * stability of the tractor may be lost.
  12. 12. Guidelines to Minimize Tractor Accidents (Continued) 3. Avoid ditches, embankments, and deep holes 4. Maintain a “ no seat, no rider” policy
  13. 13. Guidelines to Minimize Tractor Accidents (Continued) 5. Rollover & runover are the most causes of serious accidents on the farm -Avoid sudden moves * starts * stops * jerky turns -Be alert of the surroundings 6. Use caution when driving on Public Roads - Be alert of the traffic - Be courteous and defensive - On the machine * Use slow moving vehicle emblems
  14. 14. Guidelines to Minimize Tractor Accidents (Continued) 7. Hitch to the drawbar and hitch points: - hitching above the normal drawbar * tractor may tip over backwards 8. When a tractor is stopped: - brakes must be set securely - the park lock should be used
  15. 15. Day and Night Warning Signals * Day Travel - Slow-Moving Vehicle Emblem - Reflectors - Flags * Night Travel - Head Lamps - Warning Lamps - Tail Lamps - Turning Signals
  16. 16. Work-related farm fatalities involving tractors by mechanism (1990-1996) Mechanism Number of Deaths Runovers 79 Unspecified rollovers 67 Sideways rollover 40 Backward rollover 39 Pinned or struck by machine 32 Motor vehicle collision 29 Fall from a tractor 11 Entanglement 9 Other 14 Total 320
  17. 17. Farm Safety for Kids <ul><li>Children must have a safe, easily supervised play area </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards should be securely fenced and chemicals kept locked away </li></ul><ul><li>Spare equipment should be stored securely </li></ul><ul><li>Keep aggressive animals in childproof enclosures </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t allow child passengers </li></ul><ul><li>Children should never help with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hazardous machinery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dangerous animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dangerous chemical </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Equipment for Anhydrous Ammonia
  19. 19. What is Anhydrous Ammonia (AA)? <ul><ul><li>It’s a chemical compressed into a colorless liquid to be used as fertilizer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expands into a gas and is absorbed in the soil moisture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When combine with the moisture of the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>causes rapid dehydration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>burns the skin severely </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot weather increases the vapor pressure of AA in the tank </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Personal Protection When Handling AA <ul><li>Wear a heavy-duty long sleeved shirt </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical proof goggles </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber gloves </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency first aid water tank with clean </li></ul><ul><li>water </li></ul><ul><li>Skin exposed to ammonia </li></ul><ul><li>should be flush immediately </li></ul><ul><li>with water </li></ul><ul><li>Remove contaminated clothes </li></ul><ul><li>as soon as possible </li></ul>
  21. 21. Hoses and other Equipment Hoses are the weakest links in the ammonia handling system - Check hoses carefully before each use Carry the hose by the valve body or coupling - reduces the chance of opening the valve by accident Maintain break away couplers in good condition - they provide protection if the equipment separates by accident
  22. 22. AA Tank Holder 85% fill bleeder valve should be open - to check the liquid level when filling Fill only to the 85% level of capacity of the tank AA tanks should be painted white - to prevent rusting - to keep inside pressure and temperature down in warm weather
  23. 23. AA wagons towed on a public road must be equipped with vehicle emblems <ul><li>Slow moving vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>DOT placard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>non-flammable gas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content of the tank </li></ul><ul><ul><li>warning signs </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. First Response To An Accident <ul><li>Know what to do, stay calm </li></ul><ul><li>Wash the affected area with water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>this is the best emergency measure to use when skin or eyes are exposed to NH 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wash area exposed for at least 15 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Contaminated clothing should be removed quickly and carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Thaw clothing frozen to the skin area with abundant amounts of water </li></ul><ul><li>Do not apply anything except water for the first 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Stay warm and get to a physician immediately </li></ul>
  25. 25. Defective Equipment <ul><ul><li>Should be tagged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken out of service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repaired by qualified personnel </li></ul></ul>