Environmental Protection

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Environmental Protection

  1. 1. Unit Two Assignment
  2. 2. Exercises of passage A Ex. II. Answer the following questions. Ex. III. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Fill each blank with one word only. Ex. IV. Save these sentences! All the prepositions or adverbs are mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text; then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. Ex. VII. Complete the following sentences, using “remain to”. Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English. Ex. ⅹ. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. Comprehension of the Text Vocabulary Structure Translation Ex. VIII. Combine the following sentences using the phrase “ together with”.
  3. 3. Exercises of passage A Essay Summary Ex. Ⅺ. Choose the best one of the three answers given to fill in each blank. Text Structure Analysis Ex. Ⅻ. Now have a look at Paragraph 7 to find out how the general statement is supported by specific details and the reason. Structured Writing Ex. XⅢ. Now try to write your own paragraph, which starts with a general statement that is supported by specific details and the reason. You may choose one of the following topics. One of the topics has a detailed outline that you can follow if you choose.
  4. 4. Keys to the exercises of unit2, book2 <ul><li>Section A Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Protection Throughout </li></ul><ul><li>the World </li></ul><ul><li>Section B Green Spaces in Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Section C Earth— a Living Planet </li></ul>
  5. 5. Section A Environmental Protection Throughout the World
  6. 6. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions. 1. What do most countries concern themselves with? 2. Why and how do people change their attitude towards environment? Most countries concern themselves with economic development, regardless of its effect on the global ecology. Because of the increasing environmental damage, people become more aware of environmental problems and many countries undertake new environmental initiatives.
  7. 7. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions. 3. How did Canada protect its fish supply and what was the result? Canada closed the area to cod fishing and set strict limits on catches of other species. As a result, herring eventually recovered, but some species may never recover, and about 40,000 fishermen are unemployed because of the fishing bans and loss of their fish supply. 4. What measures did Costa Rica take to protect its remaining rain forest? Costa Rica has issued a series of new environmental laws and created parks and nature preserves that cover one quarter of the country.
  8. 8. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions. 5. What does the writer think of Brazil’s environmental protection? It was under pressure from environmentalists around the world that Brazil took certain measures to protect its Amazon rain forest; and the writer questions its true level of commitment to protect Amazon Indians who are endangered in the conflict with those people who continue to destroy the forests. 6. Why is Eastern Europe considered the most polluted of all the world’s industrialized areas? Heavy metals from coal mining have contaminated much of the area’s waters. Many rivers, land, and forests are biologically dead because the pollution is very serious.
  9. 9. Comprehension of the Text Ex. II. Answer the following questions. 7. How effective is Ghana’s forest protection program? 8. What are the serious problems that Indonesia is facing? The program has succeeded in strengthening the country’s agricultural base and bringing a new source of wealth to villagers. But it remains to be seen whether these measures will have enough impact to slow the rate of removing the forests. Indonesia is facing the problem of providing enough food, shelter and employment for its large population, and encouraging birth control.
