Picking The Perfect Fabric


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  • Picking The Perfect Fabric

    1. 1. CLOTHING CONSTRUCTION ADVANCED Joy Jordan, Extension 4-H Youth Department Specialist and Tiffany Browning, 4-H Project Coordinator, Department of Family Youth & Community Sciences
    2. 2. Picking the Perfect Fabric <ul><li>Fabric should be suitable to your skill level. </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning sewers should use a small print fabric because there is no matching required. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to the to what type of fabric the pattern requires. You don’t want to make a sundress out of velvet. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Fabric Preparation <ul><li>Pre-wash the fabric!! This prevents the garment from shrinking and not fitting after you have constructed it. </li></ul><ul><li>Iron the wrinkles out of the fabric to make it easier to sew. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Choosing Seams & Finishes <ul><li>Choosing the right seam and finish for the garment is important. </li></ul><ul><li>Different seams are created for different types of fabrics and garments. </li></ul><ul><li>Which seam should you use? Look at the next few slides and see! </li></ul>
    5. 5. Choosing Seams & Finishes Double-Stitched Seam This seam is used to add durability in stress areas. To stitch this seam, you first make a plain stitch and then add a second row of stitching.
    6. 6. Choosing Seams & Finishes French Seams This stitch is used on sheer fabrics. It is a seam within a seam. First stitch the wrong sides together and turn and press. Then place the right sides together and stitch again.
    7. 7. Choosing Seams & Finishes Turned Under and Stitched Seam This seam is used on light to medium weight fabrics (especially good for jackets). Turn 1/8 inch machine stitch close to the edge. Work from the top side of the seam.
    8. 8. Choosing Seams & Finishes Hong Kong Seam This seam is used to enclose seams, but is less bulky than bias tape. Place right side of binding on right side of seam. Stitch at 1/8 inch from the edge. Turn binding over edge to inside. Stitch-in-the-ditch on the top side.
    9. 9. Mix N Match <ul><li>On the next slide, you will see the four types of seams we discussed today. </li></ul>? ? ? <ul><li>Write on your scorecard the name of each of the seams. </li></ul><ul><li>Then you will see four definitions. For each of the scenarios tell which definition is correct. </li></ul>
    10. 10. What Type of Seam is It? 1. 2. 3. 4.
    11. 11. Definition #1 <ul><li>This seam is used for added durability in stress areas. It consists of a normal seam then another seam 1/8 inch from the first stitching. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Definition #2 <ul><li>This seam is used on see through fabrics. It is a seam within a seam. It has a seam sewn together with the wrong sides together and then after it is pressed, another seam is sewn with the right sides together. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Definition #3 <ul><li>This seam is used to enclose other seams without the bulk of double fold bias tape. A very light weight fabric is placed on the right side of the binding to right side of the seam. The stitch is 1/8 inch from the edge, then turned over and stitched again in the ditch. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Definition #4 <ul><li>This seam is used on light to medium weight fabrics. However, this can not be used if there are extremely curved seams. The edges of a ¾ stitch are turned 1/8 inch, then stitched close to the edge. This is a great finish for unlined jackets. </li></ul>
    15. 15. A N S W E R S
    16. 16. Matching the Picture <ul><li>French Seam </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Seam </li></ul><ul><li>Turned Under and Stitched Seam </li></ul><ul><li>Double Stitch Seam </li></ul>
    17. 17. Definitions <ul><li>Double Stitch Seam </li></ul><ul><li>French Seam </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Seam </li></ul><ul><li>Turned Under and Stitched Seam </li></ul>
    18. 18. Score Card Matching the Picture 1. 2. 3. 4. Matching the Definition 1. 2. 3. 4.