Advanced Technology Seminar


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Advanced Technology Seminar

  1. 1. Advanced Technology Seminar Cyrus Daftary & Todd Krieger January 7, 2008 Legal Research, Issues & Practice Online and Beyond
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Welcome </li></ul><ul><li>The Impact of Technology on the Practice of Law </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Using the Electronic Book and Text </li></ul><ul><li>Course Expectations / Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Questions & Answers </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  3. 3. I. Welcome <ul><li>Welcome - Adjunct Professors Daftary & Krieger - Introduction of Classmates </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of Course - Become aware of the current legal issues with technology and the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>- Understand the legal issues associated with creating, managing, and sustaining a dot com company - Improved understanding of technologies associated with the Internet - Have fun </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  4. 4. II. The Impact of Technology on the Practice of Law - Introduction <ul><li>Technology has facilitated numerous opportunities and challenges for the legal profession. </li></ul>January 7, 2008 <ul><li>Efficient information access and transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Portability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palm-top & PDA computing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Instant communication </li></ul><ul><li>Revival of ‘forgotten’ areas of law </li></ul><ul><li>New ways of building communities </li></ul><ul><li>Novel legal challenges </li></ul>Opportunities <ul><li>Digital crimes </li></ul><ul><li>Digital torts </li></ul><ul><li>Novel jurisdictions </li></ul><ul><li>Heightened regulatory climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriot Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uncharted territory </li></ul>Challenges
  5. 5. Some New Advanced Technology Legal Issues from the Past Year <ul><li>Worldwide ringtone revenue is measured in billions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>( / ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The $100 per student laptop project is gaining traction. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal concerns over web cams and other features. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presidential candidates are using as a forum. </li></ul><ul><li>New mobile phones will combine GPS features with advertising. </li></ul>January 7, 2008 $100!
  6. 6. Other Pending Technology Battles: <ul><li>Crossover challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual worlds have created new opportunities for IP infringement, piracy, and theft. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals can buy and sell virtual goods and services with convertible currency on Second Life. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking sites such as myspace and facebook also present a novel forum for legal issues. </li></ul></ul>January 7, 2008
  7. 7. Recognize this location? January 7, 2008 <ul><li>Any legal concerns with Google Earth? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Imagine a scene not possible a few years ago… <ul><li>Client calls you on your PDA or Blackberry while you are enjoying a coffee at Starbucks. </li></ul><ul><li>He or she e-mails a picture from his camera phone to your PDA of an infringing knockoff bought on e-Bay. </li></ul><ul><li>With wireless access, you e-mail an offshore legal service in Mumbai for initial preparation of the complaint. </li></ul><ul><li>You complete the complaint from your laptop and e-mail it wirelessly to your client for review. </li></ul><ul><li>You investigate the infringer’s background on-line using Lexis-Nexis. </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  9. 9. But… <ul><li>A hacker taps into your wireless e-mail stream; </li></ul><ul><li>He or she warns the infringer of the pending suit; and </li></ul><ul><li>The infringer erases implicating e-mail records and destroys physical evidence. </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  10. 10. Technology may still prevail… <ul><li>Your digital discovery request includes the infringer’s physical hard drives. </li></ul><ul><li>Your computer forensics expert uncovers the implicating deleted e-mail. </li></ul><ul><li>You prepare a winning case using digital animation and diagrams to win the case. </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s start with the primary catalyst to this shift... </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  11. 11. III. Understanding the Internet <ul><li>To answer this question, we need to look two things: - Examine Recent Trends - Paradigm Shift </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  12. 12. A. Trends Over the Past 15 Years <ul><li>Technological - Mainframe to PC to PDA based society - Cost of change is lower now - Brand loyalty is no longer a factor – computers and hardware are commodities. - Cell phones can now be used to surf the web, send e-mail, take photos, listen to MP3s, navigate with GPS, and other functions. </li></ul><ul><li>Social - Shift from a National View to Global View </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals can access vast social networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic - Moved from Industrial based economy to an Information based economy - Moved from buying tangible goods to intangible services - Dot com boom to a dot com bomb to hybrid companies and traditional retailers making their niche. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  13. 13. Trends Online <ul><li>The wild west of online culture was tamed by new laws, tighter enforcement and the absence of cash. </li></ul>January 7, 2008 Free for all / Wild West Dot Com explosion/ protecting their turf Consumer/ Corporate legal protection Dot Bomb/ globalization Aggressive enforcement Fight for the crumbs Old wine in new bottles COPPA ACCPA Active online policing Yahoo! France battle <1997 ~1997-98 1999 2000 2001 2002 Privacy Security Brick and Mortar take over the net 2003 2004 2005 Sharing and Building Personal Spaces 2006 Convergence of portability, entertainment and communications 2007 TBD 2008?
