Improved Cooling Garments For Emergency Responders


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  • Good afternoon. It is a pleasure for me to be here to provide an overview of funding opportunities in the Federal homeland security R&D enterprise. I want to thank our sponsors and, especially, Homeland Defense Journal magazine, for inviting me to present today. The events of September 11 th pushed homeland security to the top of the policy agenda—for all levels of government. For the first time in history, individuals or small groups can threaten the lives and livelihood of very large numbers of our citizens. Terrorism has the potential to disrupt our nation socially, by playing havoc with our economy, transportation, supply chains, legal systems, and our psychology. Our free and open society presents an almost infinite array of potential targets that can be attacked through a variety of methods. Our enemies are working to obtain chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons to wreak unprecedented damage to our country. Terrorists around the world continue to use conventional means of attack; while, at the same time, they are developing capabilities in less traditional means, such as cyber attacks. The terrorist threat to America is broad, takes many forms, and has many places to hide. As such, our response must also be broad and take many forms. In response to this unprecedented threat, our nation is mobilizing and organizing to secure the U.S. homeland.
  • Improved Cooling Garments For Emergency Responders

    1. 1. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR HOMELAND SECURITY Kelly H. Carnes President and CEO TechVision21 March 15, 2005
    2. 2. National Strategy for Homeland Security <ul><li>Prevent terrorist attacks within the US </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce vulnerability to terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize damage and recover from attacks (if and when they occur) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Science and Technology for Homeland Security <ul><li>“ In the war against terrorism, America’s vast science and technology base provides us with a key advantage.” </li></ul><ul><li>— President George W. Bush </li></ul>
    4. 4. Science and Technology Priorities <ul><li>Strategies to combat WMD </li></ul><ul><li>Radiological and nuclear countermeasures </li></ul><ul><li>Biological agent detection, diagnostics, therapeutics, and forensics </li></ul><ul><li>Social, behavioral, and economic aspects of combating terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Border entry/exit technologies </li></ul>
    5. 5. Overview: FY 2006 Homeland Security R&D <ul><li>$4.4B will be invested FY06 </li></ul><ul><li>Project BioShield: $2.9B over 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Key Agencies: DHS, DOD/DARPA, HHS, Energy, DOJ, USDA, EPA, NSF </li></ul><ul><li>Interagency Efforts: Technical Support Working Group (TSWG) </li></ul><ul><li>Additional research not classified as homeland security </li></ul>
    6. 6. Homeland Security R&D by Agency <ul><li>Department of Agriculture $ 172 M </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Commerce 82 </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Defense 394 </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Energy 81 </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Homeland Security 1,287 </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection Agency 94 </li></ul><ul><li>Department of HHS (incl. NIH) 1,802 </li></ul><ul><li>NASA 92 </li></ul><ul><li>National Science Foundation 329 </li></ul><ul><li>Other 92 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL $ 4,425 </li></ul>
    7. 7. Major Investments in Homeland Security R&D <ul><li>DHS’ 2006 R&D budget: $1.3 billion </li></ul><ul><li>$440 million for rad/nuke inspection/detection </li></ul><ul><li>$246 million for rad/nuke countermeasures </li></ul><ul><li>$385 million for biological countermeasures </li></ul><ul><li>$110 million for portable anti-aircraft missile countermeasures </li></ul>
    8. 8. Major Investments in Homeland Security R&D <ul><li>$100 million for airport explosives screening </li></ul><ul><li>$94 million for border surveillance, container shipping security, protective equipment, disaster modeling/simulation </li></ul><ul><li>$64 million for university/fellowship programs </li></ul><ul><li>$218 million for BioWatch </li></ul><ul><li>$21 million for rapid prototyping </li></ul>
    9. 9. Major Investments in Homeland Security R&D <ul><li>$107 million for chemical detection and countermeasures </li></ul><ul><li>$47 million for threat analysis </li></ul><ul><li>$94 million for cybersecurity R&D (NSF) </li></ul><ul><li>$94 million for water security </li></ul><ul><li>$596 million for food/agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>defense </li></ul>
    10. 10. Private Sector Role <ul><li>“ The private sector has the expertise to develop and produce many of the technologies, devices, and systems needed for homeland security. The Federal government needs to find better ways to harness the energy, ingenuity, and investments of private entities for these purposes.” </li></ul><ul><li>— National Strategy for Homeland Security </li></ul>
    11. 11. Technical Support Working Group <ul><li>Defense </li></ul><ul><li>FBI </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Homeland Security </li></ul><ul><li>ATF </li></ul><ul><li>Secret Service </li></ul><ul><li>FAA </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligence Community </li></ul>
    12. 12. TSWG Solicitations <ul><li>Broad Agency Announcements (BAAs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each BAA issued by several TSWG subgroups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set requirements, objectives, timeframes </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Examples of TSWG Solicitations in Recent BAAs <ul><li>Fuel cell power for tactical systems </li></ul><ul><li>Remote detection of improvised explosive devices </li></ul><ul><li>Self contained active thermal protection for personnel </li></ul><ul><li>National critical infrastructure data base </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis/defeat of improvised explosive devices, chemical/radiological devices, car bombs </li></ul><ul><li>Immersive virtual reality simulator for medical training </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic entry warning device </li></ul><ul><li>Imaging in concrete </li></ul>
    14. 14. Broad Agency Announcements <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    15. 15. Department of Homeland Security <ul><li>$1.3B for R&D in FY 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Directorate of Science and Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets homeland security R&D goals and priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinates homeland security R&D across the Federal government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funds homeland security R&D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fosters the transfer and deployment of technologies for homeland security </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency (HSARPA) <ul><li>Preventing illicit traffic of radiological/nuclear materials and weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Detection and mitigation of the effects of biological and chemical agents release </li></ul><ul><li>Detecting illicit high explosives </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing the conventional missions of the Department’s operational units </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting cyber and other critical infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Preventing technology surprise by anticipating current threats </li></ul>