  10. 10. Ex. III. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Fill each blank with one word only. 1. Some people say that many young men in modern society have not enough political a . 2. With its excellent researchers and first-class labs, only Beijing University is able to u the required research. awareness undertake
  11. 11. Ex. III. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Fill each blank with one word only. 3. There are a supplies of firewood in mountain areas, which is obviously not true of city areas. 4. In spite of the severe competition, Smith is still a to be successful in the computer field. abundant ambitious
  12. 12. Ex. III. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Fill each blank with one word only. 5. In order to meet the demands of quality education, China should introduce more choice and d into the education system. 6. The river was so c with waste from the chemical plant that people can not swim in it. diversity contaminated
  13. 13. Ex. III. Complete the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Fill each blank with one word only. 7. The National Fine Arts Association s the fair to raise money for Hope Project last week. 8. Last year the government w a war against crime and disease. As a result, citizens have a better environment to live in. sponsored waged
  14. 14. Ex. IV. Save these sentences! All the prepositions or adverbs are mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text; then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. 1. Though I had only $10 with me at the bookstore, when I came across the book advised by my teacher, I bought it without delay, regardless off the cost. regardless of without taking into account, paying no attention to Correct form : Synonym:
  15. 15. Ex. IV. Save these sentences! All the prepositions or adverbs are mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text; then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. Correct form : Synonym : 2. New buildings have been springing out everywhere in cities and towns since China began the reform and open-door policy. Correct form : Synonym : 3. Because Mrs. Smith always concerns herself in trifles, she feels unhappy all day long. springing up appearing quickly or suddenly concerns herself with is busy with, involves herself in
  16. 16. Ex. IV. Save these sentences! All the prepositions or adverbs are mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text; then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. Correct form : Synonym : 4. After being in debt for three years, the company must aim to increasing production this year. Correct form : Synonym : 5. Upon arriving in New York he converted all his pounds for dollars. aim at/for/toward(s) direct its efforts towards change…into converted…into/to
  17. 17. Ex. IV. Save these sentences! All the prepositions or adverbs are mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text; then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. Correct form : Synonym : 6. The Mexican population in the southwestern part of the United States numbers up till 3 million. Correct form : Synonym : 7. The factory is faced with so many problems as a result from years of bad management. as many as up to as a result of because of, resulting from
  18. 18. Ex. IV. Save these sentences! All the prepositions or adverbs are mixed up. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text; then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expression in the space provided. Correct form : Synonym : 8. Mary wants to go to the United States by herself for the holiday, but her parents frown in this idea. frown on/upon not approve of
  19. 19. VII. Complete the following sentences, using “remain to”. 1. It is too difficult for us to finish the task, so _________ _______________ ( 这且留待他去做吧 ). 2. The general election has been going on for almost two months, but __________________________ ( 结果如何尚待以后见分晓 ). for him to do it it remains the result remains to be seen
  20. 20. VII. Complete the following sentences, using “remain to”. 3. Whether they will want to meet him ______________ __________________ ( 要到几星期以后才知道 ). 4. The experiment has been going on smoothly so far. However, _________________________ ( 还有很多问题有待解决 ). 5. This is only part of the sad story. ______________ ________________ ( 更糟的事情尚待以后再了解 ). seen in a few weeks remains to be much remains to be settled remain to be told Worse things
  21. 21. VIII. Combine the following sentences using the phrase “together with”. A series of new environmental laws are aimed at protecting Costa Rica’s remaining forests. The creation of parks and nature preserves that cover one quarter of the country is also aimed at protecting Costa Rica’s remaining forests. A series of new environmental laws, together with the creation of parks and nature preserves that cover one quarter of the country, are aimed at protecting Costa Rica’s remaining forests. Model:
  22. 22. VIII. Combine the following sentences using the phrase “together with”. 1. Every month we’ll deliver the very best articles. Every month we’ll also deliver the latest fashion and beauty news. Every month we’ll deliver the very best articles, together with the latest fashion and beauty news. 2. The famine killed millions of lives. The war also killed millions of lives. The famine, together with the war, killed millions of lives.
  23. 23. VIII. Combine the following sentences using the phrase “together with”. 3. John has gone to the party held by the Fine Arts Association once a year. John’s brother also has gone to the party held by the Fine Arts Association once a year. Together with his brother, John has gone to the party held by the Fine Arts Association once a year. 4. The Smiths are planning to sell the house. The Smiths are also planning to sell the furniture. The Smiths are planning to sell the house, together with the furniture.
  24. 24. VIII. Combine the following sentences using the phrase “together with”. 5. He helped to design the highest building in the town. His wife also helped to design the highest building in the town. Together with his wife, he helped to design the highest building in the town.