  14. 14. B. Paradigm Shift <ul><li>Recent trends have changed the way we act and do business - In the old days, an investor would only invest in a company that had solid tangible assets/balance sheets. Still, some investors were willing to invest big money on knowledge based companies like Y AHOO! , e B a y and G o o g l e before they were making consistent profits. </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s workforce - Needs to have diverse and continually evolving skill sets - Understanding of things versus memorization - Dynamic skills versus procedure (process) </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  15. 15. Result of Paradigm Shift January 7, 2008 <ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Selling </li></ul><ul><li>Buying of products and services on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>E-Business </li></ul><ul><li>An enterprise designed for success in the information age </li></ul><ul><li>Creating new sources of shareholder value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building customer loyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimizing business process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating new products and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing risk and compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaching new markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing human capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harnessing technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieving market leadership </li></ul></ul>E-Commerce “ E-Commerce is what you do and E-Business is what you are . ”
  16. 16. Retail E-Commerce is Still Growing <ul><li>Retail online shopping in the US during the 2007 holiday season grew by 19% to $28 billion. (Comscore) </li></ul><ul><li>Online apparel sales now exceed online computer software & hardware sales. ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>35% of American households now pay their bills online. ( ) </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  17. 17. January 7, 2008 Industry Impact of the Internet Logistics Manufacturing Transportation Government Services Home Services Automotive Mfg. Telecom Healthcare Entertainment Banking Travel Advertising Publishing Utilities Stock Trading Book selling Office Supplies Marketing, Selling and Customer Service Offering Structure and Delivery Entire Industry source: Gartner Group HIGH LOW Retail Every Industry is Affected
  18. 18. Cyberspace & the Internet <ul><li>A. The Origin of Cyberspace </li></ul><ul><li>B. The Evolution of the Internet </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  19. 19. A. The Term Cyberspace <ul><li>The term ‘cyberspace’ traces its origin back to a science fiction novel written by William Gibson entitled Neuromancer . </li></ul><ul><li>In this book, corporations replaced governments and computer hackers waged a war against secure data. This chaos was called Cyberspace. </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  20. 20. B. The Evolution of the Internet <ul><li>The Internet was born about 25 years ago out of an effort to connect U.S. Defense Department networks to various radio and satellite networks. </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1970s, many universities and non-governmental entities linked into the Defense Department net. </li></ul><ul><li>By the late 1980s, many networks were linked together to create the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>To date, no one entity controls the Internet, but there are consortiums that agree on standards. </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  21. 21. C. Understanding How the Internet Works January 7, 2008
  22. 22. 1. Local Area Network (LAN) January 7, 2008
  23. 23. 2. Wide Area Network (WAN) January 7, 2008
  24. 24. 3. The Internet <ul><li>Combination of privately run networks to which enterprises connect their LANs & WANs. </li></ul><ul><li>These privately run networks span the world creating redundancy and stability. </li></ul><ul><li>Each network(s) is connected by copper and fiber optic land lines and wireless links. </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent devices called “routers” route data over the many networks. </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  25. 25. a. The Components of the Internet <ul><li>Bulletin Board Services (popular since the 1980s) - electronic mail, messages, software distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial On-Line Services - AOL, MSN, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Private Systems - Local Area Networks, Intranets meant for small groups </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Networks - Telnet, File Transfer Protocol, collection of inter- connected computer systems that transfer information </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  26. 26. b. What are People Really Doing on the Internet <ul><li>E-mail </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Real Time Chat Discussions – Instant Messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Socializing </li></ul><ul><li>Games and entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Educational and research services </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial transactions </li></ul><ul><li>Software and content exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to music and watch TV – File swapping </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  27. 27. Electronic Publishing <ul><li>Think of the Internet/World Wide Web as an electronic book in which text, images, sounds and video can be stored. These electronic books are capable of having footnotes and cross references in the form of links to themselves or other electronic books. </li></ul><ul><li>The content of these books are published in HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) </li></ul><ul><li>HTML is interpreted via web browser (Internet Explorer, Firefox, etc.) </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  28. 28. c. What are Lawyers Doing on the Internet? <ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Writing and Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Billing </li></ul><ul><li>Compiling Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Making Practice Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Replacing Paper Libraries with Virtual Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  29. 29. Challenges to the Legal Profession January 7, 2008 <ul><li>Who is the buyer? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the seller? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the buyer? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the seller? </li></ul><ul><li>What laws apply? </li></ul><ul><li>Can parties choose another law? </li></ul><ul><li>Are electronic agreements enforceable? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I protect my copyright / tradename? </li></ul><ul><li>Am I liable for the content of others? </li></ul><ul><li>Do consumers have special protection? </li></ul><ul><li>When must I pay VAT? </li></ul><ul><li>When must I pay income tax? </li></ul><ul><li>Will the US give me a foreign tax credit? </li></ul>
  30. 30. E-mail <ul><li>Think of e-mail the same way you do writing a letter. Imagine yourself addressing a message and placing it into a US Postal box or fax machine. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the post office has it, it gets sorted and forwarded to another place. </li></ul><ul><li>Note - e-mail is a form of electronic publishing. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of millions of e-mail messages traverse cyberspace each day (many of them are spam!). </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail messages are faster and cheaper than mailing letters/sending faxes. </li></ul>January 7, 2008 E-mail is Analogous to…
  31. 31. E-mail Tips <ul><li>Never commit anything to e-mail that you would not want to be public knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure e-mail notes are politically correct. (Do not send abusive, harassing, threatening or bigoted messages) </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid sarcasm </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  32. 32. IV. Using the E-Book and Accompanying Text <ul><li>Materials on the web - you can access via the Suffolk Web Site @ </li></ul><ul><li>“ E-Business Legal Handbook” (3 rd Edition) by Rustad & Daftary. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to instructions on the website regarding the reading assignments – many assignments are not as long as they seem! </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  33. 33. V. Course Expectations <ul><li>Grading Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Class Schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Class Interaction </li></ul>January 7, 2008
  34. 34. Final Project & Paper <ul><li>Project and papers are based on scenarios on the course web site. </li></ul><ul><li>Final project: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>½ hour presentation related to legal scenario with group of 2-3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group creates business plan related to scenario and associated web site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 students take opposing sides to discuss legal presentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 student takes role of CEO and presents the business plan and web site </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Final paper: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10+ pages based on scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Answer questions in the hypo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Well researched with cites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus is on analysis </li></ul></ul></ul>January 7, 2008
  35. 35. VI. Questions & Answers January 7, 2008