Does The Textile Commodity “polymer” Need Full Whopes Who Specification


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Does The Textile Commodity “polymer” Need Full Whopes Who Specification

  1. 1. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets – LLIN’s Presentation to LLIN Business Plan Meeting, Sept. 04, Johannesburg Dr. Gerhard Hesse c/o Bayer Environmental Science
  2. 2. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – why we need coverage with ITN/LLIN? <ul><li>Preconditions: </li></ul><ul><li>100% coverage with plain nets will not dramatically impact Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>But a coverage with 25% ITN has an impact (P. Guillet) </li></ul><ul><li>Today total coverage and ITN coverage is below need (Malaria still >>) </li></ul><ul><li>What to do: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase coverage with insecticide treated nets </li></ul><ul><li>How to do: </li></ul><ul><li>Scale-up capacity for overall net production </li></ul><ul><li>Provide technologies for in-, and post-process LLIN production </li></ul><ul><li>with that scale-up capacity for LLIN production </li></ul><ul><li>with that scale-up distribution and use of LLIN’s </li></ul>
  3. 3. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s - Definitions <ul><li>WHO definition: a ready-to-use pre-treated mosquito net, which requires no further </li></ul><ul><li> re-treatment during its expected lifespan (4-5 years - ?) </li></ul><ul><li> that depends on the material (Polyethylen > Polyester) </li></ul><ul><li> that depends on how the net is handled in general </li></ul><ul><li>WHOPES guidelines: > 20 washes - 80% mortality after 24 hrs (95% KD after 60 min) </li></ul><ul><li> that depends on the washing procedure, type of detergent, </li></ul><ul><li> on the washing frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Example: NetMark country surveys in Senegal, Sudan, Zambia: </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 50% of answers show washing in the range of 1x a week to 1x a month !! </li></ul><ul><li>in rural area more frequent washings than in urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>so WHO 20 washes: once a week = < half a year </li></ul><ul><li> once a month = < 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Lifespan definition is ???? </li></ul><ul><li>Best definition is increased wash resistance, so why not 20 washes ! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – LLIN’s and WHOPES <ul><li>Raises the question on the value of WHOPES evaluation, WHO/FAO spec’s: </li></ul><ul><li>undoubtedly necessary as quality criteria </li></ul><ul><li>undoubtedly necessary as product purchasing or selecting criteria </li></ul><ul><li>but should not be a delay factor for new LLIN technologies (costs, time, requirements) </li></ul><ul><li>Market needs volumes of nets, the two nets tested have limited capacities </li></ul><ul><li>WHOPES “fast track” is required and should be adopted by customers </li></ul><ul><li>Finding a technology which produces good results is not difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Finding a technology which produces constantly good results is “impossible” </li></ul><ul><li>Finding a coating polymer which lasts up to 10-15 washes is not difficult </li></ul><ul><li>But > 21 washes needs a special coating polymer or the insecticide in the fibre </li></ul><ul><li>Does the textile commodity “polymer” need full WHOPES / WHO specification? </li></ul><ul><li>BP: asking to refine standards in an open dialogue with WHO, will be done ! </li></ul><ul><li>Q.: Do we enhance the search for the optimum solution – the magic bullet ? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – Environment for technology inventions <ul><li>Technology inventions for LLIN’s are a competitive business and are run on various levels (Academia, commercial sector, small enterprises, PP partnerships) </li></ul><ul><li>Inventions need funds, time and partners which develop it to maturity and in the shortest time to market </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore the only successful models at the moment are private-private-public partnerships (textile manufacturers-pesticide industry, polymer providers-pesticide industry, master batch companies-pesticide industry-net manufacturers) – funded by the running business </li></ul><ul><li>The rest might not survive because of no funding from whatever source </li></ul><ul><li>These technologies are targeted to existing models or spin-offs from existing technologies with shortest time to market </li></ul><ul><li>Under these conditions we might not find the “magic bullet” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – Target 1: Public funding for new technologies <ul><li>Quote the Business Plan: </li></ul><ul><li>… negotiating the establishment of a technology trust !! </li></ul><ul><li>The inventing community is very divers, therefore… </li></ul><ul><li>something like a coordination “trust” is worthwhile to establish, </li></ul><ul><li>even R&D oriented companies have to sincerely evaluate the ROI into these technologies, e.g. pesticide industry with their marginal participation in the business, </li></ul><ul><li>Public funds have to be made available to allow academia or specialised small companies to invent </li></ul><ul><li>The trust should than enhance the transfer of the inventions to a marketer, which develops the “product” to maturity (WHOPES – 5 P’s of marketing) </li></ul><ul><li>This hopefully avoids the “not invented here” syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>And the perceived “exclusivity is no good” syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property rights (patents ??) have to be observed </li></ul>
  7. 7. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – Comparison of pre-treatment technologies <ul><li>Industrial in process production of pre-treated LLIN’s </li></ul><ul><li>extrusion technology from master batches is real high tech (Olyset) </li></ul><ul><li>in process coating needs additional equipment (PermaNet) </li></ul><ul><li>con’s: high capital investment necessary </li></ul><ul><li> occupational health risks high </li></ul><ul><li> excludes most parts of the industry </li></ul><ul><li> technology transfer not possible </li></ul><ul><li>pro’s: high LLIN production output </li></ul>
  8. 8. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – Comparison of pre-treatment technologies <ul><li>Industrial post process production of pre-treated LLIN’s </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanised treatment: </li></ul><ul><li>con’s: medium capital investment necessary </li></ul><ul><li> technology transfer difficult </li></ul><ul><li>pro’s: lesser occupational health risk </li></ul><ul><li> mass impregnation </li></ul><ul><li>Manual treatment : </li></ul><ul><li>con’s: higher occupational health risk </li></ul><ul><li> lower output because of extra step in handling </li></ul><ul><li>pro’s: very small capital investment necessary </li></ul><ul><li> suitable for smaller sized industry, impregnation centres etc </li></ul><ul><li> technology transfer is no problem </li></ul>
  9. 9. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – Other technologies <ul><li>IN PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>POST PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES: </li></ul><ul><li>produce “new” industrially pre-treated LLIN’s </li></ul><ul><li>What about the existing untreated nets which are already on the market ? </li></ul><ul><li>their conversion produces “old” re-treated LLIN’s </li></ul>
