Career Trends


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Career Trends

  1. 1. CAREER TRENDS Career Center Craven Hall 1400 CSUSM
  2. 2. CAREER TRENDS <ul><li>Influencing Factors </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Industry Trends </li></ul><ul><li>State Trends </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies for Assisting the Labor Force of the Future </li></ul>
  3. 3. CAREER TRENDS Influencing Factors <ul><li>Unpredictable Influences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Natural Disasters - Tsunami, Katrina </li></ul></ul><ul><li> - Unnatural Disasters – 9/11 </li></ul><ul><li>- New Trends – TV influences, new laws </li></ul><ul><li>Workforce Population Influences </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The size of the workforce </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Population expected increase – 24.5 mil ’00 -’12 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slightly faster rate than ‘90-’00 but slower than ’80 -’90 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population growth trends toward U. S. coastal areas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. CAREER TRENDS Influencing Factors <ul><li>Labor Force Influences </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian labor force is expected to increase by 17.4 million </li></ul><ul><li>Generational Influences </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GI/Depression Era - retired </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Silent – retiring, some still working </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boomers – still working, retirement planning issues </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(40% of Boomers have no retirement other than SS) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gen X – smallest workforce </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gen Y, Gen “WHY”?, Millennium - tidal wave two </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. CAREER TRENDS Influencing Factors <ul><li>Labor Force Influences </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity Influences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By 2012, Hispanics will constitute a greater share of labor force than African Americans, Asians or any minority. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 2012 men’s share of the labor force will decrease to 52.1% while women’s share increases to 47.9%; workers 55 and older will continue to increase. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disabled workers will increase 3.9%, some of this increase is due to the aging workforce. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. CAREER TRENDS Influencing Factors <ul><li>Labor Force Influences </li></ul><ul><li>Education and Training Influences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jobs requiring associate degrees are the fastest growing at 32% followed by postsecondary vocational education at 24.1%. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occupations with the Most New Jobs: Associate’s Degrees or Postsecondary Vocational Awards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Registered nurses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer support specialists </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical records and health information technicians </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer software engineers, applications </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer software engineers, system software </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical therapist assistants </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Database administrators </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Veterinary Technologists and technicians </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. CAREER TRENDS Factors <ul><ul><ul><li>Employment options at least requiring a BA degree is expected to grow 21.6% by 2012. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occupations with the most new jobs: Bachelor’s Degree </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elementary school teachers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accountants and auditors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer systems analysts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary school teachers (except voc ed) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer software engineers, systems software </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Network systems and data communications analysts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Network and computer systems administrators </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer programmers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends <ul><li>Service-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift from goods-producing to service-producing is expected to continue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 out of every 5 new jobs created will be service jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2/3 of this growth is concentrated in three sectors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Professional business services </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health services </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social assistance services </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends <ul><li>Service-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Business Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer and technical services is the fastest growing industry (includes pre-packaged software, computer data, networking systems design and management, computer-related consulting services) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personnel supply services (employment and temp staffing agencies) has the largest source of numerical employment growth. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other business service industries experiencing the most growth are accounting, credit intermediation, finance, insurance and real estate; government; transportation, communications and utilities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends <ul><li>Service-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Home health care services, hospitals, offices of health practitioners will add 2.9 million new jobs in the next 10 years. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demand will increase due to the aging population (baby boomers) and longer life expectancies. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest demand will continue for nurses (especially bilingual) and health care professionals in rural areas. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. CAREER TRENDS 2012 U.S. Industry Trends <ul><li>Service-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Child daycare and residential services will add 1.2 million new jobs. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continued need for math, science, special ed, and </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> bilingual teachers. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Higher education shortage of faculty due to retirements. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends <ul><li>Service-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wholesale and Retail Trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The food & beverage/hospitality industry will have the largest increase. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Finance, Insurance and Real Estate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Real Estate Brokers account for the largest growth due to increase in housing demands. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical and health insurance carriers will account for the majority of insurance growth. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Securities and commodity brokers will account for 1/3 rd of this industry growth. However jobs in depository institutions will decline due to automated and internet banking options. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends <ul><li>Service-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation, Communications and Utilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local Inter-urban transportation will see the biggest industry growth with trucking and warehousing providing the most new jobs. