Inter-American Development Bank, Brasilia, Sept. 2007   U.S.  Rules of Origin Mechanisms  for FTA’s Richard Stetson U.S. D...
Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA) <ul><li>Formulate U.S. textile and apparel trade policy </li></ul><ul><li>Develop p...
$ 93.2 billion
Leading Textile & Apparel   Shippers to U.S.   <ul><ul><li>China  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central America-Dominican Rep...
U.S. Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) <ul><li>Central America-Dominican Republic   (CAFTA-DR ) </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico, Canad...
  Free Trade Agreements (FTA’s) Pending   <ul><li>Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Panama </li></ul><ul><li>Colombia </li></ul><ul><...
Free Trade Agreements (FTA) …  <ul><li>DUTY-FREE Entry </li></ul><ul><li>IF a product meets the  </li></ul><ul><li>‘ RULE ...
‘ Yarn-Forward’ Rule of Origin Yarn     Fabrics     Apparel
WHY ‘YARN FORWARD’   <ul><li>U.S. Yarn - $ 15 billion industry </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Fabric - $ 8.1 billion export indust...
Exceptions to Yarn Forward Rule of Origin <ul><li>De Minimis :  10% of the fibers and yarns of a product can be sourced fr...
Short Supply <ul><li>Fiber, Yarn, or Fabric not ‘commercially available’ in FTA region </li></ul><ul><li>Can be sourced ou...
Short Supply Example: (CAFTA-DR) <ul><ul><li>75.  Certain 2-way stretch woven fabrics HTS Subheading:  5515.11.00  Fiber C...
‘ CUMULATION’     Limited amount of inputs from  other  FTA partners (CAFTA-DR/NAFTA)
OPPORTUNITIES ? <ul><li>Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian textile firm Pettenati is investing $95 million in an elast...
On-Line Sources <ul><li>Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA) </li></ul><ul><li>http://otexa.ita.doc.gov/   </li></ul><ul...
 
Contact <ul><li>Richard Stetson Office of Textiles and Apparel U.S. Department of Commerce 202-482-2582 [email_address] </...
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Mechanisms For Fta’s

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  • Mechanisms For Fta’s

    1. 1. Inter-American Development Bank, Brasilia, Sept. 2007 U.S. Rules of Origin Mechanisms for FTA’s Richard Stetson U.S. Department of Commerce Office of Textiles and Apparel
    2. 2. Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA) <ul><li>Formulate U.S. textile and apparel trade policy </li></ul><ul><li>Develop programs and strategies to improve the domestic and international competitiveness of the U.S. fiber, yarn, fabric, and apparel industries. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop positions in free trade agreement negotiations using trade data and industry guidance. </li></ul>
    3. 3. $ 93.2 billion
    4. 4. Leading Textile & Apparel Shippers to U.S. <ul><ul><li>China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central America-Dominican Republic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bangladesh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cambodia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>36.Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. U.S. Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) <ul><li>Central America-Dominican Republic (CAFTA-DR ) </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico, Canada (NAFTA) </li></ul><ul><li>Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Bahrain </li></ul><ul><li>Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Jordan </li></ul>
    6. 6. Free Trade Agreements (FTA’s) Pending <ul><li>Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Panama </li></ul><ul><li>Colombia </li></ul><ul><li>Oman </li></ul><ul><li>Korea </li></ul>
    7. 7. Free Trade Agreements (FTA) … <ul><li>DUTY-FREE Entry </li></ul><ul><li>IF a product meets the </li></ul><ul><li>‘ RULE OF ORIGIN’ </li></ul>U.S. Customs House, New York City NO TARIFF !!!
    8. 8. ‘ Yarn-Forward’ Rule of Origin Yarn  Fabrics  Apparel
    9. 9. WHY ‘YARN FORWARD’ <ul><li>U.S. Yarn - $ 15 billion industry </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Fabric - $ 8.1 billion export industry </li></ul>
    10. 10. Exceptions to Yarn Forward Rule of Origin <ul><li>De Minimis : 10% of the fibers and yarns of a product can be sourced from outside the region. Note: all elastomeric must be regional. </li></ul><ul><li>Cut-and-Sew : Brassieres, Woven Boxer Shorts, Woven Nightwear, Woven Girl’s Dresses, and Luggage (CAFTA-DR) </li></ul><ul><li>Tariff Preference Level (TPL) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Cumulation’ : Limited amount of inputs from other FTA partners (CAFTA-DR/NAFTA) </li></ul><ul><li>Short Supply (Commercial Availability) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Short Supply <ul><li>Fiber, Yarn, or Fabric not ‘commercially available’ in FTA region </li></ul><ul><li>Can be sourced outside of the region for use in qualifying goods (duty-free) </li></ul><ul><li>CAFTA-DR: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30-day Process/Procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short Supply List - 88 products (fibers, yarns, fabrics – 09-27-2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NAFTA/Chile FTA </li></ul>
    12. 12. Short Supply Example: (CAFTA-DR) <ul><ul><li>75. Certain 2-way stretch woven fabrics HTS Subheading: 5515.11.00 Fiber Content: 60% to 75% Polyester / 20% to 35% viscose rayon /3% to 6% spandex Fiber length: 51 to 70 millimeter staple (2 to 2.75 inches) Yarn Number : Warp and filling: 50/2 to 68/2 metric wrapped around 225 metric spandex (30/2 to 40/2 wrapped around 40-denier spandex) Thread Count: 30 to 32 warp ends x 24 to 26 filling picks per square centimeter (76 to 81 warp ends x 60 to 66 filling picks per square inch) Weave Type: Various Weight: 220 to 250 grams per square meter (6.5 to 7.4 ounces per square yard) Width: 142 to 148 centimeters (56 to 59 inches) Finish: Dyed; of yarns of different colors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Sourced from Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>- Cut and assembled in the CAFTA-DR region </li></ul><ul><li>- Shipped to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>- Duty-Free!!! entry to U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Short Supply List: http://web.ita.doc.gov/tacgi/CaftaReqTrack.nsf </li></ul>
    13. 13. ‘ CUMULATION’ Limited amount of inputs from other FTA partners (CAFTA-DR/NAFTA)
    14. 14. OPPORTUNITIES ? <ul><li>Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian textile firm Pettenati is investing $95 million in an elastic fabric manufacturing plant in El Salvador </li></ul><ul><li>FTA Provisions that allow for external sourcing of yarns and fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>TPL </li></ul><ul><li>Short Supply Products </li></ul><ul><li>Cut-and-Sew Products </li></ul>
    15. 15. On-Line Sources <ul><li>Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA) </li></ul><ul><li>http://otexa.ita.doc.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Customs – Imports to U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.customs.treas.gov/xp/cgov/import/textiles_and_quotas/ </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. ITC – Tariff Schedule </li></ul><ul><li>http://usitc.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Trade Representative – Trade Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ustr.gov/index.html </li></ul>
    16. 17. Contact <ul><li>Richard Stetson Office of Textiles and Apparel U.S. Department of Commerce 202-482-2582 [email_address] </li></ul>

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