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  • As most of you know, economic development is fundamentally about enhancing the factors of productive capacity - land, labor, capital, and technology. The role of the public sector is to use its resources and powers when there is a public benefit at stake or a market failure to reduce the risks and costs which could prohibit investment, thereby setting the stage for employment-generating investment by the private sector. The public sector’s efforts may enhance a community's: labor force (workforce preparation, accessibility, cost); infrastructure (accessibility, capacity, and service of basic utilities, as well as transportation and telecommunications); business and community facilities (access, capacity, and service to business incubators, industrial/technology/science parks, schools/community colleges/universities, sports/tourist facilities); environment (physical, psychological, cultural, and entrepreneurial); economic structure (composition); and institutional capacity (leadership, knowledge, skills) to support economic development and growth. However, there can be trade-offs between economic development's goals of job creation and wealth generation.  Increasing productivity, for instance, may eliminate some types of jobs in the short-run. Economists Peter Bearse and Roger Vaughan write that: Development is a qualitative change, which entails changes in the structure of the economy, including innovations in institutions, behavior, and technology. Growth is a quantitative change in the scale of the economy - in terms of investment, output, consumption, and income. They also argue that the measure of productivity should not be solely monetary; it should also represent and shed light on how effectively scarce natural resources are being used and how well pollution is being reduced or prevented.
  • Djackson Presentation

    1. 1. Economic Development Through Eco-Industrial Development Dion Jackson, Project Manager The National Center for Eco-Industrial Development
    2. 2. Economic Development <ul><li>Creating jobs that… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase the standard of living </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the quality of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessen inequalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a stable economic base </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing – higher wages w/o higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Improving the competitiveness of businesses </li></ul>
    3. 3. Strategies <ul><li>Linking Businesses for Economic Growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By-Product Exchange </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eco-Industrial Opportunities for Local Businesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Business Development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional Market & Material Flow Based Eco-Industrial Developments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eco-Industrial Park – Virtual or Co-located </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Linking Businesses for Economic Growth <ul><ul><li>Henry Ford: Kingsford Charcoal from scrap wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Destructive distillation of wood scrap </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Methyl alcohol as antifreeze </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ketones for paints </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethyl acetate for artificial leather </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Punch press circles became radiator caps </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Examples of Linked Businesses in Modesto <ul><li>Triad Energy Resources produces organic-based fertilizer products from organic waste from wineries in the county. </li></ul><ul><li>Gilroy Foods produces a byproduct: organic waste which another company uses for cattle feed. </li></ul><ul><li>Poland Homes Hulling & Shelling sells their hulls for dairy feed and corral filling. (AHPA) </li></ul>
    6. 6. New Linkages: Processors of Organic Wastes <ul><li>Public/Private Anaerobic Digester </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking organic solid waste producers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ornamental plant production and water purification: Living Machines TM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking large wastewater producers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charcoal produced from Almond Shells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking Almond Shell processors </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Anaerobic Digester <ul><li>Conversion to biogas, a liquid fertilizer, and fiber. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of MSW, biosolids, industrial organic wastes, and lawn & garden residues with low woody content plus wastewater </li></ul>
    8. 8. Anaerobic Digestion <ul><li>Waste Treatment Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural waste treatment process. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires less land than aerobic composting or landfilling. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces disposed waste volume and weight to be landfilled. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces concentrations of leachates. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Net energy producing process. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generates a high-quality renewable fuel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biogas proven in numerous end-use applications. </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Anaerobic Digestion <ul><li>Environmental Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significantly reduces carbon dioxide and methane emissions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminates odors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produces a sanitized compost and nutrient-rich fertilizer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximizes recycling benefits. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is more cost-effective than other treatment options from a life-cycle perspective. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Living Machines TM <ul><li>Successfully used to treat sewage and process water from food processing </li></ul><ul><li>Built on the concepts of bioremediation and ecological engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Wastewater enters system and flows through a series of tanks ending up purified for irrigation, aquaculture, toilet flushing, truck washing etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Less expensive to build and operate than conventional systems </li></ul>
    11. 11. The South Burlington Living Machine® <ul><li>80,000 gallons per day of municipal sewage (1,600 residential users) </li></ul>Aerobic Reactors Clarifier Ecological Fluidized Beds
    12. 12. Ethel M Chocolates <ul><li>Zero discharge facility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sludge is treated on-site by a composting reed bed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>32,000 gallons/day of high strength confectionary wastewater </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminated sewer surcharges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conserves water – used to irrigate landscape </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Almond Shells into Charcoal <ul><li>Process similar to Kingsford </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood chips into charcoal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate barbeque applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use charcoal for odor purification in Living Machine TM </li></ul><ul><li>Use charcoal to remove impurities in water related to color </li></ul>
    14. 14. Eco-Industrial Opportunities for Developing New Local Businesses
    15. 15. Tilapia Aquaculture <ul><li>Waste water from food processing plants is purified by a Living Machine TM for use in Aquaculture Business </li></ul><ul><li>Tilapia or other land-based farmed fish </li></ul>
    16. 16. Expanded Animal Feed Production <ul><li>Identify additional organic waste for use as animal feed </li></ul><ul><li>Based on nutrient content, water content is reduced to 15% for pelletized feed </li></ul>
    17. 17. Energy Production <ul><li>Biomass Conversion: Pyrolysis & Biological Gasification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Burn biomass and convert to gas for use as fuel source for electricity or heat generation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ethanol Production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ferment cellulosic biomass into ethanol for use as motor fuel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bio-Diesel Production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For use as fuel for electricity generators or fuel </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Co-Generation <ul><li>10-30% more efficient use of fuel to electricity </li></ul><ul><li>State subsidy for development </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces Peak load on the “Grid” </li></ul><ul><li>Most effective in applications where business needs steam for their processes </li></ul>
    19. 19. Green Roof Business <ul><li>Decreasing surface water run-off </li></ul><ul><li>Lowering building heating and cooling costs </li></ul>
    20. 20. Green Roofs: Chicago City Hall
    21. 21. Other Strategy Applications
    22. 22. Molybdenum <ul><li>Found in wastewater from several industrial plants </li></ul><ul><li>If it could be concentrated it may be extractable at a lower cost than it would bring as a commodity </li></ul>
    23. 23. Application of Eco-Industrial Strategies to Remediation <ul><li>Waste is a Resource </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find ways to capture the value of contaminants and other wastes on site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate remediation options from long-term sustainability perspective </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Capture Value <ul><li>Deconstruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Ore, Berkeley, CA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Institute, Minneapolis, MN </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concrete (based on then current market value) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Los Angeles, CA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sloan Auto, Buffalo, NY </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Presented by The National Center for Eco-Industrial Development