  25. 25. Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English. 1. 自今年夏初起 , 海尔公司 (Haier) 展开了空调促销的广告大战。 Since the beginning of this summer, Haier has waged a massive ad campaign to promote its air-conditioner sales. promote sales waged a massive ad campaign
  26. 26. Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English. 2. 玛丽的父母不同意她去美国,因此她最终能否实现自己的愿望尚不可知。 Mary’s parents frown on the idea of her going to America, so it remains to be seen whether she will realize her dream. it remains to be seen frown on
  27. 27. Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English. 3. 罗斯明白约翰源源不断的来信,连同无数的玫 瑰花,目的是为了赢得她的心。 Rose knows that continuous letters from John, together with countless roses, are aimed at winning her heart. together with aim at
  28. 28. Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English. 4. 政府通过资助种植果树以使荒地重新变绿,成功地改善了生态环境。 Through sponsoring the growing of fruit trees to regenerate waste land, the government succeeded in improving the ecological environment. sponsor succeed in
  29. 29. Ex. IX. Translate the following sentences into English. 5. 政府已采取了一系列新的环保措施,由此在全国多地出现了许多公园和公共绿地。 The government has undertaken a series of new environmental initiatives. As a result, many parks and green belts have sprung up all over the country. a series of environmental initiatives
  30. 30. X. Translate the following into Chinese. 下一页 但近年来,随着环境破坏的日益严重,世界各地已经出现了许多变化的迹象。 1. But in recent years, as environmental damage has increased, signs of change have sprung up in various pockets around the world. ( Para. 1 )
  31. 31. X. Translate the following into Chinese. 但是人们制订了一系列新的环境保护法,还新建了占四分之一国土面积的公园和自然保护区,目的是要保护哥斯达黎加现存的森林。 2. But a series of new environmental laws, together with the creation of parks and nature preserves that cover one quarter of the country, are aimed at protecting Costa Rica’s remaining forests. ( Para. 5 ) 下一页
  32. 32. X. Translate the following into Chinese. 政府承诺将保护该地区的土著居民,但人们对这个承诺的可信度仍心存疑虑。 3. The government promises it will protect the region’s native people, but questions remain as to its true level of commitment. ( Para. 8 ) 下一页
  33. 33. X. Translate the following into Chinese. 这种人口激增已导致了该国许多地方森林的消失及对现存农田的过度耕作。 4. This explosive growth has led to removal of forests in much of the country, and excessive use of existing farmland. ( Para. 11 ) 下一页
  34. 34. X. Translate the following into Chinese. 政府近几年来已发动了一场大规模的广告宣传运动来鼓励节制生育,并提出了鼓励措施,如提供免费去沙特阿拉伯的麦加—伊斯兰教的诞生地—的机会。 5. In recent years, the government has waged a massive ad campaign to encourage birth control, offering inducements such as free trips to Mecca, the birthplace of Islam in Saudi Arabia. ( Para. 13 )
  35. 35. <ul><li>1. C 2. B 3. B 4.C 5.B 6.A 7. B </li></ul><ul><li>8. A 9.C 10.B 11. B 12. A 13. C </li></ul><ul><li>14. A 15. B 16. A 17. B 18. C 19.B </li></ul><ul><li>20. C </li></ul>Ex. Ⅺ. Choose the best one of the three answers given to fill in each blank.
  36. 36. Ex. Ⅻ. Now have a look at Paragraph 7 to find out how the general statement is supported by specific details and the reason. Situation : Indonesians have traditionally favored large families , and their major religion , Islam , frowns on birth contro1 . Problem : But with 188 million people , the country is now struggling to provide enough food , shelter , and employment for its people . Solution: In recent years, the government has waged a massive ad campaign to encourage birth control , offering inducements such as free trips to Mecca , the birthplace of Islam in Saudi Arabia . Result : The government has succeeded in increasing use of birth control from 10 percent of the population 20 years ago to 49 percent today .
