Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra

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  • Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra

    1. 1. US/CANADA RAIL BORDER OPERATIONS TRANSPORTATION BORDER WORKING GROUP WASHINGTON, DC APRIL 30, 2004 Jane Bachner Federal Railroad Administration US/CANADA RAIL BORDER OPERATIONS TRANSPORTATION BORDER WORKING GROUP WASHINGTON, DC APRIL 30, 2004 Jane Bachner Federal Railroad Administration
    2. 2. CROSS-BORDER ABC’S <ul><li>22 RAIL CROSSINGS </li></ul><ul><li>- TOP 6 ACCOUNT FOR 90% OF TRAFFIC </li></ul><ul><li>14 RAILROADS </li></ul><ul><li>- 6 MAJOR US AND CANADIAN RR’S </li></ul><ul><li>- CN (inc. GTW) CP (inc. Soo, D&H ) </li></ul><ul><li>- UP, BNSF, CSX, NS </li></ul>
    3. 3. US/CANADA RAIL CROSSINGS
    4. 4. 2003 RAIL CROSS BORDER TRAFFIC 58.1 Subtotal 64.8 Total, All Crossings 2.1 Blaine WA 2.7 Portal ND 4.6 Int’l Falls/Ranier MN 9.1 Buffalo/Niagara Falls NY 16.7 Detroit MI 22.9 Port Huron MI Value (Billion $US) Crossings
    5. 5. 2003 TRUCK CROSS BORDER TRAFFIC 240.9 ALL CROSSINGS 198.7 SUBTOTAL 9.9 Blaine WA 10.0 Alexandria Bay NY 12.7 Champlain/Rouses Pt. NY 35.7 Port Huron MI 45.7 Buffalo/Niagara Falls NY 84.7 Detroit MI VALUE (BILLION US$) CROSSING
    6. 6. TOP US EXPORTS TO CANADA, 2003 VALUE (Billion $US) 12.1 Elec. Machinery 25.9 Reactors, Boilers, etc. 27.5 Transp. Equipment By TRUCK: 1.0 Organic Chemicals 1.4 Plastics 7.3 Transp. Equipment BY RAIL:
    7. 7. TOP US IMPORTS FROM CANADA, 2003 7.8 Charity Articles, Military Apparel 13.3 Reactors, Boilers, etc. 25.4 Transp. Equipment BY TRUCK: 3.0 Paper, Paperboard 5.1 Wood, Products 27.3 Transp. Equipment BY RAIL: Value (Billion US$)
    8. 9. RAIL BORDER CROSSINGS <ul><li>Constructed, paid for and operated by carrier </li></ul><ul><li>New crossings require Presidential Permit </li></ul><ul><li>- Engineering plans, environmental impacts </li></ul><ul><li>- States involved in review process, but approval on Federal level </li></ul>
    9. 10. FRA’S ROLE <ul><li>Safety regulatory agency </li></ul><ul><li>- Close relationship with Transport Canada </li></ul>
    10. 11. CROSS BORDER OPERATIONS <ul><li>Equipment moving into US is subject to US rules, unless waived </li></ul><ul><li>Crews change at terminal nearest the border </li></ul><ul><li>- Locomotives may change at crew change points or run through </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border crews must qualify under rules of both countries </li></ul><ul><li>- FRA Hours of Service rules begin when run starts, not when border is crossed </li></ul><ul><li>- FRA alcohol/drug rules go into effect for foreign crews June 11, 2004 </li></ul>
    11. 12. OPERATIONS, CON’T <ul><li>FRA does NOT routinely station inspectors at border crossings </li></ul><ul><li>We DO conduct random, routine periodic inspections for crews and equipment inside the US </li></ul>
    12. 13. FRA’S ROLE <ul><li>Liaison/facilitator between railroads and border agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Liaison on security and policy issues with Transport Canada </li></ul>
    13. 14. Railroad Vehicle & Cargo Inspection System (Railroad VACIS®)
    14. 15. Benefits <ul><li>The Railroad VACIS is unique in its capabilities. It is the only available method for non-invasive inspection of loaded and moving railroad cars. </li></ul>
    15. 16. Railroad VACIS Images Contraband surrounding cloth Illegal aliens 600 pounds of cocaine
    16. 17. Locations <ul><li>U.S. Northern Border </li></ul><ul><li>Blaine WA </li></ul><ul><li>Eastport ID </li></ul><ul><li>Portal ND </li></ul><ul><li>Noyes MN (2) </li></ul><ul><li>International Falls MN </li></ul><ul><li>Buffalo NY </li></ul><ul><li>Rouses Pt NY </li></ul><ul><li>Sarnia Ontario * </li></ul><ul><li>Windsor Ontario ** </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Southern Border </li></ul><ul><li>Brownsville TX </li></ul><ul><li>Laredo TX </li></ul><ul><li>Eagle Pass TX </li></ul><ul><li>El Paso TX (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Nogales AZ </li></ul><ul><li>Calexico CA *** </li></ul><ul><li>San Ysidro CA </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico Northern Border </li></ul><ul><li>Nuevo Laredo </li></ul><ul><li>Matamoros </li></ul><ul><li>Piedras Negras </li></ul><ul><li>Nogales </li></ul><ul><li>Cd. Juarez </li></ul><ul><li>Mexicali *** </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico Ports </li></ul><ul><li>Vera Cruz </li></ul><ul><li>Manzanillo </li></ul>* Installation Spring/Summer 04 ** Project on hold *** Systems purchased; in planning stage
    17. 18. Rail VACIS Locations Blaine WA Easport ID Portal ND Noyes MN (2) International Falls MN San Ysidro CA Calexico CA *** Mexicali Mexico *** Nogales AZ Nogales Mexico El Paso TX (2) Cd. Juarez Mexico Eagle Pass TX Piedras Negras Mexico Sarnia Ontario (2) * Windsor Ontario ** Buffalo NY Rouses Pt NY Manzanillo Mexico Vera Cruz Mexico Laredo TX Nuevo Laredo Mex Brownsville TX Matamoros Mexico * Install Spring 2004 ** Project on hold *** In planning stage
    18. 19. <ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>The Railroad VACIS is capable of inspecting trains traveling at speeds of between 1 and 8 MPH. </li></ul><ul><li>As the rail cars move through the gamma beam, their images are individually saved, along with radio frequency identification (RFID) data and a digital video snapshot of the car ID number. </li></ul><ul><li>The Railroad VACIS operator can view the images as they are acquired, and make appropriate decisions to further inspect the rail cars if necessary. </li></ul>
    19. 20. FRA’S ROLE <ul><li>US Chair of Rail Consultative Group under NAFTA </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewing agency for new crossings </li></ul>
    20. 21. CHALLENGES AHEAD <ul><li>Increasing security needs </li></ul><ul><li>Rising traffic levels </li></ul><ul><li>Scarce funding resources </li></ul><ul><li>New safety regulations </li></ul>
    21. 22. MEETING THE CHALLENGES <ul><li>Cooperation/Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>- National </li></ul><ul><li>- State/Provincial/Local </li></ul><ul><li>- Private sector </li></ul>

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