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demand for wireless, cable and internet connections will create 296,000 jobs by 2015. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growth in the utility sector will be driven by water supply and sanitary services industry……………..emergency service needs! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other utility services such as electricity and gas production and distribution will see declines in jobs due to increased productivity and output brought on by technology. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends <ul><li>Service-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government was expected to grow primarily at state and local levels before 9/11. Now we see a significant increase in Homeland Security needs which is fueling federal growth. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>40% of federal employees will be at retirement age within the next year. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends <ul><li>Goods-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Stagnant since the 1980’s </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Construction, Agriculture and Forestry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Construction industry will increase in new housing and infrastructure. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Veterinary, landscape and horticultural services will account for ¾ of the growth in this industry. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General agriculture jobs will continue to decline due to technology advances and the demise of family farms. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends <ul><li>Goods-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Durable Goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Production of electronics and vehicles will see a small growth (mostly hybrid cars). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Durable Goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Textiles, apparel and leather goods will see a decline. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drug manufacturing will see an increase of 28%, due to the aging population and increase in life expectancy. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industries Trends <ul><li>Goods-Producing Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coal, metal and non-metal material mining will decrease. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oil and Gas will see a small increase. New refineries must be built. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. CAREER TRENDS State Trends <ul><li>California Largest Numerical Growth By Occupation Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Sales and Related Occupations (Retail, wholesale manufacturing, insurance, real estate, financial services, and telemarketers). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Education, Training and Library Occupations (Preschool to postsecondary). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Office and Administrative Support Occupations. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. CAREER TRENDS State Trends <ul><li>California Largest Numerical Growth By Occupation Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Construction and Extraction Occupations . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Management Occupations (Executives to Educational Administrators). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. Health Care Practitioners and Technical Occupations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8. Computer and Mathematics Occupations (all computer jobs, actuaries and statisticians). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9. Health Care Support Staff Occupations. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. CAREER TRENDS State Trends <ul><li>California Largest Numerical Growth By Individual Occupations by 2012 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Retail Sales Clerk - 77,800 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Combined Food and Prep Serving Including Fast Food - 62,200 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Cashiers - 61,900 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Registered Nurses - 56,800 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Waiters and Waitresses - 50,900 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Customer Service Representatives - 47,300 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. General Office Clerks - 46,200 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8. General and Operations Managers - 42,900 jobs </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. CAREER TRENDS State Trends <ul><li>California Largest Numerical Growth By Individual Occupations Requiring Postsecondary Degrees by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Registered Nurses - 56,800 jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2. General and Operations Managers - 42,900 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Elementary School Teacher, Except Special Education - 31,300 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Computer Software Engineers, Applications - 29,000 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Secondary Teachers, Except Special Education and Vocational - 25,200 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software - 22,400 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. Accountants and Auditors - 21,600 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8. Management Analysts - 18,300 jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9. Computer Systems Analysts - 17,800 jobs </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. CAREER TRENDS Strategies <ul><li>Life-long learning…..OJT </li></ul><ul><li>Experiential opportunities/Internships </li></ul><ul><li>Job shadowing </li></ul><ul><li>Professional panels </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Tours and field trips </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of skills, interests, personality, aptitudes and values </li></ul><ul><li>Computer skills </li></ul><ul><li>Soft skills development (professional etiquette) </li></ul><ul><li>Partnering with colleges and employers </li></ul>
  23. 23. CAREER TRENDS Strategies <ul><li>Job Search Success </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers less than 7% of the jobs (high turnover, high vacancy, less smaller organizations). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking….who do you know, and who do they know? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Niche market websites (Professional organizations and industry listing services). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organization electronic self-promotion, www.company_name.JOBS domains. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students today must plan on continuing their education throughout their life. </li></ul><ul><li>Students today can anticipate having 3+ careers in their life time. (Those in business and industry will experience an average of 2 layoffs). </li></ul>
  24. 24. CAREER TRENDS FUTURE JOBS?!?!?! <ul><li>Nano-technologist </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-information fuel cell engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Bubble Tea Technician </li></ul><ul><li>Certified dog-walker specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Configuration Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Staffing Strategist </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial Intelligence Technician </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculturist </li></ul><ul><li>Bionic Medical Technician </li></ul><ul><li>Cryonics Technician </li></ul><ul><li>Myotherapist </li></ul><ul><li>Fusionoptic Engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Computational Linguist </li></ul><ul><li>Genome Research Technician </li></ul><ul><li>Cybrarian </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Imagination Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Relocation Therapist </li></ul><ul><li>Pathfinder </li></ul>
  25. 25. CAREER TRENDS Resources <ul><li>U.S. Department of Labor Statistics website </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Outlook Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>California Employment Development Department website </li></ul><ul><li>CSUSM Career website </li></ul>