  10. 10. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – “ demand versus capacity” scenario <ul><li>Business Plan: 521 Mio people with 120 Mio in vulnerable groups, </li></ul><ul><li>2 persons per net, lifespan of the net approx. 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>We need 40-50 Mio nets / p.a. (or 20 Mio ITN’s ) </li></ul><ul><li>to meet the Abuja “targets” within 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>BP: 2003 capacity is somewhere between 30-35 Mio nets / p.a. (4.5 Mio LLIN’s) </li></ul><ul><li>we have a gap between demand and supply of nets, </li></ul><ul><li>and a huge gap for LLIN’s (Fig 10 in BP) </li></ul><ul><li>Taking the lifespan of a net with 4 years, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>we accumulate in 2002 - 2005 approx. 80 – 100 Mio “new” nets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(152 Mio BP 02-06) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from these approx. 18 Mio might be LLIN’s (Olyset, PermaNet) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Even doubling the capacity for the two is far away from feeding the demand </li></ul><ul><li>but we talk about 100 – 150 Mio existing nets which can be turned into LLIN’s </li></ul>
  11. 11. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – Target 2 : increase capacity of net manufacturers <ul><li>Q.: “Sleeping” capacity which can be increased rather quick ?? </li></ul><ul><li>to wake it up it needs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>certainty and commitment from the donors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainability versus short term institutional market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>commitment by the “implementors” (like NGO’s) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To keep it awake it needs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>planning and forecasting tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to make investment into up-scaled net production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… investment into up-scaled LLIN production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… investment into new technologies for impregnation </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – Target 3: public funds for industrial scale-up <ul><li>Use donor money to support net manufacturers in the decision to go for scale-up in the production of LLIN’s </li></ul><ul><li>No discrimination conc. the technology level or the location </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector has to create the trust in the market </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector has to create a business environment that allows private sector to make investments, e.g. MMSS, reputational purchasing agencies, guaranteed purchase, transparency etc </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wake up sleeping capacities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get rid of only sporadic full capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support all level entrepreneur ship </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – do we wait for the industrial up-scale ?? <ul><li>Scenario: in 2005 we may have the capacity of > 5 Mio LLIN’s / p.a. </li></ul><ul><li> time investment in new high tech plants: 1 year before production </li></ul><ul><li> money investment: 2.5 Mio $ for an additional 1 Mio LLIN / p.a. </li></ul><ul><li> to meet the 40 Mio need we investments approx. 100 Mio $ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>If the request is coverage with pre-treated LLIN’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>this is an unrealistic target in the Abuja timeframe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there is already competition for the “few” pre-treated LLIN’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>but still public sector attention is focussed here </li></ul><ul><li>If the request is capacity increase of pre-treated nets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>this is not a short to medium term target !! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>who pays for the investments ?? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>risk: if you built a new plant it has a certain output </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>who guarantees the long term and sustainable market ?? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Answer to the question in the headline: NO </li></ul>
  14. 14. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – Target 4: turn existing untreated nets into LLIN’s <ul><li>If the request is coverage with LLIN’s - this is the biggest target </li></ul><ul><li>Public Sector has no special focus for that (driven by industry and NGO’s) </li></ul><ul><li>To convert those nets into LLIN’s, we need: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a low tech effective and safe approach, which is available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>effective “one time” re-treatment campaigns (!!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGO’s, NetMark, multi approach projects, impregnation centres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>centres are cheaper / more effective because scale-up is done accord. to need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunistic free treatment of existing nets with distribution of new LLIN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcomes the non perceived added value discussion of pre-treated LLIN’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economical benefit, with the currently offered technology nearly double as much field </li></ul><ul><li>re-treated LLIN’s can be generated than industrially pre-treated LLIN’s </li></ul><ul><li>Also here the public sector should enhance the business environment, because this </li></ul><ul><li>segment by nature might be only short term </li></ul><ul><li>NB: we might need this solution after reaching 21 washes !!! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Long lasting insecticide impregnated nets LLIN’s – to reach the coverage with ITN/LLIN <ul><li>Abuja targets for 2005 are not SMART </li></ul><ul><li>(specific/simple, manageable, achievable, realistic and timely) </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling up the production of nets and LLIN’s has to be enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>Investment scenarios for this have to be created by the public sector </li></ul><ul><li>There is no excuse in not reaching the coverage because the necessary quantities of industrial pre-treated LLIN’s are not available </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal to donors: do not waste time waiting for the magic bullet, if there are no pre-treated LLIN’s do not loose interest in field converted LLIN’s or even conventional re-treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies on all levels are available or will be short term available </li></ul><ul><li>Investment scenarios in optimised technologies have to be created by the public sector </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector should take into consideration the implementation skills of the NGO and private sector community </li></ul>