  37. 37. Ex. Ⅻ. Now have a look at Paragraph 7 to find out how the general statement is supported by specific details and the reason. <ul><li>An Illustration of the Result : As a result , the average number of births has been cut from 5.6 children per woman to 3. The government hopes to reduce this average to 2.1 children per woman by 2005 . </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation : But with such a large population base , the country must still convert millions more to the idea of birth control if it is to reach its population targets . </li></ul>
  38. 38. Ex. XⅢ. Now try to write your own paragraph, which starts with a general statement that is supported by specific details and the reason. You may choose one of the following topics. One of the topics has a detailed outline that you can follow if you choose. For Reference AIDS is spreading fastest among teenagers. To win the war against AIDS, some organizations have established special programs to trains youth from 8 to 26 and they, in return, spread anti-AIDS knowledge to their peers. They make it simple and explain the risk of catching AIDS to friends in their own age. These young people are even doing much better than an adult can.
  39. 39. Section B Green Spaces in Cities
  40. 40. Exercises of passage B Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the reading text. Ex. XVI. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Ex. XVII. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the expressions given in parentheses. Comprehension of the Text Vocabulary
  41. 41. Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the reading text. F T 1. Children in the cities had more places to play in. F T 2. People living in the urban areas usually don’t have the feeling of private space and ownership. This statement is false. Paragraph 1 tells us the places for their children to play in became rarer. This statement is true. According to Paragraph 2, people living in the urban areas usually don’t have the feeling of private space and ownership. F T
  42. 42. Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the reading text. F T 3. Like those living in rural areas, children living in urban environments miss an important part of childhood. F T 4. Planting lots of things like bulbs in window boxes and large containers provides the same ecological effects as does amateur gardening. This statement is false. According to Paragraph 3, only children in cities miss an important part of childhood. This statement is false. According to Paragraph 4, planting things in window boxes and large containers is not the same as growing things in the backyard garden. F F
  43. 43. Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the reading text. F T 5. City planners build green areas in many unused spaces. F T 6. Trust for Public Land is an organization which has completed as many conservation projects as possible in many parts of the world. This statement is true. Paragraph 5 tells us that city planners do manage to use unused spaces for greening. This statement is false. According to Paragraph 6, that organization has completed many conservation projects ONLY in Canada and the United States. F T
  44. 44. Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the reading text. F T 7. The environmental university that Mister Charles Jordan, the director of the Portland Parks and Recreation Department, plans to build, is a university where students are learning to protect land and public resources. This statement is false. Paragraph 7 tells us that Mr. Charles Jordan doesn’t plan to build a real university in its ordinary sense, but a huge urban park. F
  45. 45. Ex. XV. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the reading text. F T 8. The civilians need to spend much more money on living in the cities with a growing greenness and a healthier environment. This statement is false. The passage does not say anything about whether the civilians should spend more money or not for a better environment. F
  46. 46. Vocabulary Ex. XVI. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. amateur vacant option literally summit pave comparable urban erect conservation characterize recreation 1. Last Sunday we went mountaineering. The view became breathtaking when we reached the ________. 2. In China we implement a system ensuring that people doing jobs ___________receive __________ rates of pay. summit comparable comparable
  47. 47. Vocabulary Ex. XVI. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. amateur vacant option literally summit pave comparable urban erect conservation characterize recreation 3. We are fully confident that the 21st century will be _____________ by peace and success. 4. Peter’s contact with several famous critics ______ the way to his artistic success. characterized paved
