Objects May Include Apparel


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  • Objects May Include Apparel

    1. 1. Day 5: Cooperative Projects, Website Design and Training Others Workshop 2 Digitising National Resources
    2. 2. Part 1: Collaboration
    3. 3. Collaborative Digitisation Projects <ul><li>Examples of projects from around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Getting started </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a plan </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking funding </li></ul><ul><li>Working together </li></ul>
    4. 4. Colorado Digitization Project (CDP) <ul><li>Aims to increase access to the unique primary research materials held by the State’s cultural heritage institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Involves archives, libraries, historical societies, museums </li></ul><ul><li>Access is provided through a distributed virtual collection </li></ul>
    5. 5. CDP principles for scanning <ul><li>Scanning at highest resolution appropriate to information content of originals </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning at appropriate level of quality to avoid rescanning and re-handling in future </li></ul><ul><li>Creating and storing a masterfile </li></ul><ul><li>Creating back-up copies </li></ul><ul><li>Using non-proprietary system components </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipating and planning for new developments </li></ul>
    6. 6. PictureAustralia <ul><li>www.pictureaustralia.org </li></ul><ul><li>a web service based on a metadata index held at the National Library of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>links to pictorial images held on the web sites of participating cultural agencies around Australia </li></ul><ul><li>a “hybrid” architecture with a centralised search index and distributed images </li></ul>
    7. 7. Participants in PictureAustralia <ul><li>began in 1998 with five contributors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Australian War Memorial, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Library of Australia, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Library of New South Wales, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Library of Tasmania, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Library of Victoria. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recent participants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Archives of Australia and the University of Queensland Library </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. Australian Cooperative Digitisation Project (ACDP), 1840-45 <ul><li>University of Sydney Library </li></ul><ul><li>State Library of New South Wales </li></ul><ul><li>National Library of Australia and </li></ul><ul><li>Monash University Library </li></ul><ul><li>With support from ten other institutional and industry groups. </li></ul>
    9. 10. ACDP <ul><li>Aimed at preservation and improving access </li></ul><ul><li>Digitised from microfilm </li></ul><ul><li>Received grant from Australian Research Council </li></ul>
    10. 11. Major stages in collaborative projects <ul><li>Undertaking inventory of digitisation projects </li></ul><ul><li>Developing collaborative relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing scope and objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Obtaining funding </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing standards and guidelines to ensure interoperability </li></ul>
    11. 13. Part 2: Designing Web Pages
    12. 14. Web design <ul><li>Most digitisation projects are made available through Websites </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Access depends on good web design </li></ul><ul><li>Identify users and their information needs </li></ul><ul><li>Design site around users information needs </li></ul>
    13. 15. Layout <ul><li>Consistent page layout </li></ul><ul><li>Use templates </li></ul><ul><li>Break large pages into screen sized pages </li></ul><ul><li>Reading on screen: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20-30% slower on screen than in print </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users scan rather than read </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use hypertext links to documents rather than duplicate information </li></ul>
    14. 16. Navigation <ul><li>Navigation menu on every page </li></ul><ul><li>Menus: no more than seven choices </li></ul><ul><li>Get to any point within three links </li></ul><ul><li>Site map </li></ul><ul><li>Provide both browsing and searching </li></ul>
    15. 17. Images <ul><li>Keep image files small </li></ul><ul><li>Images should be less than 100Kb unless intended for high resolution, high bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>Use “thumbnails” - small images that link to larger images </li></ul><ul><li>Provide alternate text <alt=“image of title page”> </li></ul><ul><li>Images should enhance information rather than distract from it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid background images and colours that obscure text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid animation, blinking </li></ul></ul>
    16. 18. Links <ul><li>Give information about where the link is leading, e.g. short description, warning of large file. </li></ul><ul><li>Use meaningful words for link e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Here is the link to the Digital Library” , not “click here for Digital Library” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t underline text unless it is a link </li></ul>
    17. 19. Metadata <ul><li>Use meaningful terms in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li><title> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><meta> tags </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standard metadata schema: DC, TEI, EAD etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify site maintainer </li></ul><ul><li>Provide date of last update </li></ul>
    18. 20. Standards <ul><li>Use standard HTML coding </li></ul><ul><li>Test page using different hardware and software </li></ul>
    19. 21. Part 3: Training others
    20. 22. Training others <ul><li>Train yourself first! </li></ul><ul><li>Start with a small project </li></ul><ul><li>Document the project carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Share your information </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t duplicate each other’s mistakes </li></ul>
    21. 23. Ranfurly Project in New Zealand <ul><li>http://www </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Ranfurly was Governor of New Zealand from 1897 to 1904 </li></ul><ul><li>Collection obtained from the United Kingdom in 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of the 3000 items </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranfurly family papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranfurly family photographs Ranfurly family paintings and drawings </li></ul></ul>
    22. 24. The project was planned as follows: <ul><li>Items underwent assessment & conservation treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Digitisation done according to type of resource: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black & white papers microfilmed first, then digitised from microfilm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coloured originals were scanned using flatbed scanner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For large objects. a digital camera with high resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uses the Encoded Archival Description as metadata – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the first time the standard has been applied in New Zealand </li></ul></ul>
    23. 25. The Ranfurly Project <ul><li>A relatively small project as a starting point </li></ul><ul><li>Original material from one source </li></ul><ul><li>Employed a hybrid approach for preservation and access </li></ul><ul><li>Will do some things differently in future </li></ul><ul><li>The National Library of New Zealand will use the experience to develop a workshop to train other NZ institutions </li></ul>
    24. 26. Conclusions about digitisation <ul><li>Digitisation offers tremendous potential for improving access to resources </li></ul><ul><li>It is a useful tool for assisting in preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate standards need to be employed </li></ul><ul><li>There is no single right way to do things, but, there are many wrong ways! </li></ul><ul><li>Start small </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate & share your experiences </li></ul>