Updated Mbti Zmodel Presentation March 2011


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Presentation given to students at St. Mary\'s University, March 2011

Updated Mbti Zmodel Presentation March 2011

  1. 1. The MBTI and the “Z” Model of Problem Solving <br />Using MBTI Type to Reach a Collaborative Solution<br />
  2. 2. Review basics of type theory<br />Answer the question, “What is the dominant function of each type?”<br />Learn how to apply dominant function to the “Z” model in group problem solving<br />Learning Objectives<br />
  3. 3. …Using Your NON- dominant hand, copy the following sentence: <br />The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.<br />
  4. 4. Psychological Preferences<br />Just as we have preferences for left or right-handedness, we also have preferences for:<br /><ul><li>Extraversion versus Introversion
  5. 5. Sensing versus Intuition
  6. 6. Thinking versus Feeling
  7. 7. Judging versus Perceiving (Myers-Briggs added the J/P distinction. Carl Jung did not make this distinction)</li></li></ul><li>The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)<br />was developed by <br />Katharine C. Briggs<br />and her daughter <br />Isabel Briggs Myers<br />based on the work of Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, who presented his psychological type theory in his book Psychological Types(published 1921, translated into English 1923).<br />
  8. 8. Carl Gustav Jung<br />Jung believed that essential preferences do not change, what does change is how we use preference and that is determined by what our environment teaches us.<br />
  9. 9. Other factors that influence personality development other than type include:<br /><ul><li>Family influences
  10. 10. Country of origin
  11. 11. Education
  12. 12. Life experiences
  13. 13. ????????</li></li></ul><li>There are several MBTI instruments!<br /><ul><li>The MBTI Step I is primarily a “sorting instrument”</li></ul>It identifies “birds of a feather” (Ex: ENTP, ISFJ, ESFP…)<br /><ul><li>The MBTI Step II highlights variations of preference within a particular type</li></ul>An INFJ who prefers to initiate conversations is “An Initiating INFJ” <br />An ENFP who doesn’t wait until the last minute is “An Early Starting ENFP”<br />
  14. 14. But Wait! There’s More!<br />
  15. 15. There is a newly released MBTI!!<br />The MBTI Step III is a Type Development Instrument that identifies:<br /><ul><li>How well you use perception and judgment based on your reported or verified type?
  16. 16. If you are effective in the processes that come naturally to you and yet use skills or adaptations to compensate for tasks that are often a challenge for you?</li></li></ul><li>Where Do I Focus My Energy and Attention?<br />Extraversion<br />Focus energy and attention OUTWARD<br />Are interested in world of PEOPLE and THINGS<br />Extraverts use their DOMINANT function in the outside world<br />Can often go straight to the party after a long day of class<br />Introversion<br />Focus their energy and attention INWARD<br />Are interested in the inner world of THOUGHT and REFLECTION<br />Introverts use their DOMINANT function in their mind<br />May require some time alone to recharge before heading out to the party after a long day of class<br />
  17. 17. How do I Take in Information and Data?<br />Sensing<br />Seek facts<br />Use common sense<br />Use their 5 senses<br />In the moment<br />Asks: What is the lay of the land? What do we know?<br />INtuition<br />Imagines possibilities<br />Uses brainstorming<br />Assesses connections<br />Future<br />Asks: Is there a new way to do this? Can we give it a different twist?<br />
  18. 18. Linear/”Give me the steps”<br />Conceptual/”This is related to that”<br />
  19. 19. The Way We Make Decisions<br />Thinking<br />Critiques and deduces<br />Uses logic<br />Identifies consequences <br />Asks:<br />Why should this be done? <br />“Felix Flaw Finder”<br />Feeling<br />Involves everyone<br />Cultivates harmony<br />Identifies the positives<br />Asks: <br />How do I feel about this?<br />“Felicia Feel Fine”<br />
  20. 20. Our Attitude Toward the External World<br />Judging<br />Want the world to be organized and have order<br />Plan/Structure<br />Last minute rushing around is stressful<br />Buzz words: Schedule, Routine, List<br />Perceiving<br />Want to go with the flow<br />Options/Angles<br />Last minute rushing around is energizing<br />Buzz words: Change, Surprise,<br />The Last Minute<br />
  21. 21. Schedules cramp my style, man.<br />Nothing beats a well-ordered day<br />
  22. 22. Procrastinator’s mantra: “Anything! Anything but what I should be doing!”<br />Side note: Individuals with “P” in their code are often natural procrastinators. <br />
  23. 23. Here’s the Situation: The Community Swimming Pool is operating over budget and must now reduce its costs by 30%. Within your group, generate some ideas on how to solve this problem. What concerns you most when arriving at a solution to this problem? <br />
  24. 24. The MBTI 4-Letter Code Indentifies Type Dynamics<br /><ul><li>The middle 2 letters describe the mental functions (How you judge and take in information)
  25. 25. The possible combinations are ST, SF,NT and NF
  26. 26. It indicates what mental function you use most often, use frequently, occasionally and seldom
  27. 27. These are also known as DOMINANT, AUXILIARY, TERTIARY AND INFERIOR functions</li></li></ul><li>16 MBTI* Types – Dominant Functions<br />*Myers-Briggs Type Indicator<br />
  28. 28. Dynamics andProblem-Solving<br />ESTJ<br />
  29. 29. How Much Time is Spent in Each of the Functions?<br />ESTJ<br />2<br />3<br />18 min.<br />Auxiliary<br />10 min.<br />Tertiary<br />1<br />28 min.<br />Dominant <br />4 4 min.<br />Inferior<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31. Carl Jung said: “Sensing tells us that something IS. Thinking tells us WHAT it is. Feeling gives it VALUE and INTUITION gives it meaning.<br />All functions are important to arrive at a balanced decision<br />
  32. 32. Additional Key Points:<br />The MBTI is:<br /><ul><li>An affirming way to understand self and others
  33. 33. A way to identify natural cognitive strengths
  34. 34. A way to value the constructive use of differences among people
  35. 35. A way to strengthen relationships and improve communication
  36. 36. A dynamic not a static description for patterns of interaction, growth and maturity</li></li></ul><li>The MBTI is not:<br /><ul><li>A way to pigeonhole, prescribe or excuse behavior
  37. 37. A complete description about human behavior. Recall that there are many factors that influence the human </li></ul>personality/behavior<br /><ul><li>A method to determine skill level, maturity or competencies as compared to others</li></li></ul><li>Other uses for the MBTI:<br /><ul><li>Understanding communication style
  38. 38. Career planning
  39. 39. Improving motivation
  40. 40. Clarifying goals
  41. 41. Reinventing yourself
  42. 42. Relationships </li></li></ul><li>Remember: There are no good or bad types. All types have some natural strengths and potential blind spots. <br />
  43. 43. Good-bye! Thank you! Peace!<br />