  48. 48. Vocabulary Ex. XVI. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. amateur vacant option literally summit pave comparable urban erect conservation characterize recreation 5. An environmentalist is someone concerned with the ____________ of natural resources. 6. When reading a poem, you’d better not understand it in a ______ sense. conservation literal
  49. 49. Vocabulary Ex. XVI. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. amateur vacant option literally summit pave comparable urban erect conservation characterize recreation 7. People living in large cities often ______ emotional barriers against each other. 8. As a middle-aged housewife, she has few hobbies. Her favorite __________ is watching TV programs. erect recreation
  50. 50. Vocabulary Ex. XVII. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the expressions given in parentheses. 1. The small boat had been carried away by the waves during the storm. (wash away) 2. As many as 10 men can sleep in this tent which looks rather small and maybe is not more than 14 square meters. (up to) washed away Up to
  51. 51. Vocabulary Ex. XVII. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the expressions given in parentheses. 3. In order to protect the environment, people should remove all the tins, bottles, leftovers and other forms of garbage after a picnic. (clean up) clean up 4. In this small town, a thousand miles of bike trails that are close to and in line with the banks of rivers lead into a big park. (along the sides of) along the sides of
  52. 52. Vocabulary Ex. XVII. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the expressions given in parentheses. 5. He lost his job and in addition to that his wife left him. (on top of) 6. If we work together, we should be able to complete the project ahead of time. (coordinate one’s efforts) on top of coordinate our efforts
  53. 53. Vocabulary Ex. XVII. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the expressions given in parentheses. 7. Professor Bonnet has been studying cells of this type for many years. (work on) 8. An emphasis on success in exams is currently a common element of the education system in our country. (characterize by) The education system in our country is currently characterized by an emphasis on success in exams. is characterized by working on
  54. 54. Section C Earth — a Living Planet
  55. 55. Exercises of passage C Reading Skills Ex. XⅧ. Use context clues, word-formation clues and your knowledge of the subject to guess at the underlined words. In the margins, write a brief translation, definition or synonym for each of the underlined words. When you’ve finished, you can double-check the meanings in a dictionary if you have any doubts. Comprehension of the Text Ex. ⅩⅨ. Choose the correct one of each of the statements below so that they reflect what the writer stated in the article.
  56. 56. Ex. XⅧ. Use context clues, word-formation clues and your knowledge of the subject to guess at the underlined words. In the margins, write a brief translation, definition or synonym for each of the underlined words. When you’ve finished, you can double-check the meanings in a dictionary if you have any doubts. <ul><li>shines 2. exciting 3. in holding </li></ul><ul><li>4. using again after treatment </li></ul><ul><li>5. something dangerous for life 6. cleaned </li></ul><ul><li>7. a wall built across a river to keep back water </li></ul><ul><li>8. electricity generated by water </li></ul>
  57. 57. Ex. ⅩⅨ. Choose the correct one of each of the statements below so that they reflect what the writer stated in the article. 1. Water is the reason that people can live on Earth. 译文:水是人们能在地球上生活的根本。 2 . By itself, nature can keep the water recycling and provides us with an unchanging amount 0f water . 译文:大自然本身可以保持水的再循环,为我们提供均衡的水量。 3 . Only if people work with nature’s recycling system , can nature keep the balance and provide plenty d water for us. 译文:人们只有顺应大自然的循环系统,大自然才能保持平衡,并为我们提供大量的水。 4 . Not all the ways that people disturb nature are difficult to understand . 译文:人们扰乱大自然的一些做法是显而易见的。
  58. 58. Ex. ⅩⅨ. Choose the correct one of each of the statements below so that they reflect what the writer stated in the article. <ul><li>5 . Water can be filtered by sinking slowly down through the soft ground of a marsh. </li></ul><ul><li>译文:水在通过湿地慢慢渗透的过程中得到过滤。 </li></ul><ul><li>6 . Nature’s recycling system is in danger because much of the Earth is covered with paved and concrete surfaces . </li></ul><ul><li>译文:因为地球表面大部分地方铺上了混凝土,大自然的循环系统面临危险。 </li></ul><ul><li>7 . The building of large dams can destroy the environment for animals , birds , and plants . </li></ul><ul><li>译文:大堤坝的修建破坏了动物、鸟类和植物的生存环境。 </li></ul><ul><li>8 . It is easy for people to upset the balance of nature on this water planet . </li></ul><ul><li>译文:人们很容易破坏这个水星球的自然平衡。 </li></ul>

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