    17. 17. Recent HSARPA BAA Topics <ul><li>Food Biological Agent Detection Sensor </li></ul><ul><li>Improvised Explosives Device Detection </li></ul><ul><li>New Materials for Personal Protective Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-Aerosol Detector Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Unified Incident Command and Decision Support </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Container Security Devices </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    18. 18. Department of Homeland Security Small Business Innovation Research <ul><li>Phase I: scientific and technical feasibility, up to $100,000, NTE 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>Phase II: concept development, up to $750,000, NTE 24 months </li></ul><ul><li>Phase III: product development, no funding, some assistance in acquiring funding/commercialization </li></ul>
    19. 19. Department of Homeland Security Small Business Innovation Research <ul><li>2 Solicitations per year </li></ul><ul><li>Each covering 6 topics </li></ul><ul><li>30 Phase I Awards, 10 Phase II Awards </li></ul><ul><li>Published at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Department of Homeland Security Small Business Innovation Research Current Solicitations <ul><li>Automated processing of liquid, solid, aerosol samples </li></ul><ul><li>Passive radiation detection/identification systems </li></ul><ul><li>Cooling technologies for high purity germanium detectors </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost underwater threat detection system </li></ul><ul><li>Less lethal devices for law enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Secure carton (shipping) system </li></ul>
    21. 21. SBIR: Jump Start and Fast Track <ul><li>Jump Start : Submit Phase II Proposal Before Completing Phase I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closes Funding Gap, Accelerates Technology Development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fast Track : Seek additional funding from non-SBIR sources that can be matched up to $250K in a 1:2 ratio. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Transportation Security Administration <ul><li>Communications Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Passenger Identification and Screening </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking and Recognition Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Data Warehousing and Data Mining </li></ul><ul><li>Command and Control Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Decision Support Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Detecting suspicious behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling and Simulation </li></ul>
    23. 23. Department of Homeland Security Centers of Excellence Program <ul><li>Published in Broad Agency Announcement </li></ul><ul><li>Awards to Universities: $12-18 Million—3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Centers of Excellence Awards (3 more FY 06) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Consequences of Terrorist Threats/Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign Animal and Zoonotic Disease Defense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agro security for Post Harvest Food Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioral/Social Aspects of Terrorism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrorist Attack Preparation/Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(to be awarded in CY05) </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Department of Defense <ul><li>$898 million for chem/bio defense R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel and Facilities CBN Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Detection/Identification/Decontamination CBN Agents </li></ul><ul><li>New Technologies/Design Techniques for Building Construction and Infrastructure to Protect Personnel from CBN Materials </li></ul>
    25. 25. Department of Defense Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency <ul><li>DARPA Solicits R&D Work Through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Defense SBIR Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DARPA Solicitations Home Page </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solicitation Forms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad Agency Announcements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RFPs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sources Sought Announcements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Research Announcements </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Department of Defense Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency <ul><li>DARPA Awards Aimed At Projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collections of contracts and thrusts with common theme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have beginning and end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific hoped-for results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May have very high risk </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Department of Defense Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency <ul><li>1 in 3 good new project ideas funded </li></ul><ul><li>Half generated internally; half from outside </li></ul><ul><li>Spring best time to influence new ideas </li></ul><ul><li>DARPA can provide substantial funding </li></ul>
    28. 28. Department of Health and Human Services <ul><li>$1.8 billion in FY 2006 for NIH biodefense efforts </li></ul><ul><li>54% for research project grants </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Microbial agents with bioterrorism potential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Host response to infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New/improved diagnostics, vaccines, therapies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>100 grants and contracts with pharma </li></ul><ul><li>and biotech companies </li></ul>
    29. 29. Department of Health and Human Services <ul><li>NIH: National Network of Centers of Excellence for Biodefense </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health and Social Services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$97 Million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Countermeasures to treat nuclear, radiological, and chemical agent injuries from terrorism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project BioShield: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$5-6B over 10 years </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Department of Justice National Institute of Justice <ul><li>NIJ is the Justice Department’s R&D agency </li></ul><ul><li>Solicitation downloads: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applications for funding must go through Automated Grants Management System: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. Department of Justice National Institute of Justice <ul><li>Recent Homeland Security-related Solicitations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrorism and Transnational Crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications Technologies for Public Safety Agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced Tools for Improvised Explosive Device and Car Bomb Defeat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensor, Surveillance, and Biometric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technologies </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. U.S.Department of Agriculture National Research Initiative on Animal and Plant Biosecurity <ul><li>Security of the food supply </li></ul><ul><li>Animal and plant diseases </li></ul><ul><li>High economic impact </li></ul><ul><li>Basic and applied research </li></ul><ul><li>Public, not-for-profit, private sector eligible </li></ul><ul><li>Awards—up to $1 million </li></ul>
    33. 33. Kelly H. Carnes (202) 966-6610 [email_address]