All Pakistan Textile Processing Mills Associations


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All Pakistan Textile Processing Mills Associations

  1. 1. Past, Present, and Future of NEQS Implementation in Pakistan By Azher Uddin Khan CEO Cleaner Production Institute
  2. 2. Process of NEQS Formulation The Past <ul><ul><li>1983-1988 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Period of No Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promulgation of the Environmental Protection Ordinance in 1983 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Further Action </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Process of NEQS Formulation The Past <ul><ul><li>1989-1993 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Period of Strategic Actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Conservation Strategy was prepared and approved by the cabinet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of EPA’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First PEPC Meeting </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Rules and Procedures for NEQS The Past <ul><ul><li>Set up of Environmental Standard Committee – Shamslakha Committee - 1996 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approval of PEPA 1997 by the Cabinet and Assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Environmental Quality Standard (Self-monitoring and reporting by industries) Rules, 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provincial Sustainable Development Fund (Procedure) Rules, 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provincial Sustainable Development Fund (Utilization) Rules, 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Pollution Charge (Calculation and Collection) Rules, 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Sampling Rules, 1999 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazardous Substances Rules, 1999 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Laboratory Certification </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Past and Present <ul><ul><li>Institutional Strengthening of EPAs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional Strengthening of Industry Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FPCCI established permanent environmental cell and committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 8 industrial associations established environmental committees and technical cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector-level Implementation of environmental projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan Tanners Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All Pakistan Textile Processing Mills Associations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan Society of Sugar Technologists </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Cleaner Production Technologies <ul><ul><li>Initiation of Cleaner Production Measures in 90s for resource conservation, recovery, reuse and recycling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of CP can generate savings for the implementation of wastewater treatment (Example: 5-7 years in textile processing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects and Programs for CP Implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Technology Program for Industry (ETPI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaner Production Program (CPP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction of Cleaner Technologies in Punjab Tanneries (ICTP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaner Technology Program for Korangi Tanneries (CTP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction of CP in Textile Sector of Pakistan (ICPT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaner Production Centres (CPC) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Wastewater Treatment Technologies <ul><ul><li>Activated sludge process is the most commonly employed technology for treatment of tannery, textile processing and other wastewaters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UASB + Aerated Lagoons technology used in CETP for Korangi Tanneries, Karachi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffused Air Floatation technology employed for the primary treatment of a paper mill wastewater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facultative ponds technology used in Combined Effluent Treatment Plant for Kasur tanneries for primary treatment </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Environment Industry Projects Implemented <ul><li>Kasur Environmental Management Project </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection and Resource Conservation Project </li></ul><ul><li>Combined Effluent Treatment Plant – Korangi </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Transfer for Sustainable Industry Development </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Technology Program for Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of Cleaner Technologies in Punjab Tanneries </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaner Production Center – Sialkot </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital Waste Management Project </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of Cleaner Technologies in Textile Sector – Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of CPC at Attock Refinery </li></ul><ul><li>Ozone Depleting Substances Project </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Efficiency in Road Transport Sector Project </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaner Production Program for Industries </li></ul>
  9. 9. NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Initiatives under Implementation <ul><ul><li>National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction of Cleaner Technologies in Punjab Tanneries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of Cleaner Technologies in Karachi Tanneries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan Tanners Association’s (PTA) Laboratory of Environmental Sciences (LES) in Lahore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of Cleaner Production Technologies in the Textile-Processing Sector of Pakistan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaner Production Centres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan Environmental Research & Training – WWF and Lead-Pakistan </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Environmental Investments by Industries <ul><ul><li>Past (1993-2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan’s industries have made an investment of about Rupees 4 billion for the implementation of environmental solutions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fertilizer, Cement, Leather, textile, Pulp & Paper, Pharmaceutical sectors are the major investors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential Future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is projected that in the next ten years (2005-2015) the potential for environmental investments in different industrial sectors is about Rupees 15 billion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The environmental investments will be gradually raised to the range of Rs.1.3-1.5-1.8 billion per year by 2005-2010-2015 respectively. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major investments will in the form of CETPs, Hazardous waste management, leather, textile, and sugar sectors. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Setbacks to the NEQS Compliance The Present <ul><ul><li>The momentum of 1996-1999 was substantially lost in 2000 and later years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Change: The present mindset of the government has taken out the element of political will from the environmental movement in the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9/11 Event and Afghan War: Environmental investments went down by 30%, and 70-80% in the leather and textile sectors, respectively. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defocused EPAs, NGOs, and Industry Associations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPAs remained focus on the universal implementation of NEQS to all the industries of Pakistan, including those financially disturbed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During 2000-2003, the performance of NGOs was at bare minimum. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The Way Out The Future <ul><ul><li>Selling NEQS Implementation to the Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The conditions in the country and in the international market have improved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs and other civic entrepreneurs have to stand-up with EPAs to improve the understanding of the government about environmental issues and secure the political will. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the Courts more Objectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPAs, NGOs, and civic entrepreneurs should approach courts and environmental tribunals more frequently </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Way Out-The Future Focus the Defocus <ul><ul><li>EPAs, in view of their, capabilities and capacity, shall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>focus on few, with the sizeable pollution loads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textile Mills (600) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanneries (300) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large Industries (100) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multinational Industry (100) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipal Agencies (Initially with more than 1 million population) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPAs to make Industrial Associations as partners of implementation of NEQS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote ISO 14000 certification </li></ul></ul>